Tag: "body" at medical news
Asthma patients' immune systems respond differently with allergies
...tes, or white blood cells, that rush to defend the body
against foreign agents. The leukocytes produce cytokines that mediate and regulate immunity and inflammation to an immune stimulus. Because people with asthma and allergy share this common etiological pathway, they show different expressions of the...
More exhaust inhaled by kids inside school buses than by others in the area, says new UC study
...stems are less mature and they inhale more air per body
weight per day. "For every metric ton of pollution emitted by a school bus, the cumulative mass of pollution inhaled by the 40 or so kids on that bus is comparable to, or in many cases larger than, the cumulative mass inhaled by all the other people...
Study: obesity impairs immune response of mice, boosts chances of dying from influenza infection
...t diet high in carbohydrates. The obese mice had a body
fat percentage of 31 percent, compared to 21 percent in the lean mice. "Following influenza infection at five months, which is adulthood for mice, the obese mice demonstrated significantly decreased capacity in every step of the inflammatory immune r...
ACP guidelines to treat obesity cover diet, exercise, drugs and surgery
...ssue of Annals of Internal Medicine. People with a body
mass index (BMI) over 30 might consider drug thera...or sleep apnea, ACP guidelines say. People with a body
mass index from 25-29.9 are considered overweight. Those with BMI from 30-39.9 are considered obese;...
Tip sheet Annals of Internal Medicine, April 5, 2005
...es, p. 525). ACP guidelines apply to patients with body
mass indices (BMIs) over 30. Patients with BMIs over 30 might consider drug therapy. Surgery is reserved for those with BMIs over 40 who also have obesity-related health problems such as high blood pressure, diabetes, or sleep apnea. ACP identifies ...
Metabolic side effects of antipsychotics are known, but rarely monitored
... well as baseline and regular checks of height and body
weight, waist circumference, blood pressure, fasting blood glucose and lipid levels largely goes undone, researchers say of findings being presented during the 10th International Congress on Schizophrenia Research April 2-6 in Savannah, Ga. "What we...
Hormonal birth control, bacterial infections in women linked to increased shedding of type-2 herpes
...f the herpes virus. HSV-2 can remain latent in the body
for some time, but when it becomes active and begins to multiply (a process known as "shedding"), it becomes transmissible to others, particularly through sexual activity. HSV-2 is a common infection--20 to 25 percent of American adults are infected-...
Scientists discover way to control allergic reactions
...ns." There are a number of types of T-cells in the body
including T-helper 1, which are important in autoi... and T-regulatory cells. In allergic diseases, the body
produces too many T-helper 2 cells, and not enough T-regulatory cells. This can result in asthma, ha...
Women with heart attacks benefit from stenting
...n. This was explained by their older age, smaller body
surface area, increased frequency of other disease...n than men. The fact that the women had a smaller body
size and smaller vessels "appears to be a critical factor that confers higher mortality risk in wome...
Vigorously active adolescents are leaner, fitter
... soft tissue (mostly muscle) was used to determine body
fat. Adolescents averaged just five minutes per ...te activity daily. Not surprisingly, boys had less body
fat than girls, says Dr. Gutin. White and black females averaged 29.8 percent body
fat and 30 percen...
Liver may be source of 'good' cholesterol
...thought that HDL formation occurred throughout the body
rather than coming mainly from one organ. They kn...lter our concept of how HDL is manufactured in the body
and establish the liver as the single most important source of HDL in a mouse model," said Parks, a ...
Location of body fat associated with cardiovascular risk even at normal body weight
CHICAGO The distribution of body
fat in older men and women is associated with meta...association between the pattern of distribution of body
fat and metabolic syndrome in 3,035 men and women aged 70 to 79. The distribution of body
fat was de...
Exercise may not be good enough to reduce mild hypertension in older people, Hopkins experts say
...the study period. Measures of aerobic fitness and body
fat were made at the beginning and end of the stud...t they could lift. Improvements were also seen in body
composition, such as increased lean muscle mass and reduced fat, especially fat surrounding the wais...
Technology helps Stanford shed new light on coronary bypass surgery
... involves grafting vessels from other parts of the body
to create alternative conduits of blood flow to the heart. Traditionally the grafts are created from leg veins, but surgeons now frequently use arteries from the forearm and thorax. "When the patient is open in the operating room and the surgeo...
Bad outcomes related to, but not caused by, misdosing of clotbusters in heart attack patients
...lass are determined by a calculation that includes body
weight, which must often be estimated in emergency...er, being African-American, shorter stature, lower body
weight, and lower blood pressure. Specifically, the 30-day mortality rate for those who received a t...
Adverse outcomes from blood clot therapy may be due to patient characteristics, not dosing errors
...ly to be older, female, black, shorter, have lower body
weight and systolic blood pressure, and have a higher Killip class (heart failure measurement) at presentation. Thirty-day mortality was higher in patients who received an overdose (9.8 percent) or underdose (19.5 percent) of alteplase compared with ...
'Nanoshells' simultaneously detect and destroy cancerous cells
...ts because it uses a light source from outside the body
that passes harmlessly through normal tissue and o...e is a prior history of the use of gold inside the body
that makes the safety issues somewhat easier to address," Drezek says. Of course, any new technology...
Too much water may be as dangerous as too little during long-distance athletic events
...ot be optimal for individual athletes of different body
types and with varying degrees of training and heat acclimatization....
Being too clean could be hazardous to your health and the environment
...o not degrade over time and they can accumulate in body
tissues to cause a greater effect. Even low levels of dioxin are a problem because of their tendency to accumulate along the food chain....
Smart plastics change shape with light
..."string" of plastic that a doctor threads into the body
through a tiny incision. When activated by light via a fiber-optic probe, that slender string might change into a corkscrew-shaped stent for keeping blood vessels open. What about staples that open on command, or paper clips that relax as soon as you...
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