Tag: "bacterium" at medical news
Solution to bacterial mystery promises new drugs
...rated that current textbooks use the wrong type of bacterium
as a model to explain a critical biochemical step that most disease-causing bacteria use to make their membranes, according to Charles Rock, Ph.D., a member of the St. Jude Department of Infectious Diseases and senior author of the paper. As bacteria...
Eliminating blindness the safe way
...ing causes of preventable blindness worldwide. The bacterium
Chlamydia trachomatis causes trachoma by triggering inflammation and scarring the eyelid. Trachoma is rife in overcrowded and poverty stricken areas of the developing world, where it is easily spread from person to person due to lack of water and poo...
TB relapse due to low weight gain after initial treatment
...lly fatal infection usually caused by the airborne bacterium
Mycobacterium tuberculosis. About 85 percent of TB infections are caused by re-activation of dormant bacteria that have been healed and sealed off at the site of the original infection. TB that affects organs other than the lung frequently comes from...
NIH grant of $665K awarded to Rhode Island Hospital
...t step in the development of gastric cancer. The bacterium
was discovered in the early 1980s, and researchers have since found that certain people and populations are more likely to become infected with the bacteria than others. About 30 to 40 percent of the U.S. population carries the bacteria; it is more c...
Sandia work launched on space shuttle shows live cells influence growth of nanostructures
... cause disease. Presently the state of the dormant bacterium
is not understood. Timmins and Brinker are discussing further experiments to validate the model. Finally, building the cells into a coating with a high enough density might elicit from them a defensive, multi-cellular signal of an unpleasant nature...
Rutgers-Newark researcher discovers new motor protein mechanism linked to heart disease and strokes
... and other harmful proteins to the exterior of the bacterium
cell. Once a bacterium
infects a human or a host, some bacteria will use the SecA system to secrete specific bacteria prote...
Study details why listeriosis rates are 20-fold higher during pregnancy
...imes more likely than others to be infected by the bacterium
Listeria monocytogenes. Researchers at the Univers...ined the animals' organs, she found that for every bacterium
present in the placenta, there were 1,000 to 10,000 times as many in the liver and spleen, an indica...
Heat-shock protein vaccine reduces alveolar bone loss
...findings of a study they performed to evaluate the bacterium
Porphyromonas gingivalis heat-shock protein (HSP) 60 as a vaccine candidate to inhibit multiple bacteria-induced alveolar bone loss.Recombinant P. gingivalis HSP60 was produced and purified from P. gingivalis GroEL gene. Rats were immunized with P. g...
Cranberries contain possible anti-caries/anti-plaque agents
... ability to counteract the damaging effects of the bacterium
Streptococcus mutans, which causes dental caries (tooth decay). Dental caries is the most common oral infectious disease that afflicts humans. More than 95% of all adults have experienced this disease. It is more common than asthma, hay fever, or chr...
Progulske-Fox receives periodontal disease research award
...sis of Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis), a bacterium
associated with adult periodontitis. With the recent indictment of P. gingivalis as a contributor to cardiovascular disease, her laboratory started investigating the mechanisms by which P. gingivalis interacts with and invades human cardiovascular ar...
Gut microbes' partnership helps body extract energy from food, store it as fat
...gnotobiotic mice with the polysaccharide-digesting bacterium
B. thetaiotaomicron. Another group was colonized with M. smithii, while a third group received both B. thetaiotaomicron and M. smithii. The archaeon's presence dramatically affected gene activity in B. thetaiotaomicron, shifting its appetite to a ...
Warning for budding young footballers playing in new boots
..., over each of her Achilles tendons containing the bacterium
Staphylococcus aureus with the toxic shock syndrome gene (TSS1). A diagnosis of toxic shock syndrome was made and she was treated with antibiotics. In the second case, a healthy 11-year-old boy played football in a new pair of boots, causing a bliste...
Hebrew University researchers succeed in observing for 1st time how DNA damage is identified
... of bacteria has been gathered over the years on a bacterium
known as Bacillus subtilis, a bacterium
which does not cause any illnesses. When this bacterium
enters the sporulation phase, it verifies th...
UCSF study to examine whether probiotics can prevent asthma in children
...nny nose, and eczema. Lactobacillus GG is a common bacterium
found in yogurt and many other foods and often is given to treat diarrhea. The three-year study will include about 280 healthy full-term babies with either a mother or a father with asthma, because parents with asthma are more likely to have childre...
New treatment against persistent ulcer-inducing bacteria successful
...lcers, as well as other gastric malignancies, is a bacterium
called Helicobacter pylori. For some, this infecti...adapt to the harsh environment in the stomach. The bacterium
guards itself in the lining of the stomach, which prevents the body's natural defenses (Killer T Cel...
Two NYU faculty named to the National Academy of Sciences
...eer to studying Staphylococcus aureus, a notorious bacterium
that causes a wide variety of illnesses, from rela...nderstanding the molecular mechanisms by which the bacterium
causes disease, and to devising ways to block its effects. His laboratory discovered and characteriz...
Researchers discover new disease-causing bacterium in patients with rare immune disorder
... Institutes of Health (NIH), have discovered a new bacterium
and determined that it can cause serious lymph nod...he inflamed lymph nodes of a patient with CGD. The bacterium
is part of the Acetobacteraceae family that includes several types of bacteria prevalent in the envi...
Significant reduction in antibiotic-resistant pneumococcal disease since the introduction of PREVNAR
...me of which may be life threatening, caused by the bacterium
Streptococcus pneumoniae. S. pneumoniae has been associated with the highest level of morbidity and mortality due to bacterial meningitis in children. IPD includes serious diseases such as bacteremia/sepsis, meningitis, and bacteremic pneumonia. PR...
Tip sheet Annals of Internal Medicine, March 7, 2006, issue
...SA, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, a bacterium
highly resistant to many antibiotics and, until recently, seen mostly in hospital settings. Recently, MRSA has appeared in the community and can infect healthy people. Identification of MRSA infections is important so that it can be adequately treate...
Study indicates dramatic rise in antibiotic-resistant community-acquired staph infections
...expanding", making it a "remarkable epidemic." The bacterium
Staphyloccus aureus (staph) normally resides on skin and in noses, and typically infects tissues through cuts or rashes. Those infections can remain minor, or lead to illnesses ranging from boils or abscesses to necrotizing skin infections, pneumoni...
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