Tag: "cytokines" at medical news

Asthma patients' immune systems respond differently with allergies

...dy against foreign agents. The leukocytes produce cytokines that mediate and regulate immunity and inflammatio...rested in studying the different response of these cytokines in asthma patients when they were and were not experiencing allergies. The study involved 10 patient...

Study: obesity impairs immune response of mice, boosts chances of dying from influenza infection

...with influenza virus begins with the production of cytokines whose function is to control the spread of infecti...ey were most needed. "There were no differences in cytokines important in T cell activation," Beck said. "However, there were differences in chemokine expression...

A possible new phase for rheumatoid arthritis treatment

...ile of T cell, macrophage and stromal cell related cytokines in synovial fluid. This finding of a distinct pha...nel of T cell, macrophage and stromal cell related cytokines and chemokines in synovial fluid samples from inflamed joints of these patients with very early arth...

Three UCSD scholars elected to prestigious National Academy of Sciences

... elements that mediate gene induction by hormones, cytokines and stress, identification and characterization of the transcription factors that recognize these elements and the protein kinase cascades that regulate their activities. They join current 64 members of the UCSD faculty who previously have been named...

Autism conference reports advances in early diagnosis, role of immune system and more

...havior. Scientists say the potential connection of cytokines to autism is an intriguing area of research that warrants further investigation. Genetics Autism has a strong genetic component, and estimates are that five to 20 genes are likely involved in the condition. Some of these genes may be responsible...

Children with autism have distinctly different immune system reactions compared to typical children

...chers saw lower levels of protein molecules called cytokines in the group with autism. Cytokines function as me...e varied cytokine levels: Higher levels of certain cytokines and lower levels of others. According to Van de Water and Ashwood, these studies illustrate that u...

Research suggests molecular approaches to brain tumor treatment

...The new study examined the role of proteins called cytokines in augmenting the amount of IL-13 receptor expressed by tumor cells. The use of these cytokines may improve treatment of glioblastoma cells by increasing the levels of IL-13 receptor in brain tumo...

Study suggests antibiotic may limit or prevent vision problems caused by diabetes

... to show that in early diabetes elevated levels of cytokines activate microglia, which produce neurotoxins and ... of diabetes, the team compared the mRNA levels of cytokines in the retinas of rats with diabetes to healthy rats. Increasing mRNA levels are an indicator of inc...

Newly discovered 'branding' process helps immune system cells pick their fights

.... T cells kill pathogens or produce molecules like cytokines that stop their growth. Scientists have known for some time that a second class of innate immune system cells known as antigen-presenting cells helps T cells determine what to attack. They do this by displaying fragments of proteins they have picked...

Researchers discover novel pathway of inflammation that contributes to lung damage in CF patients

...iotics, such as pneumocystis. The investigation of cytokines is also leading to better understanding of their role in inflammation in the lungs of patients with cystic fibrosis. Dr. Kolls said, "I think that if we can understand the inflammation processes, we can make an impact on their lives." Dr. Kolls and h...

The end of daylight savings time may harm your oral health

...nflammatory cytokine production. (Proinflammatory cytokines are molecules that have destructive effects throughout the body.) "Periodontal disease increases the production of cytokines, but it has been demonstrated that vitamin D can suppress cytokine production, and possibly decrease the risk of periodontal...

New immune cell found to be a key to inflammatory diseases

...Although TH1 and TH2 are known to produce powerful cytokines - such as interferon-gamma (IFN-g) and allergy-associated interleukin 4 (IL-4), respectively - they are not inflammatory or associated with production of IL-17, which sets off an errant immune response that results in tissue inflammation. Researchers...

High fat diet alters hepatic immune system in mice

...in the liver where they regulate the production of cytokines (cell proteins). A previous study of leptin-deficient obese mice noted depleted levels of NKT cells. However, since obese humans have increased leptin levels, the researchers were not sure if their findings in mice were relevant to human fatty liver ...

Slacker or sick?

... Professions. The study, "Increase in inflammatory cytokines in median nerves in a rat model of repetitive moti...y repetitive work can be blamed on an onslaught of cytokines -- proteins that help start inflammation. These cytokines, known also to spark symptoms of malaise,...

Contradictory immune responses explain different therapeutic effects in rheumatoid arthritis

...have discovered that protein growth factors called cytokines in the immune system have both pro- and anti-infla...nts are based on new knowledge about in-flammatory cytokines growth factor-like proteins that stimulate the autoimmune process. Scien-tists have hypothesized th...

Bird flu virus triggers worse inflammation in human lung cells than human flu viruses

...for other chemokines and cytokines. Chemokines and cytokines are the "messengers of the immune system" and are critical in coordinating and regulating the immune response. Altering this balance is likely to lead to an uncontrolled inflammatory response in the lung and probably explains, at least in part, the s...

Drug not effective in preventing bypass vein clogging

...These cells secrete a variety of proteins known as cytokines that modulate the immune response. These cytokines cause inflammation that intensifies the process of atherosclerosis in the newly formed tissue. The f...

TRAF3 protein is a key part of the early immune response to viruses

...e production of proteins called cytokines. Various cytokines regulate different biological functions that are i... and protection against viruses. In addition, some cytokines contain anti-inflammatory activities, which curb potentially harmful inflammation. The researchers ...

Antibody therapy promising for pediatric neuroblastoma

...hat attack those tagged cells, and proteins called cytokines that stimulate the T lymphocytes. A report on these preclinical studies appears in the December 1 issue of Clinical Cancer Research. The St. Jude strategy represents an improvement on a similar technique that showed great promise during clinical tria...

People who restrict calories have 'younger' hearts

...evels of C-reactive protein and other inflammatory cytokines may indicate that caloric restriction helps to reduce damage from chronic inflammation in the body. "It is well known that overweight and obese people have a low-grade chronic inflammatory state. This is due to the fact that hypertrophic fat cells c...

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(Date:10/18/2014)... a sample of patients with undiagnosed, suspected genetic conditions, ... with a higher molecular diagnostic yield than traditional molecular ... JAMA . The study is being released to coincide ... , Exome sequencing, which sequences the protein­coding region of ... material present in a cell or organism), has been ...
(Date:10/16/2014)... wages war on the human body. Battles are ... In pancreatic cancer, this stalemate—known as tumor dormancy—can ... malignant, a phenomena that is poorly understood. ... laboratory of Salvatore Torquato, a Professor of Chemistry ... surrounding tumor dormancy and the switch to a ...
(Date:10/16/2014)... respiratory tract infections and worldwide claims the lives ... and Ghent University have succeeded in developing a ... infection. , Xavier Saelens (VIB/UGent): "We discovered ... for the development of a novel approach to ... in numerous small children and elderly people." , ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Study examines type of exome sequencing and molecular diagnostic yield 2Study examines type of exome sequencing and molecular diagnostic yield 3Modeling tumor dormancy 2New perspectives for development of an RSV vaccine 2
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