Tag: "bacteria" at medical news
Community MRSA is re-emergence of 1950's pandemic
...e 80/81 penicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteria
caused skin lesions, sepsis and pneumonia in children and young adults around the world. This pandemic of both hospital and community acquired infections waned throughout the 1960s as the antibiotic meticillin was used to treat these infections. Now ...
West Africa: meningitis epidemics driven by the wind
.... The disease, an infection of the meninges by the bacteria
Neisseria meningitidis, is highly contagious and a...ons are propitious for the transmission of the MCM bacteria
to the blood and hence for triggering meningitis epidemics. Through their involvement in the AMMA p...
Bacterial infection associated with heart attack in young men
...als. It isn't well understood how to eradicate the bacteria
from the body, and once C. pneumoniae has set in, it may be too late to ward off heart attacks related to the infection. Further studies are being conducted to gather more information about the organism. Eventually, researchers may discover how to p...
Breakthrough in national diseases
...umber of immune defence proteins. Some viruses and bacteria
have also been observed to influence the gene in an attempt to evade the immune defence system, a strategy employed, for example, by the viruses that cause AIDS, herpes and hepatitis. The article, entitled "MHC2TA is associated with differential MHC ...
Being too clean could be hazardous to your health and the environment
...ical devices. Triclosan is most often used to kill bacteria
on the skin and other surfaces and is sometimes used to preserve a product, including food. The American Medical Association (AMA) has been urging the FDA to closely monitor and possibly regulate the home use of antimicrobials such as triclosan. The ...
Stanford gut check shows diversity of intestinal ecosystem
...ase and other variables. To distinguish individual bacteria
among the hundreds of types in the samples, Eckbur...pares the genetic sequence of a molecule shared by bacteria
and archaea. The molecule, 16S rRNA, plays a role in the translation of the genetic code and thus is...
Study shows antibiotic treatment does not reduce risk of secondary cardiac events
...urnal of Medicine. Previous studies have found the bacteria
Chlamydia pneumoniae in the arterial plaque of pat..., found no benefit from treating the C. pneumoniae bacteria
with an antibiotic in order to reduce the risk of heart attack or improve overall cardiac outcomes. ...
New study shows antibiotic treatment does not reduce risk of secondary cardiac events
...f Medicine . Many previous studies have found the bacteria
Chlamydia pneumoniae in the arterial plaque of pat... of whether antibiotics could be used to treat the bacteria
and therefore reduce the risk of cardiac events. Approximately 50 percent of U.S. adults have been ...
Discovery of a 'molecular switch' could lead to new ways of treating infection, including MRSA
...IKK, they found significantly increased killing of bacteria
in sepsis and pneumonia, but found that inflammation was higher than the normal mice. This result led the team to believe that IKK was a stop signal to limit the inflammatory response....
A common bacterium leads to serious blood infection in many seniors, new study finds
...other institutions on a vaccine that would prevent bacteria
from taking hold in the urinary tract, Jackson said she is not aware of any work currently underway to develop a vaccine specifically to prevent E. coli bacteremia. Jackson's study, conducted among 46,000 Group Health members, also identified risk fa...
Study reveals new data on how lyme disease is spread
...riguing new data on the spread of the Lyme disease bacteria
through the blood stream. The ability to find the Lyme spirochete--the tick-borne agent responsible--in the blood is itself an achievement because existing methods of culturing blood were not sensitive enough to detect its presence until College rese...
FDA approves Boostrix a new US vaccine for adolescents against pertussis
...s (lockjaw) is a severe, often fatal disease. The bacteria
that cause tetanus are widely found in soil and the manure of many animals. Almost all reported cases of tetanus are in persons who have either never been vaccinated, or who completed a primary series, but have not had a booster in the preceding 10 ...
Two studies document rise of superbugs in the environment
...wiser, so do the bugs. The rates of drug-resistant bacteria
infecting patients in the community and in the hos... hands, wash hands." And if regular drug-resistant bacteria
weren't bad enough, some bacteria
have become multidrug resistant (MDR). Researchers at the Beth Isr...
New treatments for common vaginal infection being studied
...t gets that way because the lactobacilli, the good bacteria
in the vagina, are wiped out. Good bacteria
are critical to the vaginas natural, continuous cleansing process. They secrete lactic acid, which m...
New research raises questions about buckyballs and the environment
...hey exposed nano-C 60 to two types of common soil bacteria
and found that the particles inhibited both the growth and respiration of the bacteria
at very low concentrations as little as 0.5 parts per million. "What we have found is that these C ...
University of Manchester launches new anti-MRSA product
...gned to reduce the spread and infection of harmful bacteria
in hospital wards. The cabinet is made from a poly...act, MRSA can be passed indirectly to patients via bacteria
resting on the surfaces of hospital equipment and furniture contained in wards. However, with the Bi...
Leprosy genome tells story of human migrations, French researchers report in Science
...enetics study comparing strains of leprosy-causing bacteria
has revealed some surprises about how the pathogen... the genetic sequence. In a study of 175 different bacteria
samples from 21 countries, the researchers found only four of these possible combinations. Overall...
Active vaccine prevents mice from developing prion disease
...or deer and cattle. After choosing the appropriate bacteria
for each vaccine, they must genetically modify it to carry the prion protein. "These technical issues are not major hurdles," says Dr. Wisniewski. "Developing a marketable vaccine for livestock is something that is very achievable." The authors...
Study compares stomach acid control of three proton pump inhibitors in chronic NSAID users
... required to be free from Helicobacter pylori -- bacteria
often associated with stomach ulcers. Participants were randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups. Each treatment group received once-daily oral doses of esomeprazole (40 mg), lansoprazole (30 mg) or pantoprazole (40 mg) for five days follow...
Study shows grapefruit extract can heal stomach ulcers
...icantly greater bacterial translocation (escape of bacteria
from the GI tract to abdominal lymph nodes, in this example), higher blood endotoxin levels and more severe liver injury than male rats on the same diet or rats of either sex on the LDC diet (two-fold increase in total change), based on their intake ...
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