Tag: "analysis" at medical news
Highlights from the February 2007 Journal of the American Dietetic Association
...matically enhance nutrient intake. Results of this analysis
and others indicate a need for additional efforts to increase dairy consumption in African-American communities, in which less-than-recommended intakes of calcium and other essential nutrients is widespread." The study was funded in part by the Nat...
Mechanism of hallucinogens' effects discovered
... the center for action of the hallucinogens. Their analysis
revealed that LSD produced genetic, electrophysiological, and internal cellular signaling responses that were distinctively different from those induced by a nonhallucinogenic compound. They also explored whether 2ARs were central to the hallucinog...
Passive smoke in workplace increases lung cancer risk
of nearly two dozen studies confirms the associati.... Stayner and colleagues conducted a statistical analysis
combining data from 22 studies evaluating workplace smoking exposure and lung cancer risk. They also...
Investment level in HIV prevention programs related to HIV incidence in the United States
...erg School of Public Health conducted a historical analysis
to examine the relationship between the Centers fo...at level investment yields level incidence. "Our analysis
helps explain why the number of new HIV infections has remained at 40,000 per year for over 15 years...
Researchers: Few heart disease trials reporting sex-specific results
...of Mayo Clinic's Women Heart Clinic. "We hope this analysis
will drive the behavior of researchers. If more women are included in trials and the results are reported by sex, it will help physicians provide the best care possible to both men and women." Policy changes in 1986 by the National Institutes of He...
Embargoed Jan./Feb. Annals of Family Medicine tip sheet
...ves to pharmaceutical interventions. In a content analysis
of 38 unique pharmaceutical advertisements that ra... $2.98 billion in 1995. Using a cost-effectiveness analysis
to compare four treatment regimens that include observational and antibiotic treatments, researchers...
Adding radiation decreases breast cancer recurrence
...al breast tumors for this patient population. This analysis
was part of a larger study led by Rebecca Silliman, M.D., Ph.D., of the Boston University Medical Center. It was conducted under the auspices of the National Cancer Institute-funded Cancer Research Network. They found that women, regardless of age ...
Nano world off the radar for most
...dot.com bust. "The paucity of debate and critical analysis
on the implications of nanotechnology in the popular media is reflected in the general lack of public awareness of the implications of nanotechnology," according to the researchers. The researchers find the general public only vaguely aware of nanot...
Novel computed imaging technique uses blurry images to enhance view
...impact real-time, three-dimensional microscopy and analysis
in the fields of cell and tumor biology, as well as in clinical diagnosis where imaging is preferable to biopsy," said Boppart, who is also a physician and founding director of the Mills Breast Cancer Institute at Carle Foundation Hospital in Urbana,...
Billions of dollars saved in US by polio vaccination
...dy, Kimberly Thompson, associate professor of risk analysis
and decision science at HSPH, emphasized that this study "should help people understand and better appreciate the huge economic savings that can come from investments in public health interventions." The researchers, Professor Thompson and Dr. Rad...
Aspirin saves lives of cancer patients suffering heart attacks, despite fears of bleeding
...iversity Medical Center, conducted a retrospective analysis
of cancer patients treated for heart attacks at M. D. Anderson Cancer Center in 2001. These 70 patients were divided into two groups based on their platelet counts, and data was collected on the use of aspirin, bleeding complications, and survival. ...
Survey reveals need for standardized oral chemotherapy prescribing practices, safeguards
...puted-based prescription order entry systems. An analysis
of the information required to order prescriptions for six oral chemotherapies found that few centers mandated the inclusion of the patient's diagnosis (26 percent), the treatment's schedule and duration (9 percent), or the patient's body surface are...
Bayer and Onyx announce pivotal Nexavar kidney cancer study published in NEJM
...ed to "cross over" to drug treatment. The first OS analysis
conducted immediately before cross-over found a 39...tients (hazard ratio 0.72, p=0.018). A further OS analysis
performed six months following cross over was based on 367 survival events (patient deaths) that had...
Better review of new technology is needed to reduce health costs
...CSF School of Medicine, examines this subject. Her analysis
appears in the January/February 2007 edition of the health policy journal Health Affairs, which devotes the full issue to cardiovascular medicine. "Any new technology is only valuable to the extent that it leads to improved patient care," says Redbe...
Researchers identify gene associated with severe kidney failure in diabetes
...an whites and Arabs. When his group repeated the analysis
in black Americans, there was no evidence that the carnosinase pathway was involved in their kidney failure. "It is possible that American blacks have different carnosine metabolism, making them less susceptible to alterations in carnosinase gene ac...
Nutrition studies' conclusions tied to funding source
...pharmaceutical studies funded by industry. Now, an analysis
from Children's Hospital Boston finds a similar ph...trition, particularly in studies of beverages. The analysis
the first systematic one performed on nutrition studies found that beverage studies funded solely ...
New Congress should focus on covering the uninsured, reducing health costs, according to new survey
...n a High Performance Health System with additional analysis
of survey findings is also posted on the Fund's Web site. Reducing Uninsured and Cost Burdens, Improving Care Seen As Attainable Goals Opinion leaders feel that substantial changes are achievable and desirable in several health care policy areas...
Brain studies reveal the mechanisms of the voluntary control of visual attention
...ol brain areas, Woldorff said. Additional computer analysis
combining both the fMRI and ERP recordings confirmed this sequence. The brain activity recordings also indicated that the attentional orienting activity in the frontal-parietal network regions was followed by increased activity in the visual cortex,...
Are one-third of costly implanted heart devices unnecessary? New study suggests yes
...are system, and the taxpayers who support it. That analysis
was based on assumptions about MTWA testing's ability to predict risk assumptions that can now be adjusted based on the new study results. This research has focused on patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy the most common form of heart-muscle da...
Prenatal multivitamins for undernourished women may reduce risk of low birth weight
... Of the 200 babies born, 146 were included in the analysis
of birth size and 170 (88 in the micronutrient group and 82 in the placebo group) in the analysis
of death or illness within seven days. After the researchers adjusted for other factors that affect...
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