Tag: "alcoholics" at medical news
Neuroimaging confirms the greater vulnerability of women's brains to alcohol
...opmental events leading to dependence among female alcoholics
and an earlier onset of adverse consequences of al... (34 patients, 48 healthy "controls"). All of the alcoholics
were recruited from a six-week inpatient treatment program, and met Diagnostic and Statistical Manua...
Investigating 'brain shrinkage' in alcoholics
...vious studies have demonstrated that the brains of alcoholics
are smaller, lighter and "shrunken" when compared ...n, head injury and sleep apnoea are more common in alcoholics
and can contribute to brain damage. All of these factors particularly the alcohol, thiamine defici...
Anxiety disorders can compromise success of alcohol-dependence treatment
...o of the most common anxiety disorders found among alcoholics
social phobia and panic disorder are more strong...ebate continues as to whether anxiety disorders in alcoholics
are "independent disorders" or a consequence of their alcohol abuse/dependence, or for that matter, ...
Smoking seems to increase brain damage in alcoholics
...lics who smoke appear to lose more brain mass than alcoholics
who don't smoke, according to a study at the San F...is already well-known that the brains of long-term alcoholics
atrophy and shrink, the study authors say, but the new findings are the first evidence that cigarett...
Does smoking cloud the brain?
... despite the fact that 50 percent to 80 percent of alcoholics
smoke. Meanwhile, the U-M-led team is launching a ...a, San Francisco, in which brain scans showed that alcoholics
who smoke have lower brain volume than alcoholics
who don't smoke, and that cognitive function decre...
Mapping alcohol brain damage
...r frontal cortex [front of brain] when you compare alcoholics
with controls, that's not different in a spared area of the brain," Dr Dodd said. "In that way we can start to find those messages that show altered expression in the area of the brain that shows the pathology." He said the microarray analysis coul...
Alcohol-deterrent drugs help patients achieve high rates of long-term abstinence
...ce of abstinence, lapse, and relapse among chronic alcoholics
while exploring the role that "alcohol deterrents"... data gathered from 1993 to 2002, when 180 chronic alcoholics
were consecutively admitted to a two-year comprehensive integrated treatment program called the Outp...
Cholesterol levels discounted as a biological marker for suicide risk among alcoholics
...onding author for the study. "However, since many alcoholics
are reluctant to seek treatment for their problem,...sions for treatment of several disorders, not just alcoholics
and suicidal patients." Deisenhammer and his colleagues in Austria interviewed and took blood sampl...
Memory function: There is hope for alcoholics with Korsakoff Syndrome
...o visuoperceptual learning. Findings indicate that alcoholics
with KS can learn how to perform new tasks without... comparison of Korsakoff alcoholics, non-Korsakoff alcoholics
and controls is an effective way of disentangling alcohol's long-term effects on 'knowing how' versu...
Alcoholics with a borderline personality disorder are at greatest risk for suicidal behavior
...s in alcoholic subjects occur very often, and that alcoholics
with comorbid conditions are at high risk for suicidal behavior."...
Successful treatment of alcoholism found in the doctor's office
...octors who care for them. "Medical care works and alcoholics
don't need to check into a specialtytreatment program to get it," Swift said. "We found that just nine 20-minutesessions with a medical professional, in conjunction with naltrexone orintensive counseling, yields good clinical results. This is a criti...
Newsbriefs from the journal Chest, May 2006
...EUMONIA New research shows that current or former alcoholics
have a high risk for developing Streptococcus pneumoniae (S pneumoniae), a bacteria known to cause pneumonia. Researchers from Spain and Germany compared the etiology, antibiotic resistance of S pneumoniae, severity, and outcome of patients with alco...
Chances for better care for addicts
...ion research provides perspectives 6. Chances for alcoholics
Addiction not always chronic...
Stress, alcoholics, and post-traumatic stress disorder
...e of alcohol problems. New findings indicate that alcoholics
with and without post-traumatic stress disorder (P...: Clinical & Experimental Research has found that alcoholics
without PTSD have a disconnect between their high emotional distress and low biological stress respo...
Screening for Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) among substance users is improved
...ts. ADHD is especially common among drug users and alcoholics
and increases the severity of their addiction problems. ADHD is treatable, but diagnosing it among adult substance users has been difficult and expensive. Charles Cleland and his colleagues at National Development and Research Institutes in New York ...
Alcoholism-treatment medication acamprosate may help abstinent alcoholics sleep better
... for alleviating sleep disturbances experienced by alcoholics
during abstinence Alcoholics generally don't sleep...oholism." "These sleep problems among abstinent alcoholics
construe a critical issue, as they can remain for up to three years," added Timothy A. Roehrs, direc...
Long-term abstinence may resolve many of the neurocognitive deficits associated with alcoholism
...neuropsychological deficits. A new study looks at alcoholics
who have been sober for six months to 13 years. Results indicate that long-term abstinent alcoholics
can recover many of their neurocognitive deficits, except for spatial-processing abilities. Alcoho...
Decision-making impairment appears greater in alcoholics with coexisting personality disorders
...llmarks of addiction. New research has found that alcoholics
with certain coexisting personality disorders (PDs...th no substance-abuse issues (n=53); and abstinent alcoholics
divided into three subgroups, those without any PD (n=38), those with a cluster A or C PD (n=19), an...
LSD treatment for alcoholism gets new look
...to one study conducted in 1962, 65 per cent of the alcoholics
in the experiment stopped drinking for at least a ...trial also concluded that less than 25 per cent of alcoholics
quit drinking for the same period after receiving group therapy, and less than 12 per cent quit in r...
Heavy, chronic drinking can cause significant hippocampal tissue loss
...us volumes among adult male veterans who were both alcoholics
(n=8) and non-alcoholics (n=8). All of the alcoholics
had long, heavy drinking careers and were still drinking heavily at the time of the study. "Control...