Tag: "detection" at medical news

NIST method improves timing in oscilloscopes

...tter. These errors may lead, for example, to false detection of failure in a communications module that is actually working, or to increased electronic "noise" interference with measurements of microwave signals from radar. The NIST method, based on an approach developed in laboratory experiments and implement...

CAD system makes breast MRI more effective, efficient

A computer-aided detection (CAD) system is helping radiologists to more quickly and accurately determine the sizes and locations of cancers found on breast MRI information that could change patients' treatment, a new study shows. The study, undertaken at Clinica Girona in Giro...

Study helps doctors ID intimate partner violence abuse victims

...place direct questioning about IPV, but may aid in detection of abuse in patient populations....

Computed tomography has potential to offer accurate, safer method for detecting artery disease

...at compared with invasive coronary angiography for detection of significant lesions (greater than 50 percent stenosis [narrowing]), segment-based sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of MSCT were 95 percent, 98 percent, 87 percent, and 99 percent, respectively. Quantitative com...

UK receives $6 million for Appalachia Community Cancer Network

...thy eating and physical activity, as well as early detection and treatment of specific cancers. Based at the UK...st Virginia. It will focus on prevention and early detection of lung, cervical and colorectal cancers, all of which have high incidence and mortality rates in th...

Fluorescence device to diagnose atherosclerosis and tumors described at optics conference

...ive brain tumors. In both disease processes, early detection and precision can impact patient outcomes. Atherosclerotic plaque builds up quietly, usually causing no symptoms until reaching an advanced stage, and the results take more than 1 million American lives each year. Malignant brain tumors called glioma...

Practice of defensive medicine widespread among physicians in specialties at high risk of lawsuits

...al harm. Because both obstetrics and breast cancer detection are high-liability fields, women's health may be particularly affected," the authors write. "Efforts to reduce defensive medicine should concentrate on educating patients and physicians regarding appropriate care in the clinical situations that most...

Visual screening could prevent 37,000 deaths from mouth cancer worldwide

...l mucosa with lighting, gauze, gloves, whereas the detection of most solid malignancies in the early asymoptomatic stages almost always requires special, costly, and often invasive techniques. Visual screening for oral cancer is easy, effective, cheap, and saves lives."...

Researchers demonstrate use of gold nanoparticles for cancer detection

...ecific antibody for cancer cells could make cancer detection much easier, say medical researchers from the Univ...cattering property in a living cell to make cancer detection easier. So far, the results are extremely promising." Many cancer cells have a protein, known as epi...

Prevalence and severity of mental illness in the United States

... Days continue to hold great promise for hastening detection and treatment. Interventions to speed initial treatment contact are likely to reduce the burdens and hazards of untreated mental disorder." (Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2005; 62:603-613. Available post-embargo at www.archgenpsychiatry.com ) Editor's Not...

Goals for TB control reachable for most of world

... elements of DOTS include political commitment; TB detection by sputum smear; standardized drug treatment (incl... TB control programs must reach global targets for detection (70 percent) and treatment success (85 percent) and also reduce the incidence rate by at least 2 per...

Multi-drug resistant TB persists in California

...isk groups, coupled with measures to ensure timely detection and treatment of MDR TB once it develops. Second, our results suggest that adherence to recommended TB treatment guidelines must be improved to ensure that poor case management does not contribute to further cases of MDR within California. "Third, t...

Johns Hopkins study shows home test kits highly effective against sexually transmitted diseases

...lamydia is an effective way to address the spread, detection and treatment of the disease. This age group also has the highest risk of contracting an STD and has historically been the least likely group to undergo regular testing. Results of a new survey by the same investigators, also to be presented at th...

Research results from the 'Era of Hope' Department of Defense breast cancer research program meeting

...e evaluated the hand-held device for principles of detection appropriate for breast cancer. Its developers propose to begin testing both imaging devices in a year and a half in an ongoing study of women with an identified BRCA 1 or 2 genetic defect, which places them at substantially greater risk for developi...

New strategy for protecting brain against Alzheimer's disease: Enhancing the innate immune system

...velopment of an in-vitro diagnostic test for early detection of Alzheimer's disease. Other investigators include: Dr. John Ringman, UCLA Department of Neurology, and Dr. Francesco Chiappelli in the UCLA Department of Oral Biology and Medicine....

Digital mammography does not improve breast cancer detection rates, study finds

... each. No statistically significant differences in detection rates were observed between the x-ray and the new ...pected to offer incremental improvements in cancer detection rates, which Maliff says may be enough to spark a large-scale transition to the new technology. "Co...

Better early diagnosis of relapsed prostate cancer

...t time in Spain the utility of 11C-Choline for the detection of relapses in these tumours. To date, conventiona...00%, 11C-Choline shows a sensitivity of 65% in the detection of relapses with low PSA (prostate-specific antigen) level, compared to 28% of FDG. Thus, it is show...

Dartmouth study reveals flaws in screening for TB; Cases in 3rd world HIV patients may go undetected

...dings are important because existing standards for detection of TB rely on using cough as the indication for screening, with chest x-ray as the screening method. "Our study demonstrates that neither cough nor chest radiography would have identified the 10 subjects (in the study) with subclinical tuberculosis,...

Gastric bug link to irregular heart rhythm

...terium and has properties that enable it to escape detection by the immune system, say the authors. And chronic gastritis, caused by persistent H pylori infection, may predispose to atrial fibrillation, they suggest....

American Thoracic Society journal news tips for June 2005 (second issue)

...ter-based tomographic (CT) screening for the early detection of lung cancer can lead to an early diagnosis in a...th smaller growing nodules over 7 mm in size. Both detection steps were designed to help minimize unnecessary invasive procedures for benign lesions. According t...

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