Tag: "expectancy" at medical news

Great (taste) expectations: Study shows brain anticipates taste, shifts gears

...at they report." In short, the new study shows how expectancy affects how humans perceive sensory input, and how events in the brain are directly related to those perceptions. Importantly, by mapping how the brain anticipates an event and kicks in a placebo effect, Nitschke argues, scientists can begin to think...

International breast health guidelines

...control of communicable diseases improves and life expectancy rises, the authors said. While evidence-based breast-cancer guidelines exist for high-resource countries, they are of little value to poorer countries. "Current evidence about the value of earlier diagnosis and cost-effective diagnosis and treatment ...

Caloric restriction appears to prevent primary aging in the heart

...d up living, but they certainly have a longer life expectancy than average because they're most likely not going to die from a heart attack, stroke or diabetes. And if, in fact, their hearts are aging more slowly, it's conceivable they'll live for a very long time." Members of the Caloric Restriction Optimal N...

Obesity in middle age raises heart disease, diabetes risk in older age

...aby boomers and from dramatic improvements in life expectancy for the entire population," said Yan. "The study findings also strongly support the need for population-wide, multifaceted, primary prevention at young age of all risk factors, including overweight and obesity, as a key element for the national effo...

Mayo Clinic reports new option for patients with metastatic melanoma

...ind treatment options that extend and improve life expectancy for patients." This study appears to have found one such option, with nearly half of the patients that received PC experiencing a clinical benefit of stable disease (19 percent) or tumor size reduction (26 percent). The National Cancer Institute r...

Money won't buy you happiness

..."among the unhappiest in the world" and their life expectancy is dropping. However, one can improve one's chance of happiness by being married, says the author. Married people live on average three years longer and have better health and wellbeing than the unmarried. Well developed family, social and communi...

EU and G8 countries must help Russia tackle its health crisis

...a is one of the few developed countries where life expectancy has fallen in recent years, writes Rifat Atun of Imperial College London. Russia's total life expectancy of 66 years lags behind that of Japan by 16 years, the European Union by 14 years, and the United St...

Lack of research hampering efforts to provide health services to homeless people

...ributes to a 25-fold greater risk of suicide. Life expectancy for the homeless averages just 42 years. While commending health-care workers who have adapted to the needs of the homeless by bringing mobile services to the kerbside and clinics to hostels, The Lancet comments: "The paucity of validated research ...

Radiation treatment prolonged liver cancer patients' lives, U-M study finds

...re patients that we estimate would have had a life expectancy of nine, maybe 12 months. They also did not have any surgical or other local treatment options. So a median survival of 17 months in such patients is quite a substantial improvement and definitely clinically relevant," says lead study author Edgar Be...

Age alone influences risk of death and disease for octogenarians after heart surgery

...year 2010, as the younger population ages and life expectancy rises. "An increasing number of octogenarians undergoing coronary revascularization or valve surgery are certain to strain an already burdened health care system," they assert. "It is, therefore, incumbent on researchers to develop more refined alg...

Patients regain cognitive function after radiation for brain tumors

...bility and spatial problem solving. "Average life expectancy for these patients is three to 10 years and because there are no curative treatments for this type of cancer, a high priority is given to maintaining cognitive function and hence quality of life for as long as possible," said Brown. "This study shows...

Physical activity improves life expectancy and cardiovascular health

... activity levels have a significant effect on life expectancy or on time spent with and without cardiovascular d...s of different levels of physical activity on life expectancy and years lived with and without cardiovascular disease among people age 50 and older. They used da...

Drug may help prevent cardiovascular disease in type 2 diabetes patients

...t attack in this group is high and can reduce life expectancy by an average of 5-10 years. A class of drugs called fibrates can correct abnormal concentrations of lipids in type 2 diabetes patients, however, their role in preventing cardiovascular events in this setting has been unclear until now. The FIELD stu...

Minimally invasive surgery may increase options for octogenarians with some lung cancers

...ct to live another 8.6 years, but the average life expectancy of a patient with untreated or palliated early-stage NSCLC is only 1.5 years. "If you knew that you could get several additional years to live by having a procedure with low risk and good success in preventing widespread cancer, you might want the o...

Evacuation of elders during disasters to be addressed at GSA's upcoming annual meeting

...e to Prevent Disability: The LIFE Study: As life expectancy increases, prevention of disability has emerged as a major clinical and public health priority. A critical factor in an older person's ability to function independently is mobility, the ability to move about without assistance. Older people who lose ...

Retiring early is not linked to longer life

...at early retirement is associated with longer life expectancy and later retirement is associated with early death. But no consensus has been reached on the effect of early retirement on survival. The study took place in the US state of Texas and involved over 3,500 employees of the petrochemical industry who re...

Research Australia unveils top 12 issues threatening our children's health

...ng Australian Children 1. Indigenous Health life expectancy for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders is an alarming 20 years behind that for all Australians, indigenous babies die at three times the rate of other Australians and children at double the rate. 2. Mental Health experts are convinced more and m...

New insights into cost-effectiveness of implanted heart device

...t the other six trials added significantly to life expectancy but at an increased cost, and that compared to con... therapy, the cost of this additional gain in life expectancy was in the range of commonly accepted cost-effectiveness values." "It is estimated that it would cos...

Special issue on cystic fibrosis in The Journal of Pediatrics

...educed cost, and projects intended to improve life expectancy and quality of life through consistent, high-quali... that more than a 10-year increase in average life expectancy could be achieved using current approaches if they were applied consistently according to best pract...

Updated guideline: Carotid endarterectomy beneficial for stroke prevention in some patients

...dered if the patient has at least a five-year life expectancy and if the surgery can be done with a low complication rate. "The evidence of this guideline points out an effective method of stroke prevention in certain people," said Seemant Chaturvedi, MD, guideline author and director of the Wayne State Univers...

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(Date:7/24/2014)... different effects on different species of fish, according ... Bristol and Exeter which tested fish anti-predator behaviour. ... flying seagull predator model when exposed to additional ... minnows. , Lead author Dr Irene Voellmy ... levels in many aquatic environments have increased substantially ...
(Date:7/24/2014)... meaning the microbial populations found on surfaces in the ... final flavor according to research published ahead of print ... This is the first time investigators have taken a ... sake makers inoculate with both bacteria and yeast, says ... California, Davis, but he and his colleagues investigated a ...
(Date:7/24/2014)... NJIT this week for an all-day public forum on ... Agency (EPA) to dredge toxic sediment from an eight-mile ... has called the plan, which proposes removing 4.3 million ... the riverbed, one of the largest cleanups in the ... disposed off-site. , "We need to ensure the future ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):The microbes make the sake brewery 2Experts Weigh the Pros and Cons of a $1.7 Billion EPA Cleanup Plan for the Passaic River at an NJIT 2
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