Tag: "disrupts" at medical news

Rochester spreads knowledge of cancer-related fatigue

...f treatment. -- Underlying causes. Cancer fatigue disrupts several interrelated systems: physiological, biochemical, psychological. The effect varies among individuals and also during different phases of treatment. It likely involves changes in the endocrine system, circadian rhythms, metabolism, cytokines a...

Brain-boosting pill alleviates post-chemotherapy fogginess

...brain cells. In 2006 they showed that chemotherapy disrupts cell division in the hippocampus, the brain region essential for learning and memory. Until now, cancer patients had few options. Some studies have tested Ritalin, which stimulates the central nervous system. But Ritalin has unwanted side effects l...

Eye muscles -- those go-getters of the anatomical world

... on myasthenia gravis, an autoimmune disease which disrupts communication between muscles and nerves. The illness particularly affects the eye muscles, causing drooping eyelids and double vision. Dr. Kaminski focuses on the eyes immune environment. He looks at what role this plays in the eye muscles vulnerabi...

Researchers discover gene crucial for nerve cell insulation

...ve discovered how a defect in a single master gene disrupts the process by which several genes interact to cre...rounding why a single mutant copy of the EGR2 gene disrupts the functioning of the normal EGR2 gene, leading to a disorder of the nervous system. In many gene...

Holographic images use shimmer to show cellular response to anticancer drug

...out the cell and perform their functions. The drug disrupts the growth of microtubules, the highways of the internal cellular structure, and leaves organelles stuck at dead ends unable to move. This reduction in motion translates to less shimmer in the image on the screen and can be quantitatively analyzed ...

HIV dementia alarmingly high in Africa

...eir populations and governments. Dementia not only disrupts jobs and adds to the cost of care, but also interferes with a patients ability to adhere to a regular course of antiretroviral medication, thus increasing the risk of drug resistance. People with dementia also are less likely to practice safe sex. ...

Drug combination proves effective against myeloma in Phase I trial

...Revlimid also attacks the tumor cells directly and disrupts their interactions with surrounding tissue in the bone marrow. The trial was based on preclinical work that found Revlimid increases myeloma cells' vulnerability to Velcade and dexamethasone, which suggested that patients might benefit from a combi...

Postpartum depression is a major public health problem that requires more resources

...ther research has shown that postpartum depression disrupts the relationship between the mother and the infant, which can have short- and long-term adverse effects. Maternal depression can negatively impact a newborns mental and motor development and is associated with poor self-regulation, low self-esteem an...

Radiologists attempt to solve mystery of Tut's demise

... so-called curse that is said to plague anyone who disrupts the remains of the boy king. "While performing the CT scan of King Tut, we had several strange occurrences," he said. "The electricity suddenly went out, the CT scanner could not be started and a team member became ill. If we weren't scientists, we...

St. Jude finds clues to hearing loss from chemotherapy

...f the brain. Understanding how a specific mutation disrupts that cascade might lead to ways to repair the damage, Zuo said. For example, one type of damage that occurs in children whose hearing is damaged by chemotherapy is loss of hair cells in the inner part of the ear. These cells sprout extremely fine hai...

Can a vitamin alleviate chronic, progressive multiple sclerosis?

...ting myelin coating, and degeneration. This damage disrupts nerves' ability to conduct electrical impulses to and from the brain, causing such symptoms as fatigue, difficulty walking, pain, spasticity, and emotional and cognitive changes. Current treatments mainly protect against inflammation and myelin loss,...

Mayo Clinic finds effective test to determine treatment for chronic cough

...h. Most patients see a physician because the cough disrupts their daily lives, says Dr. Hahn. The three major diagnoses that can cause chronic cough are: upper airway cough syndrome (also known as postnasal drip syndrome), asthma, and gastroesophageal reflux. Another diagnosis that affects fewer chronic cough...

Injured, ill children treated at U.S. military hospital in Iraq

...e used as human shields. In addition, because war disrupts medical facilities in the affected area, children with other injuries or illnesses may seek medical care at U.S. military hospitals as well. When U.S. and coalition forces entered Iraq in 2003, Iraqi civilian hospitals were already understaffed and ...

Previously approved drugs may be helpful in fatal pediatric disorder

...ternal cholesterol level. The jam in the lysosomes disrupts creation of these byproducts, impairing the cell's ability to sense its own cholesterol levels. As a result, cells continue to make and take in cholesterol even after their cholesterol levels are already dangerously high. This buildup has toxic effe...

Alcoholism-treatment medication acamprosate may help abstinent alcoholics sleep better

...y, alcohol intake can exacerbate sleepiness, which disrupts performance and contributes to accidents even when an individual is not significantly intoxicated." Staner is also a researcher at FORENAP, an organization that specializes in early drug development and research in neuroscience, located in Rouffach,...

JCI table of contents: August 10, 2006

...RDIOLOGY Antibody binding to heart muscle cells disrupts the beating heart Congenital heart block (CHB) is a condition in which the transfer of electrical nerve impulses that regulate the rhythmic pumping of heart muscle is altered. Although CHB is strongly associated with the transfer, via the placent...

Socially isolated children may become unhealthy adults

...write. "It is also possible that social isolation disrupts constructive and restorative processes that enhance physiological capacities, as suggested by evidence that lonely individuals experience disrupted sleep and engage in passive rather than active coping strategies in their everyday lives."(Arch Pediat...

A neural mosaic of tones

...rtex, leading to hearing loss, which also probably disrupts such organised patterns of the brain. Now that many of these fields can be functionally identified, studies can focus on how the responses of these fields are changed by hearing loss and how to restore the functionality of these regions....

New World Cup soccer ball will unsettle goalkeepers, predicts scientist

...ilar to a swerving free kick and the rotating seam disrupts the air flow around the ball in much the same way ...nd as the ball rotates lazily in the air, the seam disrupts the air flow around the ball at certain points on the surface, causing an unpredictable deflection. ...

Stress, alcoholics, and post-traumatic stress disorder

...the combination of alcoholism and PTSD so severely disrupts the HPA axis that anyone with both disorders who experiences stress does not have an appropriately robust hormone stress response," said Adinoff. "In other words, the combination of PTSD and alcoholism may have more profound, long-term effects on th...

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(Date:10/29/2014)... lose their hair as a consequence of chemotherapy will ... the scalp cooling technology that prevents hair loss. , ... pioneered by global scalp cooling manufacturing company, Paxman Coolers, ... department of the University of Huddersfield. , The research ... has a background in the pharmacology of cancer treatment, ...
(Date:10/29/2014)... registration is open for the Society ... Meeting. SIR 2015 is the one place ... and related health care professionals can come ... science and technologies being presented, discussed and ... in minimally invasive, image-guided medicine, SIR 2015 ...
(Date:10/29/2014)... of chemicals from household and industrial products are in ... But for most of them, scientists have yet to ... the first step toward doing that by estimating which ... method is published in the ACS journal Environmental ... colleagues note that the risks to human health of ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):New technology on the way to aid cancer suffers who lose their hair after chemotherapy 2SIR 2015: Interventional radiology shapes tomorrow's medicine 2
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