Tag: "decrease" at medical news

Urban neighborhoods affect how people think about health

... "If not, we will see higher mortality rates and a decrease in people's quality of life." Additional health-care facilities also should be a priority for impoverished urban areas as should improving existing services and providing incentives for physicians to establish practices there, she wrote in Research i...

Different antipsychotic medications may have different effects on brain volume

...anzapine group." "The associations between greater decrease in WBGM [whole brain gray matter] and less improvement in neurocognitve functioning [general mental functioning], and greater improvements on PANSS total and negative subscales [a measure of disturbed thinking] with less increase in lateral ventricul...

Onion compound may help fight osteoporosis

... compound in the popular vegetable that appears to decrease bone loss in laboratory studies using rat bone cells. Although further studies are needed, the current study suggests that eating onions might help prevent bone loss and osteoporosis, a disease which predominately affects older women. The disease res...

Once-a-month injectable medication helps treat alcohol dependence

...of long-acting naltrexone resulted in a 25 percent decrease in the event rate of heavy drinking days and 190 mg. of naltrexone resulted in a 17 percent decrease. Sex and pretreatment abstinence each showed significant interaction with the medication group on treatment outcome, with men and those with lead-in ...

Vaccine against cervical cancer and genital warts shows promise

...f cervical cancer, universal HPV vaccination might decrease the medical, psychological, and economic costs associated with the management of abnormalities detected by screening. Inclusion of HPV 6 and 11 in a vaccine could also diminish the incidence of genital warts. In developing countries that have not imp...

Scientists discover way to control allergic reactions

...d Royal Brompton Hospital have discovered a way to decrease allergic reactions by increasing numbers of CD4+ regulatory T-cells. Dr Mark Larch from Imperial College London and Royal Brompton Hospital, and senior author comments: "This discovery is a hugely important step in our understanding of how immunity a...

Study reveals drinking alcohol reduces breast milk supply in women

...ohol (0.4 g/kg). The results showed a significant decrease in oxytocin level, which correlates with the decline of milk ejection and production, dismissing the lore that alcohol is a galactagogue. Furthermore, the increased prolactin levels are directly associated with the lactating mothers' perception of br...

OHSU researchers demonstrate how Alzheimer's disease impacts important brain cell function

...ain cell communications, called synaptic proteins, decrease in the brains of Alzheimer's patients when compare...e age range. "More importantly, we found that the decrease of synaptic protein levels in the frontal cortex of the brains of Alzheimer's patients was more seve...

Data show cyclosporine inhalation solution improves long-term survival in lung-transplant patients

...eatment with CyIS was associated with a 69 percent decrease in risk of death compared to placebo. "Analysis of... from the initial study period showed a 79 percent decrease in the risk of death for patients receiving CyIS compared to patients receiving placebo. Data from a...

Exercise may not be good enough to reduce mild hypertension in older people, Hopkins experts say

... the Hopkins team found that people most likely to decrease both systolic and diastolic blood pressure also were those who lost the most body fat, particularly abdominal fat, and gained the most muscle. These changes in body composition were more closely related to reductions in blood pressure than improveme...

Grandmothers' smoking linked to grandchildren's asthma decades later

.... The scientists speculate that these alterations decrease immune function and reduce the body's ability to rid itself of toxins, thereby increasing their risk of asthma in smokers' children and grandchildren. They also note that further studies are needed to confirm their results and investigate the issue m...

Combination vaccine produces lower immune response than vaccines administered separately

...s up to 4 extra injections by age 18 months and to decrease parental and clinician concerns about the number of vaccinations in early childhood. Jim P. Buttery, F.R.A.C.P., formerly of the University of Oxford, Churchill Hospital, Headington, Oxford, U.K., and colleagues conducted a study to determine the im...

Ibuprofen may lower risk of Parkinson's disease

...course of an average 8.5 years. The risk seemed to decrease depending on the weekly dosage. For people who took a daily ibuprofen tablet, the risk was 38 percent lower, compared to people who did not regularly take ibuprofen. The reason ibuprofen has an effect on the development of Parkinson's remains unclear...

Obesity hits below the belt: Overweight Americans suffer higher rate of knee cartilage tears

...A population-based weight management program could decrease future burden on orthopedic and medical-care systems due to meniscal surgeries and treatment of other obesity-related conditions," the researchers state....

Being obese, underweight, associated with increased risk of death

...(i.e., diagnosed and undiagnosed combined) did not decrease within BMI groups. This was accompanied by a 55 percent increase in total diabetes among the overall population (i.e., all BMI groups combined), presumably due to an increasing proportion of the population moving into the obese categories," the autho...

Football is a pain in the neck

...s the end of the decade; Dr. Delaney believes this decrease may have been triggered by improved safety equipment and rule changes that outlawed dangerous tackles in football and hitting from behind in hockey. Neck lacerations requiring a visit to the emergency department--an injury believed to be more common ...

Electroshock therapy speeds improvement in schizophrenia patients

...n short-acting anesthetics and muscle relaxants to decrease anxiety and protect them from injury during muscle contractions. Patients generally receive ECT two to three times a week, usually for a total of eight to 12 treatments in a series. The American Psychiatric Association supports use of ECT only to tr...

UT Southwestern sports medicine doctor pedals advice on gearing up for safe cycling season

...rin or silvadene, which help prevent infection and decrease pain." One of the most important things for cyclists to learn is how to avoid heat-related problems. It takes approximately two weeks to acclimate to heat, longer for extreme heat. If preparing to ride in high heat for a prolonged period of time, a c...

Genetic variation linked to alcohol dependence found in a Russian population

...sually decreases activity in brain neurons and can decrease activity of the entire brain and body, as occurs in general anesthesia. Some of alcohol's effects appear to be mediated through GABRA2." This gene is often found in persons who do not become alcoholic, but its presence causes a small increase in ris...

Significant fall in serious violence in England and Wales

...n police detection of violence and disorder, and a decrease in serious violence, according to injury data. Professor Shepherd said: "These findings indicate that police statistics are not a reliable measure of violence. Effectiveness of CCTV probably lies less in preventing assaults and their precursors, b...

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(Date:10/14/2014)... (Oct. 14, 2014)—It,s been millions of years since ... team led by Ohio University scientists is breathing life ... airflow through dinosaur snouts. The research has important implications ... breathe but to enhance the sense of smell and ... animals," said Ohio University doctoral student Jason Bourke, lead ...
(Date:10/14/2014)... research team has discovered a new kind of stem cell ... that lines liver blood vessels, according to a study published ... existence of such a cell type contradicts current theory on ... may hold clues to origins of, and future treatment for, ... single cell into a complex being made up of more ...
(Date:10/14/2014)... MA – A team of scientists led by ... (UMMS) and the University of Miami Miller School ... a key genetic pathway underlying bipolar (manic depressive) ... drugs for treating bipolar affective disorder, as well ... The new findings, published online this week in ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Dinosaur breathing study shows that noses enhanced smelling and cooled brain 2Dinosaur breathing study shows that noses enhanced smelling and cooled brain 3Stem cell discovery challenges dogma on how fetus develops; holds insights for liver cancer and reg 2Stem cell discovery challenges dogma on how fetus develops; holds insights for liver cancer and reg 3Rare genetic disease protects against bipolar disorder 2Rare genetic disease protects against bipolar disorder 3
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