Tag: "been" at medical news
'Promiscuous' area of brain could explain role of antidepressants
..."promiscuous" than previously believed. "There has been
a fundamental principal in neuroscience that a neuron releases one neurotransmitter," said Dani. "We have come to realize that neurotransmitters aren't the perfect 1-to-1signalers that we assumed they're a little promiscuous. That is, rather than tr...
People with peanut allergy at risk of allergic reaction to lupin flour
...to wheat flour. Although the food use of lupin has been
permitted in the UK since 1996, few lupin-containing foods are so far on sale; the main source appears to be imported bakery and catering goods. A new directive on food labelling came into force in Europe in November 2004, requiring food manufacture...
Post-traumatic stress disorder common among refugees in western countries
...alence of mental disorder in these individuals has been
unclear. Mina Fazel (University of Oxford, UK) and colleagues reviewed psychiatric surveys based on interviews with refugee populations in economically developed western countries published between January 1966 and December 2002. They found 20 eligi...
Lupus and the role of Epstein-Barr virus
Almost everyone has been
infected with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), a member o...ction and promotion of certain antibodies, EBV has been
implicated in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), commonly referred to as lupus. Lupus is a chronic...
Lack of vigorous activity linked to functional decline in older adults with arthritis
...culations, the functional deterioration could have been
reduced by as much as 32 percent. "These findings indicate that older persons with chronic conditions need to be encouraged to participate in physical activities, regardless of their current capabilities," Dr. Dunlop stresses. "Motivating older pe...
Competition in health care may not result in better quality
...s, competition within the health care industry has been
touted as the way to curb rising prices by reducing inefficient practices and improving quality and safety. But a study of 341 HMOs suggests that more competition may not automatically solve price and quality-of-care problems as hoped for by legislat...
Institute of Medicine news: Review of HIVNET 012 study
...evious audits about whether any adverse events had been
missed stemmed from the trial investigators' use of a narrow but acceptable interpretation of what counted as "serious." The Hopkins and Makerere researchers used hospitalization as the principal -- but not sole -- determinant to classify clinical e...
ACP releases 5th Edition of its respected ethics manual
...primarily for doctors of internal medicine but has been
widely used by other physicians and is often cited in medical and ethical literature. The first ACP Ethics Manual was published in 1984. This edition is an update of the 1998 fourth edition. "ACP's Ethics Manual provides an ethical framework to help...
...e models of many human cancer types that also have been
used to study cancer-associated genes. The topic of Dr. Jacks' talk is "Modeling cancer in the mouse." Sara A. Courtneidge, Ph.D. , Director and Professor in the Cell Adhesion and Extracellular Matrix Department at the Burnham Institute, La Jolla, C...
Liver may be source of 'good' cholesterol
...ound in many parts of the body, so scientists have been
unsure which specific tissues are involved in HDL ...xtremely rare. As of 1992, fewer than 50 cases had been
Data show cyclosporine inhalation solution improves long-term survival in lung-transplant patients
...ntly available immunosuppressive regimens have not been
effective in reducing the incidence of chronic rejection or prolonging survival in lung-transplant patients. CyIS could be a breakthrough therapy to address this unmet need." The randomized double-blinded, placebo-controlled pivotal study of CyIS wa...
Neurology Now magazine launches at AAN meeting
...ture a cover story about actress Teri Garr who has been
living with MS for several years....
Breakthrough in national diseases
A common gene variant has been
identified as the risk factor behind a number of c...ly taken to lower cholesterol levels. Statins have been
shown to reduce activity in this gene and thus produce anti-inflammatory effects. Statins have now b...
About 70 percent of older adults use alternative medicine
...ording to a new study. While previous research has been
limited, this appears to be a higher rate than occ...said. "Many types of alternative medicine have not been
tested for safety and effectiveness, and yet a large majority of older adults are using them. This t...
Children's Hospital, Oakland's Dr. Barbara Staggers wins prestigious award
...mental work, and education. Dr. Staggers has long been
a champion and mentor of adolescents. She has devoted her life to increasing access to quality health care for minorities, particularly adolescents. Dr. Staggers is the director of three health clinics serving adolescents. Last fall, Dr. Staggers ...
Fifteen-year hunt uncovers gene behind 'pseudothalidomide' syndrome
...mal in people with Roberts syndrome, but we hadn't been
able to figure out why or how," says Ethylin Jabs,...ake many copies of DNA from a small sample -- have been
around in some form for more than a decade. But others are much more recent developments. For exampl...
Painless test using teardrops may speed diagnosis of Sjgren's syndrome
...ifficult to diagnose. Diagnosis of the disease has been
further complicated by the lack of biomarkers specific for the disease as well as its slow progress, the researchers say. According to study leader Naohisa Tomosugi, M.D., of Kanazawa Medical University in Japan, the new painless technique would req...
Blood test can accurately diagnose heart failure in emergency patients
...ssue of the American Journal of Cardiology and has been
released online prior to print publication. "We f...lly evaluated potential heart failure patients has been
rather random, with some receiving a physical examination and medical history while others also get ...
Tissue engineering experts discuss orthopaedics applications
...hich urine is excreted from the bladder, that have been
successfully implanted in humans. He has also crea...ls, muscle, bladders, wombs, and vaginas that have been
successfully tested in large animals and are close to being ready to test in humans. Atala's team i...
Nature provides inspiration for important new adhesive
...luding eye and throat irritation. The chemical has been
shown to be a human carcinogen, and in some circum...s and beams in construction. Techniques have also been
explored to create the new adhesives from tree bark or wood decayed by brown rot fungus. Regardless ...
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