Tag: "birth" at medical news
Education program reduces incidents of shaken baby syndrome
...s information at that special time, just after the birth
of their children, appeared to provide a critical reminder that resulted in fewer cases of abuse." The statewide incidence of abusive head injuries in Pennsylvania did not change significantly from 1996 to 2002, suggesting that the reductions in New ...
Six organizations vie for INFORMS 'science of better' innovation prize
...ring universities is shrinking, due to a declining birth
rate. Some private universities cannot utilize their full capacity and many universities are facing financial difficulties. Against this backdrop Nanzan has been expanding and working with its operations research faculty to grow intelligently.Nanzan ...
Hormonal birth control, bacterial infections in women linked to increased shedding of type-2 herpes
...termine if the type of contraceptive (such as oral birth
control pills versus injectable Depo-Provera) affects shedding frequency. The novel finding that some vaginal bacterial infections are also linked to a higher frequency of HSV-2 shedding could be important in controlling the spread of HSV-2. "BV is a...
Institute of Medicine news: Review of HIVNET 012 study
...IV transmission from mother to unborn child during birth
were well-supported, according to a new, independent analysis by the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies. The IOM's analysis of the design and methodology of the 1997 drug study in Uganda, called HIVNET 012, determined that policy-makers...
Easing the anxiety of pregnancy after miscarriage
...cy for most women means joyous anticipation of the birth
of a baby, day-dreaming about the child, preparing...nowledging that the pregnancy may not end with the birth
of a live baby," says Ct-Arsenault. "They cushion themselves against attaching to the new baby. ...
New research reveals working mothers do not adversely impact on children's diets
...sis or to family structure (child living with both birth
parents, a step- or a lone parent). Dr Helen Sweeting, from the MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit at the University of Glasgow, said: : "Most studies tend to find healthier diets among children who eat more meals with their families, so our ...
Newborn's first week may be critical period for developing obesity in adulthood
...rable for infants," he added. "Babies double their birth
weight during the first four to six months. During the first week of life, however, a too-rapid gain in weight may increase the risk of future weight problems." After adjusting for other factors, Dr. Stettler's team found that each additional 100 gra...
Researchers identify marker of heart disease in low-birthweight babies
Some low birth
weight infants have large particles rich in apolip...is is that infants with elevated apo C-1 levels at birth
will have higher apo C-1 levels in childhood and adulthood" Kwiterovich said. "Many people associat...
Pregnant women with epilepsy face dilemma
...leptic drugs is associated with increased risk for birth
defects, physicians weigh this risk against that o...ng pregnancy and have more than 90% chance to give birth
to a perfectly healthy child. It remains unsolved whether risks for birth
defects vary with differen...
Every birth and death must be counted
...ithin and between societies, argues that universal birth
registration is a crucial step in reducing health inequities. Unicef has estimated that a third of babies born each year are not registered--many of these unregistered children have no legal right to health care, education, or the state's protection...
Exclusive breastfeeding reduces risk of mother-to-child HIV transmission
...group, the researchers followed 2,060 infants from birth
to age 2 who were born to HIV-positive mothers. Information about infant feeding was collected at ages 6 weeks, 3 months and 6 months. All infants were breast fed, but were categorized as exclusive (breast milk only), predominant (breast milk and non...
Large-scale study identifies key stress factors facing new mums
...rnal of Advanced Nursing. 861 women who had given birth
during the last six weeks were asked to rate 85 po... heading the list. "The period after a woman gives birth
is a potentially stressful time during which she must face dramatic changes and new demands" says Pr...
Little evidence found for IVF as most effective infertility treatment
...ian and colleagues found no studies comparing live birth
or pregnancy rates between IVF and treatment with clomiphene citrate, or Clomid, a widely used drug that stimulates ovulation. The review included six studies with a total of 1,305 women. All patients included in the studies were part of a couple tha...
Specific behaviors seen in infants can predict autism, new research shows
... The infants, many of whom have been followed from birth
to 24 months, are younger siblings of children who have been diagnosed with autism. Studies show that families with one autistic child have a roughly five to10 percent chance of a second child being diagnosed with autism, a rate of recurrence about...
Breast-cancer risk linked to exposure to traffic emissions at menarche, first birth
..., higher exposure to PAHs at the time of the first birth
was associated with increased risk. Neither assoc... increased risk for exposure at menarche and first birth
for premenopausal and postmenopausal participants, respectively, who were lifetime nonsmokers, there...
HIV treatment not affected by hormonal birth control
Estrogen and progesterone hormones in birth
control do not influence the effectiveness of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), which is used to treat HIV infection, according to researchers from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and other institutions. The study is p...
Routine procedure during childbirth provides no benefits, study review finds
...ng with your doctor about what this aspect of your birth
will be like is to talk about it in advance." Hartmann is assistant professor of obstetrics and gynecology in the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill's School of Medicine and of epidemiology in UNC's School of Public Health. She also directs...
Nutritional advice improves health of children in developing countries
...ers visited the families as soon as possible after birth
and at regular intervals up to the 18 months of age to assess growth, feeding practices, and dietary intake of energy, minerals and vitamins. Caregivers in intervention areas reported receiving nutritional advice from health services more often than...
Asymptomatic HIV-infected newborns may benefit from early drug treatment, Stanford study shows
...e or two antiretroviral drugs within two months of birth
were less likely to develop AIDS by their third birthday than were infants who were 3 or 4 months old when treatment was initiated. Infants who received a combination of three antiretroviral drugs did even better. "This is an important finding becaus...
Earlier treatment of perinatal HIV associated with decreased HIV progression, better outcomes
...7 of whom received no therapy. More recent year of birth
and more advanced therapy were associated with improved survival. "There are few data to guide time to initiation and selection of therapy among young children with perinatal HIV infection. Our novel finding of improved outcomes even with mono/dual A...
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