Tag: "disorders" at medical news
Depression linked to previously unknown dopamine regulator
...receptor is implicated in various neuropsychiatric disorders
including schizophrenia and drug addiction. Understanding the details of the modulatory events in D2 dopamine receptormediated intracellular signaling may provide novel therapeutic targets for treating various associated disorders....
Polypharmacy in children on the rise in the US
...y prescribing multiple medications for psychiatric disorders
in children. According to the study, the most frequent combination were stimulants such as methylphenidate (Ritalin) or dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine, Adderall) commonly used to treat ADHD, with another psychotropic medication. Another contributing ...
Women missing out in heart treatment more needed in clinical trials
...lasma; Potentially life-threatening heart rhythm disorders
occur significantly more often in women, so they need closer monitoring when undergoing antiarrhythmic treatment; Aspirin is proven as a primary preventive for heart attack in males, but questionable for women. The reasons it appears not to be effec...
PTSD, depression epidemic among Cambodian immigrants
...ewer than a third were spared from the psychiatric disorders
assessed. Rates of PTSD and depression tended to b...wo percent had both disorders, and severity of the disorders
increased with trauma exposure. The risk factors that predicted depression were so similar to those ...
Largest study of unrelated bone marrow transplantation for leukemia serves as benchmark
...tudy to date in patients with leukemia and related disorders
undergoing bone marrow transplantation from unrelated donors. The study was designed to determine whether one of two general approaches to prevent graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD), a potentially lethal complication, might result in improved survival...
Tsunami raises questions about disaster mental health, Science reports
...,000 Sri Lankans have serious, debilitating mental disorders
like major depression and schizophrenia, and as many as 2 million have less serious disorders
that could still benefit from treatment. Forty psychiatrists is clearly not enough to take care of t...
Anxiety disorders can compromise success of alcohol-dependence treatment
and alcohol dependence co-occur at an alarming rate. Researchers investigate what effect anxiety disorders
may have on the success of alcoholism treatment. Social phobia was the single best predictor of a re...
Marijuana-derived drug suppresses bladder overactivity and irritation in animal models
...and bladder overactivity in hypersensitive bladder disorders
such as interstitial cystitis (IC), according to animal model study results presented today at the annual meeting of the International Continence Society. IP 751 is a potent anti-inflammatory and a powerful analgesic, although the mechanisms by w...
Treating individuals with substance-abuse disorders who have attempted suicide
...rable percentage of individuals with substance-use disorders
(SUDs) attempt suicide. A new study investigates ...suicide attempts by individuals with substance-use disorders
(SUDs) range from three percent in the previous 30 days to lifetime rates of 45 percent. Despite th...
Study charts origins of fear
...y that has implications for pain-related emotional disorders
such as anxiety and post-traumatic stress. U of T physiology professor Min Zhuo and his colleagues Professor Bong-Kiun Kaang of Seoul National University in South Korea, and Professor Bao-Ming Li of Fudan University in China have identified where e...
NIH launches National Commission on Digestive Diseases
...l Diseases," a study conducted by the AGA in 2001, disorders
of the digestive tract comprise a spectrum of gastrointestinal and hepato-biliary diseases that affect hundreds of millions of people in the U.S. Furthermore, gastrointestinal diseases have enormous economic consequences on the nation's health care ...
American Neurological Association 130th Annual Meeting in San Diego
... in stroke understanding stem cells in neurologic disorders
using commonalities among Alzheimer's, Parkinson'...oups of brain cells. Researchers in these separate disorders
have begun to identify common steps in the pathways to degeneration. In the Wednesday morning sympos...
Defective lymphatic vessels identified as a novel cause of adult-onset obesity
...ercising more," Oliver said. Just as many vascular disorders
arise because of blood vessel defects, other defects of the closely related lymphatic vessels in addition to edema could also occur in humans, he added....
Tip sheet for Annals of Internal Medicine, Sept. 20, 2005 issue
... that treated 13,077 patients with musculoskeletal disorders
(painful conditions of the muscles, bones, tendons, and joints) with either regular care or a special health program found that the special program shortened temporary work disability and reduced the number of patients who went on permanent disabilit...
Research finds poor sleep affects student's school performance
...unts with poor consequences. And while some sleep disorders
can be fixed with medical treatment, sleep patterns raise important issues for educators. As children move into adolescence, they tend to get less sleep per day. Overall, the researchers found that disturbed sleep was more common than many thought....
New online atlas provides collective maps of human brain folds
...al differences, reactions to injury, and inherited disorders
can all change the topography of the brain in minor and major ways. To compensate for these variations, neuroscientists have developed a process called registration that lets them mathematically adjust the results of a brain scan to either match it ...
Water channel protein implicated in relative of multiple sclerosis
... might play a role in poorly understood autoimmune disorders
in other organ systems. For some time, scientists ...is not so much a single disease, but a category of disorders
with similar damage to different parts of the nervous system. Recently, progress has been made in te...
'Noise' affects how brain directs body to move
...neuromotor control and in developing therapies for disorders
where control is impaired, such as Parkinson's disease. The new study was developed "to understand the brain machinery behind such common movements as typing, walking through a doorway or just pointing at an object," says Stephen Lisberger, PhD, sen...
Panic disorder appears to increase risk of coronary heart disease
... "one more piece of evidence that mood and anxiety disorders
significantly increase the risk for heart disease," adding that more work is needed "to understand the basic biological link between the brain and the heart that explains these phenomena."...
Johns Hopkins researchers discover key protein linked to transverse myelitis and multiple sclerosis
...," said Kaplin. "TM is related to other autoimmune disorders
of the nervous system, including Guillain-Barr syn...y give us a foothold in understanding all of these disorders
and how they are linked together. The benefit is, therefore, not only to those who are paralyzed by ...
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