Tag: "controls" at medical news
Location, location, location!
...rd), researchers have begun to learn how the brain controls
decision-making and goal-oriented behaviors. Examples of these include foraging and navigation in animals and--in humans--whether to buy a particular second home or, in general, whether to favor a long-term benefit over immediate gratification. Led...
MRI scans in premature infants can predict future developmental delays
...mple, if a lesion is in the area of the brain that controls
fine and gross motor skills, the risk is higher that the child will have some type of developmental delay in movement. Pediatricians would then know that the child would benefit from immediate physical therapy, Inder said. "We can use these results t...
Link between autism and abnormal blood-vessel function and oxidative stress
...istic children who were similar in age and healthy controls
were provided by the Pfeiffer Treatment Center (www.hriptc.org/), where patients were diagnosed with autism disorder and evaluated. Patients were excluded from analysis if they had ever received anti-oxidant treatments or medicine with any known anti...
JCI table of contents: August 10, 2006
...al role for FoxO1 in metabolic disease Insulin controls
in part how we metabolize both carbohydrates (gluc...O1 as the shared element in insulin signaling that controls
both fat and glucose metabolism. They show that FoxO1 can have seemingly opposite effects on metabol...
Transcendental Meditation reduces the brain's reaction to pain
...2; 21 August 2006:1359-1363). Further, when the 12 controls
then learned and practiced Transcendental Meditation for 5 months, their brain responses to pain also decreased by a comparable 40-50%. www.neuroreport.com Current issue (Aug 9) Transcendental Meditation could reduce the brain's response to pain b...
Brain chemical plays critical role in drinking and anxiety
...e UIC researchers had first identified a gene that controls
anxiety and alcohol consumption. "We knew that gene, called CREB, controls
the expression of a number of important genes in the brain," said Dr. Subhash Pandey, professor of p...
Children and teens taking antidepressants might be more likely to attempt, complete suicide
...ts). They then matched each case with one to five controls
based on demographic information, period following...ted with an SSRI antidepressant than their matched controls
(39 controls, 37.5 percent vs. 7.7 percent). Among adults age 19 to 64 years, however, treatment wi...
Mayo Clinic links allergies to Parkinson's disease
...erve cells (neurons) in the part of the brain that controls
muscle movement. People with Parkinson's disease often experience trembling, muscle rigidity, difficulty walking, and problems with balance and coordination. These symptoms generally develop after age 50, although the disease also affects a small per...
Imaging study may help point toward more effective smoking cessation treatments
...of these nicotine receptors), the brainstem (which controls
various automatic functions, such as respiration, heart rate, and arousal), and the cerebellum (the portion of the brain responsible for the coordination of movement and balance). Results of another recently published NIDA-supported study suggest tha...
Ninety-eight percent of Gaza's children experience or witness war trauma -- Queen's study
...ed territory for a long time, and still is; Israel controls
its borders, its air and water access. It has been described as a vast open-air detention centre" says Queen's community health and epidemiology researcher John Pringle. "Bombs are being launched into Gaza during this latest eruption of Middle East v...
Pigeons provide clue to solving common problem in heart patients
...lasty. "We identified a regulator of genes that controls
the growth of artery smooth muscle cells," said William Wagner, Ph.D., senior researcher. "Learning to modulate the uncontrolled growth of these cells could potentially solve the problem of vessels re-closing after angioplasty." The work is reporte...
Carotid stenting the new anti-depressant?
...h carotid stenosis and 102 age- and gender-matched controls
with peripheral artery disease (PAD) scheduled to undergo lower-limb angioplasty, a surgical procedure. All patients were tested for depressive symptoms based on the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). BDI scores of 10 or above indicate substantial depr...
W.M. Keck Foundation announces 2006 class of Distinguished Young Scholars in Medical Research
...se-Boyd studies an enzyme, HMG CoA reductase, that controls
the production of cholesterol and is the direct target for cholesterol-lowering drugs such as Zocor and Lipitor. His work has revealed an elegant mechanism by which this enzyme is rapidly destroyed when sterols build up in liver cells. His research m...
Matrilin-3 gene discovered to prevent onset of osteoarthritis
...lin-3 gene plays a role in early bone development, controls
bone mineral density in adulthood and prevents osteoarthritis later in life. Mutations in matrilin-3 have previously been linked to certain skeletal disorders and hand osteoarthritis. But this study, reported in the cover article of the August iss...
Researchers demonstrate potential mechanism of food allergy
...a combination. They were matched to five pediatric controls
with no food allergies. "Based on the results of our study, we intend to conduct larger scale trials of patients with food allergic disorder to determine how CD23 in the stool correlates with clinical findings," according to Dr. Berin. "We hope ...
Aspirin and other NSAIDs may not reduce the risk of colorectal cancer in long-term smokers
...than controls, and NSAID use was more common among controls
than cases. Researchers from the Mayo Clinic College of Medicine collaborated on the study....
Abuse liability study results of lisdexamfetamine dimesylate (NRP104) presented at CPDD
...mine dimesylate compared to placebo and two active controls
(d-amphetamine sulfate 40 mg, a Schedule II stimulant, and diethylpropion HCl 200 mg, a Schedule IV stimulant) in thirty-six volunteers with histories of stimulant abuse. In this double-blind, randomized, placebo and active cross-over study, lisdexa...
New fruit fly protein illuminates circadian response to light
... treatments of jetlag. The body's 24-hour clock controls
a multitude of internal functions such as periods ...uring exposure to constant light for one week, the controls
developed a disrupted sleep pattern after a few days, while the mutants maintained a regular circadi...
Memory loss affects more of the brain than previously thought
...erly patients with amnestic MCI and 20 age-matched controls
with no memory impairment during a memory task that tested memory formation and retrieval. "It's like doing a treadmill test for heart patients, except this test puts your brain on a treadmill," Dr. Petrella said. The test required 40 patients to re...
New ACC/AHA guidelines released for valvular heart disease
...disease most often strikes the mitral valve, which controls
blood flow between the left atrium and the left ve..., or the aortic valve (most prevalent type), which controls
blood flow between the left ventricle and the aorta, the large artery that supplies blood to the res...
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