Tag: "comparison" at medical news
Elsevier announces a new publishing partnership with the American Association of Endodontists
...t publishes scientific articles, case reports, and comparison
studies evaluating materials and methods of pulp conservation and endodontic treatment. 2006 marks its 33rd year of publication. Members of the American Association of Endodontists and subscribers will continue to receive the print version of the J...
Impotency drugs may be associated with increased risk of optic nerve damage
...ted and did not have the condition, were used as a comparison
group. All the patients were asked about their lif... to have taken the impotency drugs than men in the comparison
group. But men who had had a heart attack were 10 times more likely to have optic nerve damage if th...
Aspirin reduces cardiovascular risks in men and women -- but differently
...al, 51,342 were women. The trials all involved the comparison
of low-dose aspirin versus placebo for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease. The analysis revealed that aspirin conferred a 12 percent reduction in risk in cardiovascular events for women, and a 14 percent reduction for men. "Our findings...
NFL players show more rapid recovery from concussions than high school players
...urgery. The study is the first to provide a direct comparison
of neurocognitive recovery in professional and you...season baseline test and store the data to use for comparison
to post-injury test scores, if the athlete should sustain a concussion during the season. Among the ...
Erectile dysfunction may warn of heart disease
.... "As the penile arteries are relatively small in comparison
with the coronary arteries," the authors write, "they may be more prone to cause ED with even comparatively small amounts of atherosclerosis." They caution that there are a number of potential causes for erectile dysfunction, including emotional or p...
Study on hypertension indicates racial disparity among Hispanics
...ing black that makes the difference? "This kind of comparison
could help tease out the effect of race as a marker for inequality in opportunities and, further, as a cause for existing health disparities," Dr. Borrell said of these findings. According to Dr. Borrell, hypertension has been found to be associated ...
Even with more free time, women feel no less rushed, study finds
...sed for women between 1975 and 1998, especially in comparison
to men. In 1975, women and men had similar amounts of free time, but by 1998 a 30-minute per day gender gap had opened, with women having less leisure time than men. "Women worked more hours in paid employment in 1998 than they did in 1975," Sayer ...
Hypertension data may mask racial disparities among Hispanics
...ng black that makes the difference?" "This kind of comparison
could help tease out the effect of race as a marker for inequality in opportunities and, further, as a cause for existing health disparities," Borrell said of her work. Williams and Borrell said they believe hypertension is driven, in part, by the pa...
Infant transplant patients resist infections that kill adult AIDS patients
...T cell response to select viral immunization. This comparison
enabled them to see that infant heart transplant patients had more help from the immune system post transplant -- even though some had a 10,000-fold reduction in T cells -- compared to the healthy control group. The nature of the compensating system ...
Significant number of emphysema patients would find lasting benefit from lung surgery
...lower ability to exercise did after the surgery in comparison
to similar patients in the study who did not undergo surgery. "Based on our earlier findings, we knew those with upper-lobe emphysema would see some improvement," Naunheim says. "We now know (the low exercise group) saw the most improvement in abili...
Course of bipolar disorder in youths described for the first time
...t a diagnosis of a manic or depressive episode. In comparison
to adults with bipolar disorder, researchers found that children and adolescents experienced faster cycling between symptomatic periods. Adults may go months to years between cycles, where as in children, the researchers found the lapse of time to be...
Low-fat diet's benefits for women less than expected, Stanford researcher says
...gs of grains. The remaining 60 percent served as a comparison
group and did not change their diet. Although the primary hypotheses of protective effects of a low-fat diet on breast and colorectal cancer failed the test, the WHI researchers pointed out that the majority of women assigned to the low-fat diet didn...
Preemies defy odds and overcome difficulties by adulthood: Study
...dulthood of extremely low birth-weight infants, in comparison
to a group of normal birth-weight children. The m...rth weight cohort was significantly compromised in comparison
with their peers. Our study should provide hope to parents for an equivalent, if not a better, futu...
Risk of cardiovascular disease or stroke not significantly decreased with low-fat diet
...d not significantly differ in the intervention vs. comparison
groups. The researchers found that the diet had no significant effects on incidence of CHD, stroke, CVD, or heart attack. Trends toward greater reductions in CHD risk were observed in those with lower intakes of saturated fat or trans fat or higher i...
ELBW infants appear to be reaching functional outcomes as young adults similar to NBW infants
...hood of former ELBW infants followed from birth in comparison
to a group of normal birth-weight (NBW) children, ...d the ELBW cohort was significantly compromised in comparison
with their peers," the authors write. "Our study should provide hope to parents for an equivalent, i...
Large study shows low-fat diet has little effect on reducing risk of breast cancer
...intervention group (40 percent, n = 19,541) or the comparison
group, who were not asked to make dietary modifica...ention group and 1,072 (3.66 percent) women in the comparison
group developed invasive breast cancer during follow-up. "Among postmenopausal women, a low-fat di...
Low-fat diet does not reduce risk of colorectal cancer
...e intervention group and 279 (0.12 percent) in the comparison
group. The WHI low-fat eating pattern intervention did not reduce the risk of invasive colorectal cancers. There was no evidence of reduced risk for any category of colorectal cancer outcome associated with the intervention. "Evidence from this stud...
Study finds room for improvement in angioplasty, shows what can be done to cut risks
...related to their hearts and kidneys. At the seven comparison
hospitals, the researchers looked at data from 10,...e five other hospitals. All seven hospitals in the comparison
group are now part of the quality-improvement project. "The technology used in these procedures has...
Findings advance use of adult stem cells for replacement bone
...deposit that gives bone its structural strength. A comparison
was then run on these pre-generated ECM constructs and on non-treated titanium scaffolds. The pre-treated surfaces encouraged calcification at a much faster rate. The researchers also found up to 75 times more calcium in the bone created by tissues i...
Daily diet of grapefruit minimizes risk factor for heart disease
...reduce the levels of cholesterol in their blood in comparison
to patients who do not eat the fruit, a new study has found. Chronic high blood cholesterol is a major risk factor for heart disease. The study was conducted by a group of scientists under the leadership of Dr. Shela Gorinstein of the Hebrew Univers...
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