Tag: "declines" at medical news

Being obese, underweight, associated with increased risk of death

...lean persons have been somewhat less, with average declines of 12 to 14 percentage points. Although obesity remains associated with a higher prevalence of important CVD risk factors, differences in total cholesterol levels across BMI groups may be narrowing, and for blood pressure and smoking improvements hav...

Data suggest bypass surgery free of long-term brain effects

...l/ana ), the authors argue that the late cognitive declines seen in some long-term studies are likely associated with progression of underlying conditions such as cerebrovascular disease rather than the surgery itself. "We think that there are short-term cognitive changes after CABG in a subset of patients, b...

Community efforts can reduce alcohol fatalities

...ated alcohol interventions experienced significant declines in alcohol related fatal crashes during the 10 yea...The concentrated intervention communities also saw declines of 20 percent for BACs of 0.08% or higher and 17 percent for BACs of 0.15% and higher. In contrast, ...

Health benefits of quitting smoking could be improved by controlling weight gain

...week's issue of THE LANCET. Lung function normally declines with advancing age, and smoking causes premature onset and acceleration of this age-related decline. Stopping smoking is beneficial for lung function but may lead to weight gain. Previous studies have reported the effects of quitting smoking and weig...

Study shows importance of exposure age for Hanford nuclear workers' cancer risk

...ormations that lead to cancer. "Also, aging brings declines in immune function and the ability to repair genetic damage," Wing said. Although radiation risks were higher for older workers in the UNC study, it would be inappropriate to conclude that younger people are not at risk, he said. He and Richardson co...

Exercise program and special weighted back support improves balance in elderly

...to function independently, which can cause further declines in health. Within four weeks in the study, the researchers noted significant changes in balance and gait. They also recorded back extensor strength improvements and significant decrease in back pain. Mayo Clinic researchers present their findings in ...

New report shows female lung cancer death rates in Europe still rising

... years). Said Dr Bosetti: "We saw steady long-term declines among younger women in Ireland and the UK since the late 1960s. In a number of others, including Austria, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Sweden and Switzerland, the rates among younger women have also tended to fall in the last few years. T...

Hepatitis A in US drops substantially after implementation of vaccination program

...ing is needed to determine the extent to which the declines that have occurred will be sustained and are attri...osed. Vaccination was a major contributor to these declines but, as discussed by both sets of authors, it is difficult to evaluate to what extent the observed r...

Helping the elderly beat the heat

...-related illness and death. STAY HYDRATED Thirst declines with age, and older sweat glands don't produce as much sweat as they used to. The sweat that is produced tends to contain more salt, and lack of salt in the body can lead to sudden drops in blood pressure. LISTEN TO YOUR BODY Muscle cramps, fatigu...

Scrapping BCG vaccination in British schools is justified

...e risk of tuberculosis among immigrant communities declines over time once they have settled in the United Kingdom, and that the imported disease has not led to increases in the risk of disease for the indigenous population. Under the new policy, BCG vaccination will be offered to infants in communities with ...

Hospitals that follow guidelines save lives

...o definitely prove that the GAP changes caused the declines in patient deaths, Dr. Eagle noted that a previous study did show that GAP hospitals adhered to treatment guidelines better than a group of control hospitals. He says this new study ties those improvements in care to higher rates of survival. "I hope...

Annual report to the nation finds cancer death rates still on the decline

... 1993 to 2002. According to the report's authors, declines in death rates reflect progress in prevention, early detection, and treatment; however, not all segments of the U.S. population benefited equally from advances, a point outlined in a featured analysis of treatment trends. First issued in 1998, the ...

Total cholesterol level among US adults continues to decline

...ring this same period. Significant and substantial declines in [average] total and LDL cholesterol levels were observed in men 60 years or older and women 50 years or older but not in younger adults. In general, [average] high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels did not change during this period. The...

Preventing pneumonia in children helps prevent pneumonia in older adults

...th the ability of PCV-7 to interrupt transmission, declines in invasive pneumococcal disease incidence among o.... "Several factors support the hypothesis that the declines in invasive disease reported here likely occurred because of decreased community transmission of vac...

Exercise adds years to life and improves quality, researchers say

...," McAuley said. "Our data would suggest that such declines are likely to lead to subsequent reductions in health status and, ultimately, quality of life."...

'Sharp' older brains are not the same as younger brains

...ere compared with those of older rats which showed declines in their abilities to learn new things. The researchers were looking at a key set of nerve cell connections that store information by modifying the strength of chemical communications at their synapses. (Synapses are the tiny gaps between nerve cells...

Study reveals best ways for pediatricians to educate families

...discussed," said Barkin. "However, parental recall declines with an increased number of topics discussed." Barkin defined the average number of topics that providers could talk about and parents could remember to be seven. "We found that when physicians discuss more than nine topics, recall goes down. Interes...

Nursing home quality stagnates, says HealthGrades

...d 2004, the analysis found. "We are not seeing the declines in actual harm to the nation's 1.6 million nursing home residents that we should," said Samantha Collier, MD, vice president of medical affairs for HealthGrades, the leading healthcare ratings company. "But we did discover some interesting facts that...

Poor fitness common in teens and adults, with associated rise in cardiovascular disease risk factors

...roblem in the U.S. population. The consequences of declines in physical activity over time are now evident by the large proportion of society with low levels of fitness. The correlations we report between low fitness and CVD risk factors suggest a potential trend of increasing morbidity and mortality from chr...

Poor cardiovascular fitness raises heart disease risk in teens, adults

...h poor versus high fitness. "The consequences of declines in physical activity over time are now evident by the large proportion of society with poor fitness," Carnethon said. "The correlations between poor fitness and cardiovascular disease risk factors suggest a potential trend of increasing illness and ...

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(Date:10/30/2014)... 2014—Oligonucleotide-based therapeutics present unique challenges when it comes ... developmental harm. New consensus guidelines for toxicity testing ... biological characteristics of these novel biopharmaceuticals are presented ... journal from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. publishers ... Nucleic Acid Therapeutics website until November ...
(Date:10/29/2014)... and gas production are well over recommended levels in ... journal Environmental Health . High levels of benzene, ... the first to be based on community sampling by ... used to supplement official air-quality monitoring programs. , Unconventional ... readily flow to the surface. This is because they ...
(Date:10/29/2014)... been blamed for increasing the risk of a ... history of schizophrenia, are widely accepted. Others, such ... parasite transmitted by soil, undercooked meat and cat ... new study by Gary Smith, professor of population ... School of Veterinary Medicine, used epidemiological modeling methods ...
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