Tag: "doses" at medical news
Study shows light therapy to effectively treat mood disorders, including SAD
...fer. Also, children and adolescents may need lower doses
than the elderly. "And if eye problems such as cataracts are more prevalent among the elderly, might light therapy aggravate the problem, even slightly?", Golden added. As to efficacy of light therapy for SAD and other non-seasonal depressive mood d...
In treatment of depression, cognitive therapy and medication both effective
... given paroxetine or placebo for eight weeks, with doses
increasing as tolerated. After eight weeks of treatment, for those unresponsive to paroxetine, treatment was augmented with lithium carbonate or desipramine hydrochloride. Patients in the cognitive therapy group attended 50-minute sessions twice week...
Once-a-month injectable medication helps treat alcohol dependence
...cohol dependence. However, adherence to daily oral doses
can be problematic, and clinical acceptance and utility of oral naltrexone have been limited. James C. Garbutt, M.D., of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, N.C., and colleagues conducted a study to determine the efficacy and safety of a...
Studies examine menopausal hormone therapy and risk of breast cancer recurrence
of estrogen and progestogen used in menopausal hor...ant unsolved problem," the authors write. "Because doses
of estrogen and progestogen and treatment regimens may be associated with the recurrence of breast c...
Belgium doctors treating critically ill infants favour legalising euthanasia
...l in Belgium. However, the study found that lethal doses
or lethal drugs were administered in 17 cases (9%). 95 (79%) of the 121 doctors thought that their professional duty sometimes includes the prevention of unnecessary suffering by hastening death and 69 (58%) of 120 supported legalisation of terminati...
University of Kentucky physician publishes fibromyalgia study in Arthritis & Rheumatism journal
...lgia were randomized to receive one of three daily doses
of Lyrica (150 mg, 300 mg, or 450 mg) or placebo. The primary objective was reduction in the severity of pain. Pain scores were recorded in daily diaries. On average, patients in the study were women in their late 40s who had a long history of fib...
Chemical present in clear plastics can impair learning and cause disease
of the environmental contaminant bisphenolA (BPA),...M.D., a research scientist at Yale, found that low doses
of BPA in female rats inhibit estrogeninduction of synaptic connections in the hippocampus, an area ...
Bad outcomes related to, but not caused by, misdosing of clotbusters in heart attack patients
...g blood flow to heart and saving heart muscle. The doses
of some of the drugs in this class are determined ...ent of the patients in ASSENT-2 received incorrect doses
of t-PA," Mehta said. "What is so fascinating is that we found the nearly same excess risk of misdos...
Combination vaccine produces lower immune response than vaccines administered separately
.... The inclusion of MenC would add a further 3 to 4 doses
to the U.S. regimen. The development of combination vaccines has become a priority. The combining of pneumococcal and meningococcal conjugate vaccines has the potential to spare U.S. infants up to 4 extra injections by age 18 months and to decrease p...
Adverse outcomes from blood clot therapy may be due to patient characteristics, not dosing errors
...gic event rates in patients who received incorrect doses
of fibrinolytic (clot-busting) agents, according t...orresponding placebo. Patients receiving incorrect doses
of alteplase or placebo were more likely to be older, female, black, shorter, have lower body weight...
Study challenges current treatment for mild asthma
...During the one-year study, participants took daily doses
of either a placebo or one of two anti-inflammatory medications -- inhalant corticosteroids or anti-leukotrienes. All participants also had use of clearly labeled inhalant steroid sprays to take for short periods for mild worsening of asthma, and pre...
Ovary removal elevates risk for Parkinson's disease and parkinsonism
...ved estrogen treatment after the surgery, received doses
that were generally lower than what is produced naturally by the ovaries and for a shorter number of years. Prior Mayo Clinic epidemiologic and laboratory studies have pointed to a role for estrogen in defending the brain from attack as a woman ages....
Northwestern Memorial researchers release study on smart-pump technology
...ion, consisting of software that checks programmed doses
against preset limits specific to a drug and clinical location. "The objectives of the study were to determine the actual types, frequency and severity of medication errors associated with IV pumps, and also determine if errors could have been prev...
Measuring enzymes at end of cancer pathway predicts outcome of Tarceva, Taxol
...different human breast cancer cell lines to varied doses
of Tarceva and then measured activity of the CDK enzymes. They found that tumor cell death was significantly dependent on whether CDK2 activity was repressed. They then double checked those findings by "putting CDK2 back," Ueno says. "We found that t...
Scientist works to reduce side effects of radiation therapy
...adiation. "The drugs are available and we know the doses
that patients can safely take," said Robbins. "If our theory is successful in the laboratory, this could easily be applied to patients. We know the drugs don't promote tumor growth, and in some cases may inhibit it." This is one of several research p...
Annals of Internal Medicine, tip sheet, April 19, 2005
...rent federal decision to stockpile only 75 million doses
of anthrax vaccine nationwide (Editorial, p. 667). Metformin and Lifestyle Changes Slow Metabolic Syndrome An analysis of data from a large randomized, controlled trial in which participants were assigned to take metformin, a drug that lowers bloo...
Combination chemotherapy shows small survival benefit in advanced stomach cancer
...is recommended, the review found that large single doses
of 5-FU were more likely to cause death than gradual intravenous administration. Combination chemotherapy is used on a variety of cancers, from lung cancer to endometrial cancers, and combination therapy is the preferred treatment for advanced stomac...
Increasing benefit seen in novel drug that treats Gleevec resistance
...N107, is showing an increasingly strong benefit as doses
are being steadily raised, say the researchers, wh...which patients are continuously being given higher doses
of the drug. "So the results change daily as patients fare increasingly better on higher doses," he ...
Study shows antibiotic treatment does not reduce risk of secondary cardiac events
... 4,012 men and women to receive either once-weekly doses
of Azithromycin or a placebo for one year, starting in 1999. After an average follow-up of 3.9 years, there was no significant reduction of cardiac events, defined as death, heart attack, unstable angina, angioplasty or cardiac surgery, among partici...
New study shows antibiotic treatment does not reduce risk of secondary cardiac events
... 4,012 men and women to receive either once-weekly doses
of azithromycin or placebo for one year. After an average follow-up of 3.9 years, there was no significant reduction of cardiac events, defined as death, heart attack, unstable angina, angioplasty or cardiac surgery, among participants receiving ant...
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