Tag: "differences" at medical news
Tobacco linked to 63 percent of cancer death burden among African-American men
...ion. Leistikow notes one explanation for regional differences
could be intervention disparities. Western and Northeastern states have some of the strongest tobacco control programs in the nation, while Southern and Midwestern states have been slower to initiate such increasingly common policies as higher cigare...
Obese women with breast cancer may be undertreated
...chemistry in overweight and obese women, including differences
in estrogen and insulin levels, may account for th...f adjuvant chemotherapy may also contribute to the differences
in outcome. Adjuvant chemotherapy is given to women with no measurable spread of the cancer beyond t...
Sleep therapy may protect against death from heart disease
...PAP group (18 percent). There were no significant differences
between the CPAP group and the untreated group in terms of age, body mass index, and cardiovascular risk factors at baseline; however, patients in the untreated group had significantly lower apnea scores and more had undergone nasal surgery prior to ...
Medicare's investment in quality improvement may not be paying off
...The researchers found no statistically significant differences
in improvement over time on 14 of 15 quality indicators between hospitals participating with the quality improvement organizations and non-participating hospitals. Participating hospitals did show greater improvement in the screening and administerin...
Quality of care not necessarily better in hospitals that participate in quality improvement program
..."At baseline, there were statistically significant differences
between participating and nonparticipating hospitals on 5 of 15 quality indicators, with participating hospitals performing better on 3 of 5," the authors found. "There was no statistically significant difference in change from baseline to follow-up...
Fine tuning drug levels in neuroblastoma patients is effective, St. Jude researchers show
...iminate or clear topotecan from their bodies. Such differences
mean that the standard drug of topotecan might help some children; in others, the drug might be either too little to kill cancer cells or so high that it produces unacceptable toxicity. However, by closely monitoring and fine tuning the drug levels i...
High rates of sexually transmitted infections found in young drug users
...ir male counterparts, but did not find significant differences
between injection drug users and non-injection drug users. Few of the infected study participants were aware of their sexually transmitted infection. The study is published in the June 2005 issue of Sexually Transmitted Infections. "We found a high r...
Changing sexual behaviour in the UK
...en's age at first intercourse, there remain gender differences
in the experience of the event. Women are twice as...ne they were married or engaged to, and the gender differences
had all but vanished. Men live up to their stereotype in being more likely to report large numbers...
Some male breast cancer patients may have unnecessary radiotherapy
...s, the power of the study to detect possible small differences
was low. The study drew on men and women diagnosed in British Columbia between the start of 1989 and the end of 1998 who had undergone total mastectomy, excluding certain categories of patients. This left 60 men and 4,181 women where direct com...
Endocarditis infection commonly related to health care factors, increasingly due to staph
...ifferent parts of the world; and assessed regional differences
and the effect of these differences
on clinical outcomes among patients with S aureus IE. The study included 1,779 patients with IE fro...
Young athletes' post-concussion migraine may signal greater neurocognitive impairment
...ts of concussion and measure recovery. Significant differences
existed among the three groups for all outcome measures, Mihalik reported. The PTM group demonstrated significantly greater neurocognitive deficits when compared with the headache and non-headache groups. Specifically, the PTM group had significantly...
Gene testing doesn't increase anxiety, depression in children of people with Alzheimer's
...r. After one year, the team found no significant differences
among the groups (ApoE4 positive, ApoE4 negative, or no disclosure) when assessing them using the Center for Epidemiological Studies' Depression Scale and Beck Anxiety Inventory. Those in the study who tested positive for ApoE4 and were alerted to ...
'X-factor' causes Scots to have higher heart disease rates, say scientists
...d to explain the higher rates by taking account of differences
in wealth, health behaviours such as smoking, drin...- and less likely to take exercise. However, these differences
do not explain much of the higher rate of heart disease in Scotland. Even after taking account of pe...
Japanese doctors likelier than US counterparts to involve patients' families in decisions
...researchers did not delve into the reasons for the differences
in approaches, several explanations have been hypothesized from previous studies. One cause for that divergence may stem from the types of cancers that are prevalent in each country. One of the most common cancers in Japan is gastric cancer, which h...
Special scalpel reduces blood loss, facial nerve trauma in salivary surgery
...nts who needed total parotidectomy, no significant differences
were noted between the four who had conventional surgery and the nine who had harmonic scalpel parotidectomy. Researchers say their findings warrant further study of the scalpel's potential in patients with malignancies who need their entire gland re...
Once in the doctor's office, racial and ethnic disparities in care nearly disappear: Stanford study
...r example, only two showed significant statistical differences
with regard to race. First, blacks were more likel...ealth-care access and utilization than from direct differences
in treatment once a patient is in the system," she said. This gap in access and use could be due to ...
Hospital outcomes for women improve, but some hospitals fall far behind: Healthgrades study
...mproved an average of 4.28 percent. The greatest differences
in women's cardiac and stroke outcomes between the best-performing and poorest-performing hospitals is seen in percutaneous coronary interventions, such as angioplasties (PCI), heart failure and CABG surgery. On average, women treated at the best-per...
Study links race to risk of advanced colorectal cancer, death
...and South/Central Americans. "We observed numerous differences
in the risks of advanced stage CRC and mortality across individuals in different Asian/Pacific Islander and Hispanic white subgroups," conclude Ms. Chien and her colleagues, "suggesting that it is important to take into account the heterogeneity of b...
Researchers link nursing injuries to staffing levels
...ur findings were consistent across states, despite differences
in data collection, classification of injuries and...y." The researchers controlled the data to examine differences
between for-profit and not-for-profit homes. Profit status was not significantly related to worker i...
Sunshine mapping from space means brighter solar energy future
...phy is also important and there are large regional differences
in Europe the southern side of the Alps receives twice the annual radiance of northern slopes. Measuring from below using in-situ data is technically demanding, expensive on an ongoing basis and limited in coverage there are only around 200 solar-...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10