Tag: "airways" at medical news
'Virtual autopsy' helps identify drowning as cause of death
...include but are not limited to frothy fluid in the airways
or lungs, hyperinflated and congested lungs, and f... control group had frothy fluid or sediment in the airways
or sinuses, 11 (92 percent) had subglottic airway, tracheal and bronchial fluid. All members of the ...
NHLBI Asthma Clinical Research Networks and ALA ACRC Network to present at ATS 2007
...g, comments, The question was, can you protect the airways
by using inhaled steroids early in life in high-risk kids to modify the development of wheezing and protect lung function" The bottom line is no. You can control asthma, but you cant make it go away. In this study, children considered to be at high r...
Emory University researchers find persistent and severe asthma associated with obesity
...ests leptin may also contribute to inflammation of airways
seen in patients with asthma. The Emory Crawfor...loss and hormones produced by fat cells affect the airways
of both patients with asthma as well as healthy adults....
More pounds equals worse asthma?
...ole in body weight regulation, and inflammation of airways
seen in asthma. Obesity also may impact the lungs in other ways to increase the risk of asthma. A recent review of studies, which was published in the ATS's own American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, suggested that asthma incide...
Research highlights from Thoracic Society Conference
...n is associated with increased inflammation in the airways
of some asthma patients, but not all. Children taking inhaled steroid controller medications appeared protected against the inflammatory effects of air pollutants. Obesity Associated with Resistance to Asthma Medication National Jewish pulmonolo...
'Healthy' children with smoking parents aren't really so healthy
...ay still be experiencing damaging changes in their airways
that could lead to lung disease later in life, according to a new study presented at the American Thoracic Society 2007 International Conference, on Sunday, May 20. "Everyone knows that children of smokers have more respiratory problemsmore puffing,...
Researchers begin randomized double-blind trial of airway bypass treatment for emphysema
... the lungs' natural elasticity and the collapse of airways
in the lung combine to make exhalation ineffective, leaving the emphysema sufferer with hyperinflation because they cant get air out of their lungs. Breathing becomes inefficient and patients are always short of breath making even nominal physical a...
Asthma study shows patients have more options to control disease
...ug is designed to suppress inflammation within the airways
that can cause narrowing. Study participants were randomly divided into three groups. One group continued to take Flovent twice a day for 16 weeks. Two other groups took alternative therapies: either a combination of fluticasone propionate and salm...
Penn study on lung-infecting bacterial enzyme suggests new approach to cystic fibrosis treatment
... this protein that conveys ions from lung cells to airways
causes thick mucus to buildup inside the lung. The...to airways, creating a thin layer of fluid to keep airways
clear. However, SMase, secreted by certain respiratory tract bacteria, breaks down lipids surroundin...
Drug reduces unscheduled trips to doctor for childhood asthma attacks
...cent," said Dr. Robertson. In asthma, children's airways
become chronically inflamed, with various stimuli causing episodes of airway obstruction and breathing difficulties. The disease is the most common chronic disorder of childhood and affects an estimated 6.2 million children under age 18 in the U.S. ...
Secondhand smoke in cars may lead to dangerous levels of contaminants for children
...immune systems are less mature and, due to smaller airways
and greater demand for oxygen, they may be more vulnerable to respiratory diseases. The researchers, Vaughan Rees, research associate, and Gregory Connolly, professor of the practice of public health, both in HSPH's Division of Public Health Practi...
Use of helical MDCT better at detecting abnormal airways
...chest, fails to evaluate most of the lungs and the airways
therein," said Dr. Muller. The study included 61 patients who were diagnosed with bronchiectasis by either MDCT or HRCT. Seven patients had positive MDCT scans only and two patients had positive HRCT scans only. MDCT detected bronchiectasis in 202 l...
Low vitamin E intake during pregnancy can lead to childhood asthma
...y." However, the researchers also noted that the airways
are fully developed by 16 weeks after conception and, consequently, vitamin E exposure in early pregnancy may be more likely to influence airway function than exposure later in pregnancy. "The present study suggests that children's own nutrient int...
USC research shows dogs and smog don't mix
...matory response in the lungs, and it may cause the airways
of people with asthma to constrict. In previous studies, endotoxin has been shown to enhance the inflammatory effect of diesel exhaust particulate, inhaled highway aerosols and ozone in the lungs of experimental animals. "There's experimental liter...
Childhood sleep apnea linked to brain damage, lower IQ
... because of partial or complete obstruction of the airways
during sleep due to anatomic and/or neuromotor factors. In children, the leading cause of sleep apnea is enlarged tonsils and adenoids, and the first line of treatment is surgical removal. Another treatment is wearing a special mask at night to ensur...
Study links asthma to increased risk for sleep apnea in young women
...d to sleep." Obstructive sleep apnea occurs when airways
in the nose, mouth and throat narrow and disrupt a...ring sleep that applies continuous pressure to the airways
to help restore airflow. According to the American Lung Association, more than 18 million Americans ...
3-D computer simulation to aid treatment of collapsed lungs
...gs of prematurely born babies, can lead to blocked airways
causing severe breathing difficulties. To reopen a...n the lung collapses you want to be able to reopen airways
as quickly as possible but you do not want to damage the lung. There is a very fine balance between ...
Researchers demonstrate potential mechanism of food allergy
...hat induce symptoms in the gastrointestinal tract, airways
and skin, and in the most severe cases induces anaphylactic shock, an often fatal systemic reaction. These allergies are often characterized by abdominal pain, diarrhea, vomiting, hives, swelling of the eyelids, face, lips and tongue, shortness of b...
Protein potentially links diet, obesity and asthma
... of asthma. In addition, the infiltration into the airways
of inflammatory molecules such as leukocytes and eosinophils was highly dependent on aP2 function in mice. The data emphasize the importance of lipids in the inflammatory response and contribute to the emerging theme that an overlap exists between th...
Smokers with heavily lined faces run five times the risk of progressive lung disease (COPD)
... such as emphysema and bronchitis, which block the airways
and restrict oxygen flow around the body. In excess of 1 million people are thought to have COPD in the UK, many of whom have not been diagnosed. And the World Health Organization estimates that it will become the third leading cause of death in the ...
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