Tag: "computer" at medical news
New national effort seeks a more rational organ allocation system for kidney transplants
...e to misplacement or mismatches. The Next Step A computer
model is testing some proposed changes that surfaced during the open hearing process. The data from these tests, coupled with hearing input, will be forwarded to the UNOS board to help guide any allocation formula changes. Says Dr. Stegall, "The key ...
Computed tomography has potential to offer accurate, safer method for detecting artery disease
..., taking numerous images of the body in seconds. A computer
processes this information into three-dimensional images composing volumetric representations of anatomy. The coronary arteries can be extracted from these images and are presented in arbitrarily oriented sectional cuts. This procedure eliminates muc...
Mayo Clinic creates 'Office of the Future'
...on a moving treadmill that serves as both desk and computer
platform. "The idea is to introduce an environment...lean, sunny, open space with 10 Plexiglas standing computer
desks, complete with variable-speed treadmills. There are no desk phones or wall phones. All employe...
When it comes to politics, reactions are often instant
... A "prime" word such as DEMOCRATS was flashed on a computer
screen followed by a "target" word such as Cancer. The student subject had to decide if the second (target) word had a positive or negative connotation. The subject was not asked to judge on a relationship between the two words. Latency time from ...
Boston University psychologists find neurological mechanism for subliminal learning
...rception tests. Initially, participants watched a computer
screen as a series of letters flashed by and were ...Participants were next exposed to a similar set of computer
screens, this time with the fraction of the moving dots faded to just below the level of human perce...
New haptics systems challenge stroke patients to grasp, pinch, squeeze their way to recovery
... interfaces that add the sense of touch to virtual computer
environments -- in development at the University o...objects, said Shih-Ching Yeh and Weirong Zhu, both computer
programmers and graduate students in the Annenberg School of Communications. The interface works l...
Fluorescence device to diagnose atherosclerosis and tumors described at optics conference
...ted, a spectrometer, a digital oscilloscope, and a computer
workstation that provides user interface, coordination of components and interpretation software. While the components are now small enough to fit on a portable cart that can be taken into an operating room, additional studies on miniaturization of c...
Study supports whooping cough booster shot for adolescents
...t and adult vaccination with 10-year boosters. The computer
simulation model used incorporated existing data on pertussis incidence, disease outcomes, vaccine efficacy, vaccine costs, and side effects. (The Department of Ambulatory Care and Prevention is a unique research and teaching collaboration between Ha...
Newly published summer camp health guideline advises parents, camp directors
...s camping, horseback riding -- or intense music or computer
practice. If an activity raises risk for kids with certain medical conditions, for instance scuba diving and asthma, camps should tell parents about those risks ahead of time. Homesickness prevention, the authors write, should start weeks before a c...
UIC developing drug for SARS
...called structure-based drug design. He will create computer
images of each enzyme coupled with compounds anticipated to obstruct the pockets, revealing whether and how tightly the molecules fit in the space. If the fit is poor, he can explore a library of alternative molecules that might meet the chemical and...
Johns Hopkins team finds 'ancestral' hepatitis-C virus at the root of evolution in infections
...ingle donor unaware of having the illness. Using computer
analysis techniques developed at Hopkins, the scientists mapped these changes against the genetic makeup of the women's immune response. The researchers found that when viral mutations were clustered in epitopes specific to each woman's immune syste...
New technology can boost bottom lines for US hospitals
... paper." The electronic paper is a tablet personal computer
(PC). The tablet PC captures clinical documentation immediately by software that is incorporated into the workflow practices of physicians. Compliance+ TM immediately transmits the physician information throughout the hospital system to those indivi...
$3.68 millon grant to boost public health 'informatics'
...cs is the practice of integrating state-of-the-art computer
technology for managing knowledge and information to enhance the work of public health professionals and others. The Foundation for the National Institutes of Health will receive the money from RWJF. The National Library of Medicine, a part of the Na...
Digital mammography does not improve breast cancer detection rates, study finds
... X-ray film. The pictures are stored directly in a computer
system, where they can be enhanced, magnified or shared. The digital devices were first approved for marketing in the United States in 2000. Three large trials of the technology have been completed, with several thousand women receiving digital mammo...
Study explains why up to eight percent of cancers go undetected
...ancer using positron emission tomography (PET) and computer
tomography (CT) technology. The scan came back negative, but the patient then complained of a problem with his leg. Osman, director of PET Imaging at Saint Louis University Hospital and assistant professor of nuclear medicine at Saint Louis Universi...
New memory aid helps dementia sufferers remember as time goes by
...ve memory aid. Based on an interactive multimedia computer
system and a clearer understanding of how dementia sufferers respond to social situations, the aid aims to stimulate more enjoyable, rewarding conversation between sufferers and those who care for them. With funding from the Engineering and Physical...
Northwestern Memorial Hospital installs 64-Slice CT scanner, now available for clinical use
... better the speed and resolution of the picture. A computer
then uses these slices to reconstruct highly detailed, 3-D images of the heart, other organs, and blood vessels throughout the body. In most cases, a patient is injected with a contrast solution to increase the visual detail. "Within just the last fe...
New computer program uses brain scans to assess risk of Alzheimer's
...cine researchers have developed a brain scan-based computer
program that quickly and accurately measures metab...in the Department of Psychiatry, who developed the computer
program and led the new study. "Although our findings need to be replicated in other studies," she s...
Researchers discover 'window on the brain' that could help treat disorders
...oblem recently drew acclaim from the international computer
science community. The researchers' paper describi...equired a good merger of physics, neuroscience and computer
science." The paper's authors included Salman, Turovets, Malony, computational physicist Jeff Erikse...
NYU, Salk Institute neuroscientists offer new path for measuring visual responses to complex images
...visual world point-by-point--much like pixels on a computer
screen render images. The cerebral cortex plays a fundamental role in this process by converting the "pixellated" representation into meaningful image components, such as lines, edges, and motions. Historically, researchers have sought to map out thi...
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