Tag: "estimate" at medical news

Consumers not getting accurate information about smokeless tobacco

...rom cigarette smoking, though some experts put the estimate at or near zero since snuff use has not been definitively linked to any fatal disease....

ACP guidelines to treat obesity cover diet, exercise, drugs and surgery

...ase and digestion difficulties. The ACP guidelines estimate that the death rate from bariatric surgery, including in-hospital and deaths within 30 days of discharge, ranges from 0.3 in a hundred to as high as 1.9 per 100 surgeries. ACP says that existing evidence shows a technical 'learning curve' in bariatri...

Tip sheet Annals of Internal Medicine, April 5, 2005

...ase and digestive difficulties. The ACP guidelines estimate that the death rate from bariatric surgery, including in-hospital deaths and deaths within 30 days of discharge, range from 0.3 per 100 surgeries to as high as 1.9 per 100 surgeries. ACP recommends that doctors and patients considering obesity surger...

Blood test can accurately diagnose heart failure in emergency patients

... completed, the attending physicians were asked to estimate the likelihood that the patients' symptoms were caused by heart failure, based on all available information except the NT-proBNP assay. For patients admitted to the hospital, the entire record of their stay was included in the study data. Sixty day...

No strong evidence linking mercury levels with worse neurobehavioral performance in older adults

...a single blood-mercury level may not be an optimal estimate of cumulative dose," the researchers conclude....

Being obese, underweight, associated with increased risk of death

...ttsville, Md., and colleagues conducted a study to estimate deaths associated with underweight, overweight, an...ose relative risks to the NHANES 1999-2002 data to estimate excess mortality in 2000. The researchers found that relative to the normal weight category (BMI 18...

Monoclonal antibody cures West Nile virus-infected mice

...for Disease Control and Prevention epidemiologists estimate that there are100 million cases of dengue worldwide every year. "A lot of what we're learning from the West Nile virus antibody will be of consequence for the development of a pediatric dengue vaccine," says co-author Daved Fremont, Ph.D., associate...

Chest x-rays may provide information to help detect osteoporosis in the elderly

...e of the JAMA/Archives journals. Previous studies estimate that 12 to 25 percent of people aged 50 to 60 years have one or more osteoporosis-related vertebral fracture, the most common fracture associated with osteoporosis, according to background information in the article. While only 30 percent of these fr...

Breast-cancer risk linked to exposure to traffic emissions at menarche, first birth

... emissions and intersection emissions were used to estimate total traffic PAH emissions. In addition, meteorological information was used in a geographic dispersion model to determine PAH exposure at each participant's residence. While the researchers found increased risk for exposure at menarche and firs...

Mayo Clinic researchers discover genetic glitch in the heart's electrical system

...drowning occurs that just does not make sense. "We estimate that 10 to 20 percent of these kind of drownings a..." says Dr. Ackerman. "Now we need to prove if that estimate is correct." To do so, Dr. Ackerman and colleagues are working to establish a national registry of u...

FDA approves Boostrix a new US vaccine for adolescents against pertussis

..., experts believe the disease is underreported and estimate that the true incidence of the disease in the United States may be greater than one million cases per year. Adolescents aged 10 19 are being hit particularly hard, with almost 40 percent of cases reported to the CDC in 2004 occurring in this age gr...

Vitamin D, taxotere combination promising for advanced prostate cancer

...en September 2002 and January 2004. Researchers estimate that subjects receiving DN-101 in combination with docetaxel survive 7.1 months longer than those who received docetaxel alone. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved docetaxel as the standard of care for AIPC last year. Survival benefits ...

New stomach cancer therapy potentially more convenient and better tolerated

...exas/M.D. Anderson Cancer Center. In 2005, experts estimate that 21,860 Americans will be diagnosed with stomach cancer during 2005 and another 11,550 will die from the disease. In addition to surgery, physicians today use a variety of chemotherapy drugs against stomach cancer. Yet researchers have not found...

Other highlights in the May 18 JNCI

...se-positive rate, but it has remained unclear. To estimate the effect of changes in the recall rate on the ea...ldwide--less than 1%--the researchers were able to estimate how changing this rate might change both detection and false-positive rates. They found that increas...

New kidney function test better than standard at predicting death and cardiovascular outcomes

... The standard evaluation of kidney function is an estimate of the kidney's rate of filtration--called the glomerular filtration rate (GFR)-- based on measurement of creatinine in the blood and a further calculation based on a patient's age, gender and race. Measurement of cystatin-C in the blood also appears...

NIST method improves timing in oscilloscopes

... with a calculation of an ideal wave to produce an estimate of total time errors due to distortion and jitter....t any frequency. It also provides the user with an estimate of the residual timing error after the correction process has been completed. The Timebase Correctio...

Lack of funds hampering important child health study

...children's health and development. The researchers estimate that they will need US$2.7 billion over 25 years, but they have hit problems securing the necessary funds. The study has already been delayed by a year. For the 2005 fiscal year US Congress appropriated less than half the $27 million the researchers ...

International adoptees have fewer behavior problems than domestic adoptees

...he medical literature from 1950 to January 2005 to estimate the effects of international adoption on behavioral problems and mental health referrals. The authors' meta-analyses compared the international adoptees to children who had not been adopted (controls) and to children who had been adopted within thei...

New data show the efficacy of EQUETRO in patients with Bipolar I Disorder

...iated with Bipolar I Disorder. Individual studies estimate lifetime prevalence for Bipolar I Disorder at more than 2 million American adults, or between 0.6 to 3.3 percent for lifetime incidence. "Carbamazepine extended-release capsules are an effective treatment option for patients with bipolar disorder," ...

Large survey suggests schizophrenia less prevalent than textbooks say

...consistent with key policy documents, but the 0.5% estimate for lifetime prevalence given in many textbooks is a significant overestimate. "This," the authors suggest, "is another example where the research community needs to review their belief systems in the face of data." Another often quoted statistic, na...

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(Date:7/30/2014)... A group of researchers from the University of Helsinki ... experimentally to reproduce in mice morphological changes which have ... gradual modifications in the embryonic development of mice teeth, ... morphologically are very similar to those observed in the ... millions of years ago. , To modify the ...
(Date:7/30/2014)... is pleased to announce its new relationship with the ... and CINP will partner to publish International Journal ... open-access journal. , Alan Frazer, Editor-in-Chief of IJNP ... expertise of OUP will further facilitate the goal for ... very leading journals within neuropsychopharmacology. The conversion of the ...
(Date:7/30/2014)... $1 million from the Cornelia Cogswell Rossi Foundation to ... , The newly established Connie Cogswell Rossi ... a greater breadth and depth of knowledge of neurobehavioral ... of research to improve human health. , The new ... Laboratory and its external partners, supporting research to enhance ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Scientists reproduce evolutionary changes by manipulating embryonic development of mice 2OUP to partner with the International College of Neuropsychopharmacology 2Rossi Foundation pledges $1M for JAX neurobehavioral research center 2
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