Tag: "damage" at medical news
Hold the Hookah: Researcher warns against trendy tobacco use
...monstrates that the amount of cellular chromosomal damage
produced inside the mouth is the same as that seen...s respiratory tract than cigarette smoke does. The damage
could be even worse than seen in cigarette smokers, but we haven't done studies long enough to quant...
Mouse study reveals new clues about virulence of 1918 influenza virus
... victim autopsy samples show extreme and extensive damage
to lung tissues. This observation gave rise to the hypothesis that the 1918 flu virus infection provoked an uncontrolled inflammatory response leading to rapid lung failure and death. To test this idea, Dr. Tumpey infected mice intranasally with o...
Cancer drug may be remedy for rheumatoid arthritis, Stanford study finds
...d signs of disease; they may also continue to have damage
to their joints or develop side effects that make continued use of such therapies impossible. Thus, new approaches are needed. Bill Robinson, MD, PhD, assistant professor of medicine and the study's senior author, led a team that set out to find dr...
Clinical trial shows islet transplantation is a promising procedure
...e or more complications, such as heart disease and damage
to the eyes, nerves and kidneys. Healthy individ...rugs can have serious side effects, such as kidney damage
and vulnerability to infection. For these reasons, pancreas transplantation is almost always reserve...
Microscopic brain damage detected in early Alzheimer's disease
...ided analysis technique to identify early cellular damage
in Alzheimer's disease (AD). The study is featured...leading to brain atrophy. This process of cellular damage
causes an increase in the "apparent diffusion coefficient," or ADC, which is a measurement used to s...
AIDS study challenges conventional treatment guidelines for HIV patients
...ugh understanding of the mechanisms of HIV-induced damage
to the immune system and for the design of strateg... at indirect processes though which HIV can induce damage
to the immune system, which cannot be adequately captured by measuring HIV levels in the blood....
Safer suntans through science
...ducts to achieve a tan look without risking the UV damage
that causes skin cancer and wrinkles. However, sun...arker skin that is naturally more resistant to sun damage
because the melanin which is actually part of the epidermis acts as a wonderful natural sunscreen ag...
Heartburn drug may help to slow progression of chronic heart failure
... cause heartburn and create ulcers also appears to damage
and weaken diseased hearts. Blocking this process with the drug famotidine (Pepcid) may help to slow the progression of chronic heart failure (CHF). The research, conducted by the National Cardiovascular Center in Suitra, Japan, appears in the Oct....
Laser probe of a brain pigment's anatomy may offer insight into Parkinson's disease
...ular structure could help protect brain cells from damage
in several ways, Ito wrote in his commentary. Having eumelanin at their surfaces would protect the granules with a pigment known to efficiently bind iron and other molecules that could otherwise play a role in oxidative damage. If the underlying co...
$36.4 billion a year: Cost of HIV/AIDS highlights racial and ethnic disparities
...$180,900 for whites), but suffer greater financial damage
from lost productivity ($838,000 for Hispanics and $766,800 for blacks on average, compared with $661,100 for whites). The differences, according to Hutchinson, reflect disparities in treatment. Minorities are, on average, diagnosed at later stage...
Risk factors linked to pain after breast cancer surgery
...cute, post-operative pain. Most pain stems from damage
to the intercostal brachial nerve, which runs under the arm and rib cage. But many other triggers exist as well: scarring, post-operative radiation therapy, some chemotherapy drugs, and the unusual sensations often associated with phantom pain. Pai...
St. Jude finds clues to hearing loss from chemotherapy
...the ears of children who suffer ototoxicity (toxic damage
to the inner ear due to chemotherapy) and eventual...m exposure to loud music--which are similar to the damage
that occurs in children receiving chemotherapy," Zuo said. The mouse models of hearing loss were pro...
Jefferson scientists find boosting protein levels staves off heart failure
...e normal helped protect animal hearts from further damage
after simulated heart attacks. In some cases, the animals' heart function hardly changed at all. At the same time, other animals with heart cells lacking the gene for the protein couldn't handle the stress of a heart blockage; they went on to develop...
Political commitment and strong health systems needed to control tropical worm disease
... of disease, symptoms may include diarrhoea, liver damage
and portal hypertension, or bloody urine, and bladder/kidney damage. Wide-scale drug treatment combined with socio-economic progress has greatly reduced the impact of schistosomiasis in middle-income countries such as Egypt, China, Brazil, the Phil...
'Meth mouth' can leave users toothless
... is a powerfully addictive drug that can seriously damage
oral health, destroying a person's smile and natural ability to chew, according to the American Dental Association (ADA). More than 12-million Americans have tried methamphetamine (also known as meth, crank, crystal and speed), which can be swallowe...
Coronary surgery -- keeping the way clear
...uccessfully held open. This procedure often causes damage
to the artery wall; scar tissue forms around the stent and blocks the artery. The current technology consists in coating the stent with a biodegradable polymer bound with a drug to control this unwanted cell growth. Less drug needed The major pro...
'Egg on your face' may be more dangerous than you think
...n the eye, and raised internal pressure, which can damage
the optic nerve and cause permanent loss of eyesight, and damage
to the macula. Twelve patients recovered, one of whom needed major surgery to do so. The authors c...
Hopkins study reveals white blood cells can both hurt and help transplanted kidneys
...rony, the same white blood cell chemistry known to damage
kidneys used for transplants may also help prevent...re-implant a donor kidney and other kinds of organ damage
in which certain toxic chemicals are needed to clean up or remove bad tissue. But in the new study...
Can a vitamin alleviate chronic, progressive multiple sclerosis?
...idence that nicotinamide may protect against nerve damage
in the chronic progressive phase, when the most se... insulating myelin coating, and degeneration. This damage
disrupts nerves' ability to conduct electrical impulses to and from the brain, causing such symptoms...
MRIs made safe for people with modern defibrillators and pacemakers
...nths to six months to look for any post-test heart damage
or changes in the devices' programming. Patients were disqualified from testing if they had any leads placed on the surface of the heart or leads that were capped with metal, and therefore not connected to the battery and at greater risk of overh...
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