Tag: "antiretroviral" at medical news
Risk of HIV transmission highest in early stage of infection
...are aware of their infection status or receive the antiretroviral
drugs used to treat HIV infection. Cohen and Pilcher recommended that increased attention be paid to those recently infected, and that measures such as partner notification, counseling services, and novel biological interventions be developed specifi...
Institute of Medicine news: Human resource crisis in HIV/AIDS
... goals are to treat 2 million infected people with antiretroviral
therapy, prevent 7 million new HIV infections, and... 6 million HIV-infected people in these areas need antiretroviral
treatment now. PEPFAR has provided such drug therapy in the 15 focus countries: Botswana, Cote d'Iv...
New guidelines recommend screening HIV-infected patients for kidney disease
...have advanced renal disease may still benefit from antiretroviral
therapy, Dr. Gupta notes. "A lot of people say, 'W...DS since the beginning of the era of highly active antiretroviral
therapy (HAART). "Before HAART was available, we needed to help patients survive first. These other ...
Antibiotic might fight HIV-induced neurological problems
...vous system, problems that can develop even though antiretroviral
therapy controls the virus elsewhere in the body. ...l of the American Medical Association. "In people, antiretroviral
treatments do a great job of controlling HIV in blood, but most of the drugs don't cross the blood-b...
HIV treatment not affected by hormonal birth control
...o not influence the effectiveness of highly active antiretroviral
therapy (HAART), which is used to treat HIV infection, according to researchers from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and other institutions. The study is published in the May 1, 2005, issue of the American Journal of Epidemiology...
WHO's HIV initiative at risk of failing
...ntries, may hamper WHO's goal to provide life-long antiretroviral
therapy to 3 million people with HIV/AIDS in devel...h 720,000 people in developing countries receiving antiretroviral
treatment and three times the target number of outlets providing antiretrovirals, the financial reso...
Asymptomatic HIV-infected newborns may benefit from early drug treatment, Stanford study shows
... that HIV-infected infants treated with one or two antiretroviral
drugs within two months of birth were less likely ...iated. Infants who received a combination of three antiretroviral
drugs did even better. "This is an important finding because there's been a lot of controversy in th...
Lag-time often occurs before new treatments for pediatric HIV infection are used
... guidelines were issued, regimens of highly active antiretroviral
therapy including a protease inhibitor became most frequently used. From 1998-2003, 22 percent of children initiated ART with a regimen not recommended by pediatric guidelines. In additional analysis, the risk of switching decreased with age at ART i...
Many HIV patients are not diagnosed early enough
... starting appropriate treatment with highly active antiretroviral
therapy, they write. To improve this situation, the proportion of people diagnosed as having HIV as part of routine screening needs to increase, with people at risk being encouraged to have an HIV test. Healthcare professionals' awareness of factors ...
World Bank and IMF preventing transfer of foreign aid to HIV/AIDS programmes
...nding received for initiatives, such as scaling up antiretroviral
treatment, in their health budgets. If a sector receives any new funds that were not initially budgeted for, a comparable amount must be cut from the budget. The authors use the situation in Uganda as an example of the effect of expenditure ceilings...
What types of physicians are best to treat patients with HIV?
...different areas of quality of care in the areas of antiretroviral
drug use, screening and prophylaxis, and delivery ... for by ID physicians were receiving highly active antiretroviral
therapy, compared with 73 percent of patients of nonexpert generalists. Thirty-one percent of patien...
Treatment helps in preventing TB among those at high risk
...attending the clinic between 1999 and 2001 (before antiretroviral
therapy was available). Median follow-up was 22.1 ...rventions such as secondary preventive therapy and antiretroviral
therapy [which is now being rolled out among the workforce] are required to reduce the very high res...
HIV treatment programs in poor countries as effective as in developed countries
...sources can effectively manage the complexities of antiretroviral
therapy. But the new review of 10 medical studies ... governments in resource-limited countries to fund antiretroviral
clinics for those in need. All studies included in the review had to meet certain criteria, such as ...
Promising new TB drug enters clinical trial
...ffects when taking both rifampin (to treat TB) and antiretroviral
drugs (to treat HIV). "The announcement that a novel TB drug candidate has entered human trials is cause for celebration in the TB community. It underscores the value of public-private partnerships and the crucial role of NIAID's TB drug development ...
Hopkins AIDS experts issue warning about global efforts to provide drug therapies
...ning that limited international relief supplies of antiretroviral
therapies currently being distributed in Africa, A... AIDS Relief is spending more than $600 million on antiretroviral
therapies for 2 million people, demand in the developing world is even greater and steadily growing,...
AIDS is not a problem for Africa alone
...ocused anti-poverty efforts. 76% of unmet need for antiretroviral
treatment is in sub-Saharan Africa. But behind Sou...industry supplies medication to half the people on antiretroviral
therapy in the entire developing world....
Antiretroviral therapy may prevent HIV transmission from breastfeeding mothers to infants
...ew studies support the hypothesis that combination antiretroviral
drug therapy may reduce the risk of mother-to-chil... Researchers in the first study found mothers pass antiretroviral
medications on to their breastfeeding infants in concentrations high enough to prevent infection. Th...
Highly active antiretrovirals for HIV can substantially reduce rates of AIDS
Highly active antiretroviral
therapy (HAART) for HIV-infected individuals could...E LANCET. HAART is a combination of at least three antiretroviral
drugs from at least two drug classes. Randomised trials of its effectiveness have only followed-up p...
HIV therapy success rates similar in developing and developed world, study shows
...ith HIV in developing countries do just as well on antiretroviral
therapy (ART) programs as do people with HIV on ART programs in developed countries. It also shows that people with HIV who are given free ART drugs will do "significantly" better at fighting the disease compared to those who must pay for the drugs. ...
A friendly reminder for HIV patients
...edule, a combination of drugs called highly active antiretroviral
therapy (HAART). Those who miss their medication a few times quickly develop a viral resistance to the drug, a problem since replacement options are few. "On average, HIV-infected, treatment-nave patients today take roughly two pills once a day, a s...
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