Tag: "drugs" at medical news

Insomnia, falls in elderly linked

...ikely to fall than untreated insomniacs." Hypnotic drugs are sleep-aiding medications that include many older, long-lasting drugs such as benzodiazepines and barbiturates, as well as newer, shorter lasting and commonly advertised ...

Once-a-month naltrexone successfully used to treat alcohol dependence

...le deaths a year. Naltrexone belongs to a class of drugs called opioid antagonists. Although many clinical trials have shown that oral naltrexone can be effective in treating alcohol dependence, its use in clinical practice has been limited, in part patients have to take the pill daily. In this trial condu...

'Promiscuous' area of brain could explain role of antidepressants

...or drug discovery in one of the biggest market for drugs those that treat symptoms of depression," said Dr. John Dani, professor of neuroscience at BCM and lead author of the study. Dani's study, funded by the National Institutes of Health, offers an alternative explanation for the delayed effect of most...

Belgium doctors treating critically ill infants favour legalising euthanasia

...anders, Belgium, favour the legalisation of lethal drugs to end the life of some critically ill babies and ...nclude withdrawing or withholding treatment, using drugs to alleviate pain that could potentially shorten life, or using drugs with the explicit intention of...

IOM report should end nevirapine controversy, HIVMA says

... attention to getting the best available anti-AIDS drugs to the millions who need them, including pregnant women." In its review of HIVNET 012, a study on single-dose nevirapine conducted in Uganda in the late 1990s funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH), IOM today found that the study was condu...

Liver may be source of 'good' cholesterol

... raise HDL levels, it might make sense to focus on drugs that target the liver," he said. Parks said research into Tangier disease is a good example of how learning more about a rare disease can lead to important new information. "When studying the basic mechanisms of a rare disorder you often learn lesso...

OHSU scientist helping explain basis of psychotic behavior

...thought to be essential to the brain's response to drugs of abuse, especially opiates and psychostimulants....sychotics, amphetamines and other drugs, including drugs of abuse, that trigger dopamine's release in the brain. The latest discovery could someday lead to t...

Breakthrough in national diseases

...ery reveals a new area of application for statins, drugs usually taken to lower cholesterol levels. Statins have been shown to reduce activity in this gene and thus produce anti-inflammatory effects. Statins have now been tested on MS patients and have been demonstrated to be beneficial in this very way. T...

Two drugs combined more cost-effective safer for managing arthritis in high-risk patients

...cost-effectiveness of a popular combination of two drugs and also included other factors that may affect th...monstrated that a combination therapy of two other drugs may prove more cost-effective and safer than Cox-2s. "The study is one of the first to assess the m...

Painless test using teardrops may speed diagnosis of Sjgren's syndrome

...ariety of medications, including anti-inflammatory drugs and special moisture replacement therapies for dryness. In the current study, Tomosugi and his associates analyzed the protein content of tears obtained from 31 patients diagnosed with Sjgrens syndrome (on the basis of conventional tests) and compare...

Exercise may not be good enough to reduce mild hypertension in older people, Hopkins experts say

...d. Moreover, its participants were not taking any drugs to reduce high blood pressure. For a six-month ... on exercise, although a comparison of exercise to drugs requires further study. "Our next research will continue to examine demonstrable benefits from exerc...

Chemical library aids in developing drug system for nerve damage

... or attraction, to a sugar that binds nerve repair drugs called heparin, as well as a nerve repair protein ...ues are looking for protein sequences that bind to drugs to help a drug delivery vehicle provide timed release of a drug. Such drug delivery systems are cal...

Breakthrough findings by Ume researchers link obesity to diabetes

...that block these receptors are prime candidates as drugs for preventing or curing diabetes and other complications of obesity....

Columbia research suggests need to rethink causes of heart failure

...f heart failure cases might be better treated with drugs to target specific disorders that are causing the heart failure - e.g. anemia, obesity, hypertension and diabetes - rather than the treatments currently prescribed specifically for heart failure. Heart failure is the currently the number one reason f...

Bad outcomes related to, but not caused by, misdosing of clotbusters in heart attack patients

...omplications in heart attack patients given potent drugs to re-open clogged arteries is more likely to be d...ely contributes to insufficient prescribing of the drugs to treat heart attacks. These findings are important, the researchers said, because approximately on...

Rats with migraines provide Jefferson scientists insights to improved drug strategy

...ring a migraine attack. Triptans, another class of drugs commonly used to treat migraines, can also treat acute headache pain, but has a narrow window in which it works against allodynia. Dr. Oshinsky looked at DHE's effectiveness on halting or lessening this secondary effect. According to Dr. Oshinsky, pu...

Bugs in the gut could help doctors develop individualised healthcare

...gut may lead to variations in the effectiveness of drugs between individuals and populations. Professor Jeremy Nicholson, from Imperial College London, and an author of the paper comments: "The discovery that these gut microbes play such an important role means we could have made the first step towards pro...

Study challenges current treatment for mild asthma

...inhaled corticosteroids or other anti-inflammatory drugs known as anti-leukotrienes are effective -- and ne... truly mild asthma to take these anti-inflammatory drugs every day," said Homer Boushey, MD, professor of medicine at UCSF and study co-leader. "This study w...

Delay in Alzheimer's disease onset seen for first time

...her than focusing on the effects of the particular drugs tested, Dr. Petersen indicates he is enthusiastic about the underlying concept -- causing any amount of postponement in the heretofore unstoppable progression of Alzheimer's disease. "This study may be the front-runner in shifting our sights toward e...

NY Academy of Sciences reveals how scientists plan to combat bioterrorism & deadly pathogens

...003, with its inaugural eBriefing on promising new drugs for autism, the Academy's eBriefings site at www.nyas.org has proven to be a vital source for thousands of people around the world eager to find out the latest news and research on topics such as diabetes, AIDS, RNAi machinery, vitamin E and health...

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(Date:7/28/2014)... team of researchers led by the University of Arizona ... The genetic information will enhance scientists, and agriculturalists, understanding ... as enable the development of new rice varieties that ... to help solve global hunger challenges. , The paper, ... ) and evidence for independent domestication," was published online ...
(Date:7/28/2014)... and organic compounds in hydrothermal environments are critical components ... for the deep biosphere, and may have implications for ... about how minerals influence organic reactions. A team ... a common mineral acts as a catalysts for specific ... solvents or expensive reagents. , At the heart of ...
(Date:7/28/2014)... Researchers at Yale School of Medicine have pinpointed a mechanism ... glucose levels in the blood, linking it to both type ... the July 28 issue of Proceedings of the National ... prolyl endopeptidase enzyme located in a part of the ... of steps in motion that control glucose levels in the ...
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