Tag: "circuits" at medical news
Feeling safe and secure? CUMC scientists find it's all in the caudoputamen
...system in addition to the brain's well-known fear circuits
that probably malfunctions in some people with an... Most anxiety research focuses on the brain's fear circuits
and it's easy to understand why. Fear, after all, is the problem in anxiety disorders. "When someone...
Two studies offer clues about how alcoholic behavior is 'switched' on
...ine -- a chemical "signaler" in the brain's reward circuits
-- affects drinking behavior in mice and rats. "S...,' but finding ways to modulate the brain's reward circuits
could play a role in developing successful treatments," said Brookhaven's Panayotis (Peter) Thanos, ...
UCI epilepsy researcher receives nation's top neuroscience prize
...ture of the key alterations that occur in neuronal circuits
following head injury, in order to develop new anti-epileptic treatment strategies. A native of Hungary, Soltesz received his doctorate in comparative physiology from L. Eotvos University in Budapest and completed postdoctoral research assignments at...
Nature as important as nurture in developing ability for flexible self-control
...he first to offer an explanation of how the neural circuits
that allow us to apply rules and strategies to new situations develop," Noelle, assistant professor of computer science and psychology, said. "Our model provides an account of how the special properties of certain brain systems combine with life expe...
Scientists observe infectious prion proteins invade and move within brain cells
...nvade a nerve cell and then travel along wire-like circuits
to points of contact with other cells. These findings will help scientists better understand TSE diseases and may lead to ways to prevent or minimize their effects. TSE, or prion, diseases include scrapie in sheep and goats; chronic wasting disease i...
A giant step toward tiny functional nanowires
...ith precision devices ranging from tiny integrated circuits
to gene chips and protein arrays for diagnostics and drug discovery. "With miniaturization happening across so many fields, our existing tools -- our chisels of a sort -- can't control the shapes and spacing of these small structures," said Chad A. ...
Depression linked to previously unknown dopamine regulator
...ategies. The brain's mood, reward, and motivation circuits
are mainly governed by dopamine and have been regarded as potential alternative targets for treating depression. Many of these functions are integrated by the medium spiny neurons of the striatum, which lie below the cortex of the brain and respond t...
Study: Brain structures contribute to asthma
...y was small, it shows how important specific brain circuits
can be in modulating inflammation," says Davidson,...ain. But until now, nobody knew exactly what brain circuits
were involved in these seemingly intertwined emotional and immune events or how the circuits
Autism problems explained in new research
...ctivity in the caudate nucleus, a critical part of circuits
that link the prefrontal cortex of the brain, is r...ave important implications, since prefrontal brain circuits
play a critical role in maintaining and focusing attention, planning and setting goals, and keeping ...
Novel discovery of 'DCDC2' gene associated with dyslexia
...C2 leads to a disruption in the formation of brain circuits
that make it possible to read. This genetic altera... for normal reading." To facilitate reading, brain circuits
need to communicate with each other. In reading disabilities, these circuits
are disrupted. In peopl...
Neurons generated in the adult brain learn to respond to novel stimuli
...r experiments show that new neurons can join brain circuits
and function in complex ways contributing to learning, memory and potentially to motor function and that we may need to retrain the brain to use the new neurons effectively."...
Early experience may shape our sensory perceptions
...rsity School of Medicine. "Knowing how these brain circuits
mature may one day be used to tailor treatment str... results show that multisensory processes in brain circuits
mature slowly, a finding that dovetails with studies showing that perceptual processes are similarly...
Research reveals likely connection between early-life stress and teenage mental health problems
...s that occur with puberty interact with the neural circuits
whose function is modulated by early-life stress, but identifying such potential mechanisms will take further work. We are encouraged that the nonhuman primate model will allow this type of study." Another issue that has been raised in clinical studi...
UCI wins $2.4 million grant to study how brain understands language
...s project will help us better understand how brain circuits
can do what computers circuits
so far cannot." It is estimated that acquired language disorders, also known as aphasia, affect appr...
Stanford study of owls finds link in brain between sight and sound
... of how this works." The study determined that the circuits
in the brain that process auditory information are influenced powerfully by the circuits
that control where the animal is looking-the animal's direction of gaze. "The ability to hear and th...
Emory study lights up the political brain
...udy. "What we saw instead was a network of emotion circuits
lighting up, including circuits
hypothesized to be involved in regulating emotion, and circuits
known to be involved in resolving co...
Numerical processing similar in children and adults, brain scans reveal
...hematics at an early age, and that the same neural circuits
that perform basic math at an early age continue to process mathematical information over the whole course of development, into adulthood," she said. "Our ability to scan very young children combined with the design of the experiment were the keys to...
Oops! Researchers publish new findings on the brain's response to costly mistakes
...andle on this condition and see which normal brain circuits
have gone awry in people with OCD." The new finding does not have immediate implications for the treatment of OCD, Taylor cautions, but further research could help lead to more tailored treatment designed for each patient. The research team hopes to ...
Study shows schizophrenia limits understanding of body language
...rt social perception abilities. "The idea of other circuits
taking over the brain for specific mental capacities is not new. There's some degree of redundancy in the brain so that when a specific faculty is affected another part of the brain attempts to take over. It may occur in people who have had a stroke,...
Erotic images elicit strong response from brain
...ged very quickly, suggesting that different neural circuits
may be involved in the processing of erotic images...cessing, Anokhin says it's not clear exactly which circuits
are reacting to these visual scenes. Recent studies in primates recorded the electrical activity of ...