Tag: "decisions" at medical news
Urban neighborhoods affect how people think about health
...I wanted to know whether poor people's health-care decisions
are affected by neighborhood poverty and if they d...es an in-depth look at economic costs incurred and decisions
faced by the working poor in Gary, Ind. The book will be released this summer. "It is more difficult...
Largest NIH grant for NYU will create research network in dental practices
...dentists are frustrated by having to make clinical decisions
everyday in practice that do not have a sufficient scientific basis. For example, "What should be the appropriate follow-up interval for a specific procedure or disease? Is it necessary to use a particular course of antibiotics? "Is an over-the-count...
BI-RADS lexicon for ultrasound useful for differentiating benign from malignant solid masses
...y basis. "It is important for radiologists making decisions
about biopsy recommendations to base those decisions
on science rather than gestalt. For example, we are taught in general that margins that appear circ...
ACP guidelines to treat obesity cover diet, exercise, drugs and surgery
...fluxotine. When patients and clinicians are making decisions
about use of these drugs, ACP recommends frank discussions about potential side effects and lack of long-term efficacy and safety data. (Most weight-loss drugs have no studies beyond one year.) Further, the average weight loss at one year is small to...
Belgium doctors treating critically ill infants favour legalising euthanasia
...ctors are increasingly confronted with end-of-life decisions
in critically ill babies and infants. Little is known about the frequency of end-of-life decisions
in this population, the clinical and demographic characteristics of these patients, and the attitude...
Competition in health care may not result in better quality
... remains voluntary, consumers cannot make informed decisions
if comparable data for plans is not available," Scanlon says. "Therefore, health plan report cards should list those plans that don't make public disclosures." For-profit plans performed similarly with not-for-profit plans as well, the study says. Th...
ACP releases 5th Edition of its respected ethics manual
...ine, end-of-life care, physician-assisted suicide, decisions
about reproduction, managed care ethics, and resea... ethical framework to help physicians make complex decisions
related to clinical practice and medical research in a changing environment," said William E. Golden...
APA applauds new California regulations for inpatient psychological services
... a member of the hospital medical staff, including decisions
on when to admit, transfer, and discharge patients. The new regulations are a result of longstanding efforts by organized psychology to enforce laws already on the books. The new regulations resulted from recent negotiations between DHS and Psycholog...
MR spectroscopy may be superior for determining prostate cancer prognosis
...ation with their patients, to make better-informed decisions
on the next steps to take," says Leo L. Cheng, PhD, of the MGH Radiology and Pathology Departments, the report's lead author. Since the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test became widely used to screen for prostate cancer, tumor detection rates have...
Mercury levels and cognitive function investigated in adults
...ion. This study may help policy makers with future decisions
about mercury emissions from power plants as well as fish consumption recommendations for older adults. The study is published in the April 20, 2005, issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA). "Our study provides no evidence to ...
Heart failure drug associated with higher risk of death
...ss rigorous and less reliable. Therefore, clinical decisions
need to rest on the understanding that these, the best data available, suggest that nesiritide is likely to be associated with important risk," says Sackner-Bernstein. Co-investigator Keith Aaronson, M.D., associate professor of cardiovascular medici...
Genetic screening for iron blood disorder feasible in the workplace
...udes: "Health economic considerations are vital to decisions
regarding screening programmes. An economic analysis of this programme is currently ongoing. If genetic screening is shown to be cost-effective, it should be implemented since hereditary haemochromatosis can be prevented by simple measures and, as sh...
Every birth and death must be counted
...ems, so that countries have better data for making decisions
about health. In addition to the tenet that each person matters--and so births and deaths must be counted--Bambas argues that there are three other key human rights principles that can guide efforts to reduce health inequities: Everyone should ha...
Managed care organizations evaluate trends in epilepsy to provide better care
...ng these trends and were useful in making informed decisions
affecting the health care needs and quality of life for epilepsy patients. "It is possible in MCOs to identify prevalent and incident cases from existing management information systems data for monitoring disease burden and developing disease managem...
Direct-to-consumer advertising may influence physicians' prescribing decisions
...-related requests on physicians' initial treatment decisions
in patients with depressive symptoms. The patients were middle-aged, white, non-obese women, most with professional acting experience. They were trained to portray six roles. They were representing two clinical conditions: symptoms consistent wit...
UK politicians failing to address low morale among doctors
...ervice", one in which the patient takes control of decisions
about the prescription of medicines and the selection of surgical procedures. Yet this attitude is manifest nonsense. If doctors have any role at all--and perhaps they do not in Dr Reid's world view--it is to establish a partnership with the patient....
Tools for diagnosing heart attack could be inaccurate in some populations
...ecause they allow doctors to make "evidence-based" decisions
based on age, gender, health history, questions about chest pain and an electrocardiogram. "These tools have mostly been tested in an American, mixed-race population of patients. For example, a typical study population may be comprised of 60 percen...
American Thoracic Society journal news tips for May 2005 (first issue)
...50 percent), whose relative died after end-of-life decisions
(60 percent) and who shared in those end-of-life decisions
(81.8 percent). Post-traumatic stress disorder is a psychological reaction that occurs after experie...
Study examines influence of celebrity endorsements of cancer screening
...on. [W]hen it comes to communicating about complex decisions
such as cancer screening, the goal should not be to persuade but to inform."...
Study evaluates Alzheimer's patients' ability to make decisions about treatment
...ld Alzheimer's disease are still competent to make decisions
about their treatment, while those with moderate A...s can help assure that patients can participate in decisions
about their care." For the study, researchers interviewed 48 people with very mild to moderate Alzhe...
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