Tag: "discover" at medical news

Italian researchers find fenretinide cuts the risk of second breast cancers in young women

... to be real." The researchers also want studies to discover exactly how the drug works because the biological mechanisms are still unclear, especially the reasons why it works differently in younger or older women. They suggest that fenretinide may enhance the protective or damaging effects of hormones in dif...

Some ethnic groups more susceptible to adverse drug reactions

...nd ethnic classifications more fully, if we are to discover how they are linked, they conclude....

Diabetes research at UH 'crystalizes' with major finding

...his hormone will make it easier for researchers to discover why some individuals do not produce enough insulin and thus develop diabetes, Vekilov said. Specifically, the two have focused on the creation of insulin crystals, the form in which insulin is stored in the pancreas before it is released in the bloo...

Europe wide study to examine causes of asthma

...ities and use genetics, genomics and proteomics to discover novel genetic and microbial factors that cause or protect against asthma. The project will test genetic factors in over 40,000 subjects with childhood or adult asthma, with data from environmental factors such as tobacco smoke, air pollution, nutriti...

Brain study yields insight into machinery of prejudice

...May 18, 2006, Neuron. Specifically, they sought to discover whether different areas of a brain region called the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) were active when people thought about those whom they perceived as either like or different from them. Other researchers had implicated the mPFC as central to making...

Selenium-protein deficiency raises prostate cancer risk

...Diamond added that much work remains to be done to discover exactly how selenoproteins play their protective role, and in whom. At least 25 different selenoproteins have been found in the human body. But what role each plays is not known, nor is it known if certain persons are genetically more -- or less -- r...

Turning the tables on drug discovery

...reverses the traditional screening process used to discover potentially active new pharmaceutical compounds. T...databases of plant-derived molecules and plants to discover the natural sources of the ligands which could influence the enzyme. Identified in this way substanc...

New mechanism explains glucose effect on wakefulness

...otassium into the cell. The researchers set out to discover how glucose inhibits a particular class of glucose-sensing neurons that produce tiny proteins called orexins, which are central regulators of states of consciousness. Burdakov and colleagues wrote, "These cells are critical for responding to the eve...

Pauletta and Denzel Washington to present Cedars-Sinai neuroscience scholarships June 7

...scientists are those who are compelled not only to discover for themselves, but to apply their discoveries to improving the human condition." The Pauletta and Denzel Washington Family Gifted Scholars Program in Neuroscience is offered to undergraduate, graduate and medical students pursuing training in the sc...

OHSU researchers discover possible HIV therapy in an animal study

...nal Primate Research Center. "What we were able to discover using SIV-infected monkeys was that a certain naturally occurring protein called interleukin-15 (IL-15) caused a dramatic restoration of tissue CD4+ T cells when given in conjunction with antiretroviral drugs." Antiretroviral drugs are currently give...

Gene expression in labor; and more -- press release from PLoS Medicine

... published today discuss the use of microarrays to discover genes involved in childbirth. The three papers highlight the complexity of such gene expression analyses but also how crucial it is to make original data available for reanalysis. In the Research Article (Labor-Associated Gene Expression in the Huma...

Pre-scan warnings would have caused extra distress say women with problem fetuses

...second trimester scan. The aim of the study was to discover how prepared women actually were for an adverse finding during a routine ultrasound. Ten of the women were carrying their first child and 28 had been pregnant before. The expectant mothers ranged from 18 to 44 years, with an average age of 33. 15 of...

HIV Testing Day: Missed opportunities at the doctor's office

...e health care system, far too many people will not discover they are HIV positive until they are already showing clinical signs of AIDS. We would identify people with HIV a lot sooner--and connect them with the care they need to extend their lives--if HIV testing was a routine part of health care." HIVMA is c...

Progulske-Fox receives periodontal disease research award

... In Vitro Induced Antigen Technology, or IVIAT, to discover new P. gingivalis virulence genes. The IVIAT technology provides a method of finding out which P. gingivalis genes are expressed while causing disease in the human host rather than in an in vitro (test tube) or animal model. By identifying virulence-...

Highlights from the July 2006 Journal of the American Dietetic Association

...lcium and total calcium (supplements plus diet) to discover which forms of calcium were associated with weight change. The researchers found "dietary calcium alone had no significant effect on 10-year weight change," but that women who took calcium supplements saw some improvement. "Although more evidenc...

Giving African surgeons online health information; cancer in minority groups

...rs who know the right questions to ask in order to discover practicable solutions to the health problems of their regions," say Milliard Derbew (Addis Ababa University and University of Toronto) and colleagues. And giving African doctors and researchers better access to health information, they say, is a fun...

Healthcare providers react more positively to men than women who reveal they're gay

...surveyed 2,269 lesbian, gay and bisexual people to discover how they felt about revealing their sexuality and the reaction of primary healthcare providers, such as family doctors and practice nurses, when they did. "It's important that healthcare providers are aware of people's sexuality as non disclosure h...

CEO of GSK talks about HIV in the developing world

...ical trials for all three diseases and continue to discover and develop new treatments. Crucially, as we find new drugs and vaccines for these diseases, we are committed to making them as widely available as possible at preferential prices." ...

Scientists develop new, molecular approach to early cancer detection

... cells, one that could eventually allow doctors to discover many malignancies earlier than currently possible. The scientists at the University of Florida have successfully tested the technique to find leukemia cells and believe that it opens the door to the first systematic approach to diagnosing cancer at...

Researchers uncover how prostate cancer cells defy death

...ind a way to resist the treatment and we wanted to discover the mechanism." Treatments for prostate cancer include surgery, radiation therapy and hormone therapy, also known as androgen ablation therapy because it reduces levels of the male hormones that can stimulate the growth certain types of prostate ca...

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(Date:7/23/2014)... has the nasty habit of getting tangled and forming ... and learn how to disentangle them (e.g. useful for ... School for Advanced Studies (SISSA) in Trieste and his ... simulate these knots and their dynamics. In their latest ... , Micheletti together with Marco Di Stefano, first author ...
(Date:7/23/2014)... is available in German . ... modalities for orientation, some of which might be very ... the polarization pattern produced by sunlight in the atmosphere ... Max Planck Institute for Ornithology in Seewiesen, Germany, and ... that a night active mammal, the greater mouse-eared bat, ...
(Date:7/23/2014)... Currently, no cure exists for Alzheimer,s disease, the ... Americans. But scientists are now reporting new progress ... cancer treatment, that shows promise as a potential ... ACS, Journal of Medicinal Chemistry . , ... that in a healthy brain, the protein known ...
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