Tag: "demonstration" at medical news

American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for April 2005 (first issue)

...nt of modern chemotherapy for tuberculosis was the demonstration in clinical trials, starting in 1946, that the antibiotic streptomycin might be a viable drug for the disease. The results of early British trials showed a substantial benefit to the streptomycin arm of the trial; however, soon many patients develop...

World-leading scientific databases now accessible via handhelds

...ference or while taking a break from the lab." The demonstration illustrated the ability to retrieve and analyze information from CAS' principal databases, CAplusSM and CAS RegistrySM. The Registry database contains records for more than 25 million organic and inorganic substances, including small molecules, and ...

Monoclonal antibody cures West Nile virus-infected mice

...wledge, these experiments are the first successful demonstration of the use of a humanized antibody as a post-exposure therapy against a viral disease," says senior investigator Michael Diamond, M.D., Ph.D., assistant professor of molecular microbiology, pathology and immunology and of medicine. "They also sugges...

Mayo Clinic first to use pharmacogenomics to treat inherited kidney disorder of children

...y of vitamin B6 if very high doses are used -- our demonstration of the relationship between a specific mutation and vitamin B6 responsiveness does open the door to informed use of this valuable agent in the treatment of type I primary hyperoxaluria," says Carla Monico, M.D., Mayo Clinic nephrologist and lead rese...

Molecular change occurring during brain tumor progression also evident in breast cancer

...nce of the present paper is that this is the first demonstration of specific laminin isoform changes in pre-cancerous (ductal carcinoma in situ) and invasive ductal carcinoma as well as its metastases, in comparison with normal breast tissues," said Shikha Bose, M.D., an expert breast pathologist who participated ...

Health and environmental sciences director named DuPont 'Distinguished Scientist'

... toxicology and environmental sciences are a clear demonstration of putting our science to work to provide important perspectives on the value of sustainable and responsible science." Rickard, 52, has over 25 years of experience in various research and management positions at the world-renowned Haskell Laboratory ...

Animal model demonstrates course of epilepsy

...del of epilepsy became even more valuable with the demonstration that the course of the disorder closely parallels that of one of the most common forms of epilepsy in humans. In an article published online June 6, 2005, in the Annals of Neurology, researchers at St. Justine Hospital at the University of Montreal i...

Media violence linked to concentration, self-control

...cortex activity. "This observation is the first demonstration of differences in brain function being associated with media violence exposure," said Dr. Mathews. "We found that individuals in the control group with high media violence exposure showed a brain activation pattern similar to the pattern of the aggre...

Chronic infection may contribute to frailty in older women

...he American Geriatrics Society . This is the first demonstration to show an association between CMV and frailty syndrome. The study, conducted at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine and Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, included over 700 female participants aged 70 to 79 years. It is unique because it...

A vaccine approach to treating Parkinson's disease

...tep in the right direction. "This shows the first demonstration of a vaccine for this family of disease," Masliah said....

Street-level London air pollution warnings coming via mobile phones

...dge Environmental Research Consultants (CERC) as a demonstration service of ESA's PROMOTE project, intended to deliver atmospheric information to support informed decision making in this field and improve quality of life. PROMOTE is itself part of Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES), a joint in...

New computer program uses brain scans to assess risk of Alzheimer's

...to a new study. "This is the first demonstration that reduced metabolic activity in the hippocampus may be used to help predict future Alzheimer's disease," says Lisa Mosconi, Ph.D., a research scientist in the Department of Psychiatry, who developed the computer program and led the new study. "Alt...

Quality measures need to be field-tested, researchers find

...d to be practicably applicable in the researchers' demonstration hospital set, although the list could vary at different health care settings. This set included such recommendations as "timely initiation of antibiotic therapy," "choosing initial antibiotic therapy according to current national guidelines," and swi...

Understanding and diagnosing an inherited pain syndrome

...le School of Medicine researchers report the first demonstration that a single mutation in a human sodium channel gene can trigger pain in people with an inherited pain syndrome known as primary erythromelalgia, according to a study published this month in the journal Brain. The research provides novel insights ...

Inhaling large amounts of salt can cause hypertension

...gh blood pressure. This study represents the first demonstration of an occupational hazard linked to table salt. Haldiya et al. measured the blood pressure of workers in two salt milling factories in Rajasthan, India. They divided the workers in two groups: one group worked close to the salt milling plant and was ...

Report reveals high rate of heart attack amongst ethnic minorities in Scotland

... picture of health amongst ethnic minorities. The demonstration project, funded by the Scottish Executive, was prompted by previous research in the UK which shows more health problems, including higher than average death rates from heart disease, are found amongst men and women born in the Indian sub continent. R...

Hearing loss in older adults may compromise cognitive resources for memory

...ly identify them. The authors interpret this as a demonstration of the effortfulness principle-- the increased effort required detracted from the cognitive processes of memorizing these words. "This study is a wake-up call to anyone who works with older people, including health care professionals, to be especia...

Flavanols key to potential chocolate benefits

...eve that one exciting outcome of this study is the demonstration that flavanol-rich cocoa can significantly improve an important marker of cardiovascular health in a population with an established cardiovascular risk factor. This raises the possibility that a potential new agent for the prevention and/or treatment...

Subtypes of ependymomas arise from rare stem cells in the nervous system

...the histology of tumors," Gilbertson said. "So our demonstration that identical-looking ependymomas that arise in different regions of the central nervous system are distinct diseases at the cellular and molecular level is an important insight. This suggests that treatments should be designed to kill the cancer st...

Tracking desertification with satellites highlighted at UNCCD COP

... a research project but rather the development and demonstration of a handsome software package responding to needs and requirements of our users to better monitor and assess desertification and land degradation using Earth Observation technology" explained Olivier Arino of ESA. "The intention is that once the sys...

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(Date:10/18/2014)... In a sample of patients with undiagnosed, suspected genetic ... associated with a higher molecular diagnostic yield than traditional ... JAMA . The study is being released to ... meeting. , Exome sequencing, which sequences the protein­coding region ... genetic material present in a cell or organism), has ...
(Date:10/16/2014)... on the human body. Battles are won, lost ... cancer, this stalemate—known as tumor dormancy—can last up ... phenomena that is poorly understood. , A ... Salvatore Torquato, a Professor of Chemistry at Princeton ... dormancy and the switch to a malignant state. ...
(Date:10/16/2014)... infections and worldwide claims the lives of 160,000 ... University have succeeded in developing a promising vaccination ... , Xavier Saelens (VIB/UGent): "We discovered a new ... development of a novel approach to vaccination against ... small children and elderly people." , RSV: ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Study examines type of exome sequencing and molecular diagnostic yield 2Study examines type of exome sequencing and molecular diagnostic yield 3Modeling tumor dormancy 2New perspectives for development of an RSV vaccine 2
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