Tag: "auditory" at medical news

A woman who heard voices with her own speech impairments

...ices to be external and real. The authors say: The auditory hallucinations (AH) were thought likely to be caused by epilepsy. By Christmas 2006, the patient had been discharged and was only having AH once a week, but she returned to hospital in March 2007 again with serious AH and speech difficulties. EEG s...

Mayo researchers discover overdiagnosis of long QT heart syndrome

...udden death, often related to physical exertion or auditory triggers such as an alarm clock. However, most cas...ures -- especially during exercise or following an auditory trigger such as doorbells, alarms or ringing telephones. A family history of a sudden, unexplai...

News from American Psychiatric Association 2007 Annual Meeting

...d vestibular (balance system having to do with the auditory organ). The composite score of each individual sensory test characterizes the overall level of a person's performance. Results found that compared to placebo, a significant decrease in SOT composite score was observed with zolpidem (P Signif...

Some children are born with 'temporary deafness' and do not require cochlear implant

...onvert sounds into pulse signals that activate the auditory nerve. The second cause is a malfunction of the ne..., but the hair cells do not "communicate" with the auditory nerves and the child cannot hear. To date, doctors have recommended the same treatment for all child...

Wired for sound: How the brain senses visual illusions

...ne have found new evidence of rapid integration of auditory and visual sensations in the brain. Their finding...ich visual perception can be altered by concurrent auditory events, will be published online in the April 12 edition of the Journal of Neuroscience. When sub...

Research finds music training 'tunes' human auditory system

... a young age in effect can "fine-tune" the brain's auditory system. "Increasing music experience appears to be...em once was thought to only play a passive role in auditory processing. Using a novel experimental design, the researchers presented the Mandarin word "mi" to...

Low-pitch treatment alleviates ringing sound of tinnitus

...e damaged mechanism in the ear that stimulates the auditory nerve, Zeng believes that a properly pitched acoustic sound will have the same effect on tinnitus for someone who does not use a hearing device. Dr. Hamid Djalilian, a UCI physician who treats hearing disorders, points out that a custom sound can be ...

New dyslexia theory blames 'noise'

...nce, was the lead author on a study ofdyslexia and auditory noise published this year inProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Ziegler said his results suggest that dyslexia stems fromshaky categories for phonemes (the basic sounds oflanguage). "In silence, information is often redundant and d...

Mandarin language is music to the brain

... thought, and it gives clues to why people who use auditory prosthetic devices have difficulty understanding Mandarin. The study appears in this weeks online early edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.In the English language, Zeng says, changes in pitch dictate the difference between...

Ultrasound mammography, volcano monitoring for aircraft safety

...amma ( sas@eng.umd.edu ), this ability arises from auditory nerve cells in the brain re-tuning themselves to s...ilali and Jonathan Fritz, is that the re-tuning of auditory neurons in adult mammal brains happens very rapidly, suggesting that the developed brain is even mor...

Large subset of learning disabled children can be quickly identified by new diagnostic device

...ers aged 8 to 12 who, once identified, can receive auditory training that can improve their academic learning....th sound encoding problems, these children receive auditory training that boosts their ability to better distinguish sounds. When researchers use BioMAP to re-e...

Simulation in a virtual combat environment puts surgical skills to the test

...irtual Environment) while surrounded by visual and auditory depictions of gunfire, explosions, and a virtual sniper. They performed the surgery under both daytime and nighttime combat conditions. When tested again four months later, they demonstrated that they retained the necessary skills for the procedure. ...

Researchers discover mechanism that determines when detailed memories are retained

... the nucleus basalis, which relays commands to the auditory cortex by secreting acetylcholine. During some exp...esearch in the field of learning and memory in the auditory system. In a study published in 2005, he discovered a neural coding mechanism that the brain relies ...

Sensory feedback during speech: The brain attunes to more than just sound

...effectively produce words is dependent not only on auditory feedback signals to the brain, but also on so-call... to dissociate the contribution of these cues from auditory cues by using a robotic device that slightly altered the path of the jaw's motion at different point...

Williams Syndrome, the brain and music

...songs, an uncanny sense of rhythm, and the kind of auditory acuity, than can discern differences between diffe... the temporal lobe and thought to be involved many auditory tasks, including perfect pitch, may underlie the unusual musical and language skills. First author...

St. Jude finds clues to hearing loss from chemotherapy

...ed more than 1,800 mice from 285 families using an auditory brainstem responses test. This test determines whether a particular mouse can respond to high frequencies by recording electrical activity from the hearing nerve and other parts of the brain in response to brief, high-frequency sounds. The team ident...

First evidence that musical training affects brain development in young children

...h team designed their study to investigate (1) how auditory responses in children matured over the period of a year, (2) whether responses to meaningful sounds, such as musical tones, matured differently than responses to noises, and (3) how musical training affected normal brain development in young children...

Mirrors in the mind: New studies elucidate how the brain reflects onto itself the actions of others

...r neurons might contribute to our understanding of auditory cues. Past work had shown that in monkeys, so-called auditory mirror neurons activate when monkeys perform certain actions and when they hear the same actions bei...

JRRD tipsheet: Focus on stroke

...in phonological processing, language function, and auditory processing. Improvement in the lexical-semantic system was attributed to informal forced-use language treatment. Results showed slight improvement in phonological function and clinically significant gains in the lexical-semantic system. We concluded ...

Long-term abstinence may resolve many of the neurocognitive deficits associated with alcoholism

...ins: abstraction/cognitive flexibility, attention, auditory working memory, immediate memory, delayed memory, psychomotor function, reaction time, spatial processing, and verbal skills. Fein said that the only domain they did not examine was gait and balance, regarding it as separate. "We found that the co...

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(Date:7/28/2014)... team of researchers led by the University of Arizona ... The genetic information will enhance scientists, and agriculturalists, understanding ... as enable the development of new rice varieties that ... to help solve global hunger challenges. , The paper, ... ) and evidence for independent domestication," was published online ...
(Date:7/28/2014)... and organic compounds in hydrothermal environments are critical components ... for the deep biosphere, and may have implications for ... about how minerals influence organic reactions. A team ... a common mineral acts as a catalysts for specific ... solvents or expensive reagents. , At the heart of ...
(Date:7/28/2014)... Researchers at Yale School of Medicine have pinpointed a mechanism ... glucose levels in the blood, linking it to both type ... the July 28 issue of Proceedings of the National ... prolyl endopeptidase enzyme located in a part of the ... of steps in motion that control glucose levels in the ...
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