Tag: "fat" at medical news

Emory University researchers find persistent and severe asthma associated with obesity

...tion with the hormone leptin, which is produced by fat cells and plays a role in body weight regulation. ... studying how weight loss and hormones produced by fat cells affect the airways of both patients with asthma as well as healthy adults....

More pounds equals worse asthma?

...n between the hormone leptin, which is produced by fat cells and plays a role in body weight regulation, and inflammation of airways seen in asthma. Obesity also may impact the lungs in other ways to increase the risk of asthma. A recent review of studies, which was published in the ATS's own American J...

Scavenger cells may have role blocking obesity, Stanford study shows

...athogen. But in recent years, macrophages found in fat tissue of obese animals have been fingered as the ...is that macrophages are lost in the case of excess fat consumption, and those lost are specifically the ones that undergo the alternative activation progra...

Researchers investigate impact of lifestyle on GI health

...determines your overall appetite, as absorption of fat in the small intestine induces the feeling of being full and slows down gastric emptying. The aim of this study was to investigate whether a fatty soup consumed before a meal might reduce food intake in both lean and obese subjects and whether this ...

Erectile dysfunction -- the canary in the mineshaft?

...ns, including elevated blood pressure, excess body fat around the waist and insulin resistance. Many patients with these conditions also exhibit endothelial dysfunction with increases in oxidative stress and decreases in nitric oxide production which has been related to erectile dysfunction (ED). Resear...

Transplanting human gut bugs into mice helps understanding of metabolic system

... microbes have in determining how the body absorbs fat and digests fibre, and their effects on metabolic ... are also hormonal regulators which change the way fat is processed in the liver, so changes made by gut microbes to bile acid metabolism can affect this i...

Veterans exposed to Agent Orange have higher rates of prostate cancer recurrence

...he carcinogen, dioxin, which can be stored in body fat and is believed to make its way into the cell nucleus and work as a tumor promoter. In the past, relatively higher mortality rates have been found in chemical plant workers and farmers with prostate cancer who were exposed to dioxin, the researchers ...

Eating apples and fish during pregnancy may protect against childhood asthma and allergies

...juice, citrus or kiwi fruit, whole grain products, fat from dairy products or margarine or other low-fat spreads. The researchers studied 1212 children born to women who had filled out food questionnaires during their pregnancy. When the children were 5 years old, the mothers filled out a questionnaire ...

Statin use linked with decreased prostate cancer mortality rates, lower PSA levels

...arch has indicated a possible link between dietary fat intake and prostate cancer. Research presented today at the 102nd Annual Scientific Meeting of the American Urological Association explores the effect statin medications (which work to reduce low-density lipoprotein, or LDL, levels) may have on prost...

Reducing cardiovascular disease risk factors when discontinuing hormone replacement therapy

...ference, total cholesterol and LDL-C, had improved fat intake and increased leisure physical activity, when compared to the health education group. In general, HRT discontinuation resulted in an increase in total cholesterol and LDL-C. In the health education group, HRT discontinuers averaged over 22...

Obesity increases risk of injury on the job

...ournal of Epidemiology. BMI is a measure of body fat based on an adult's height and weight. It is used to screen for weight categories that may lead to health problems. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, a BMI below 18.5 is considered underweight, 18.524.9 is normal; 2529.9 is...

Low-glycemic load diet may be more effective for dieters with certain insulin response patterns

...her insulin secretion affects weight loss and body fat loss among obese individuals with different diets....earchers found that change in body weight and body fat percentage did not differ between the diet groups overall. However, for those with insulin concentra...

Calcium plus vitamin D supplements may help prevent weight gain in postmenopausal women

...nt. These nutrients may stimulate the breakdown of fat cells and suppress the development of new ones. Bette Caan, Dr.P.H., of Kaiser Permanente Northern California, Oakland, and colleagues studied 36,282 postmenopausal women age 50 to 79 who were enrolled in the Women's Health Initiative clinical tria...

Eggs promote weight loss and help close nutrient consumption gap

...es that examined dietary cholesterol and saturated fat together. Research on the independent effect of dietary cholesterol shows no significant effect on heart disease risk. A relative risk study conducted by the Washington, DC-based scientific consulting firm Exponent concluded that eggs' contributi...

Early onset of poor bone mineralization revealed in children with cystic fibrosis

...nd that ideal weight for height, fat-free mass and fat mass values decreased significantly as the children aged. Also, pulmonary disease severity increased significantly, mainly in adolescents, as shown by the higher proportion of CF patients colonized with P.auruginosa (gram negative bacteria) and by lo...

Higher calcium and vitamin D intakes positively associated with brain lesions in older men and women

...than those who did not follow such a diet but that fat intake in general was not a significant factor. If...t, the researchers asked, what was it about a high fat dairy diet that accounts for the positive correlation with brain lesions? This new study points the ...

Highlights from the May 2007 Journal of the American Dietetic Association

...unts of calories, protein, carbohydrates and total fat than non-snackers. Snacks accounted for about one-... snackers daily calories, about one-fifth of their fat intake and 14 percent of their protein. "This study shows snacking is an important dietary behavio...

LAP-BAND System surgery improves insulin resistance

...ity is defined as BMI>30 kg/m2. Excess body fat is not simply a cosmetic problem; it constitutes a...e tissue can become grossly abnormal. In addition, fat becomes deposited in the pancreas, liver and muscle, leading to metabolic derangements such as insul...

Your brain and hormones may conspire to make you fat

Washington Why do some people get fat even when they eat relatively little? What creates...o send messages like Eat a lot now, and Go for the fat and sugar. Four physiologists will clarify the latest research on the brains role in obesity, duri...

Exercise can cut coronary artery disease risk for some with MS

...nd glucose. Anthropometric (body weight, BMI, body fat percentage) measures and blood pressure were also ...ly, there was a 6 percent decrease in percent body fat (pre: 29.6 5.8 percent; post: 27.9 7.6), a 23 percent decrease in triglycerides (pre: 7.75 2.2 mm...

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(Date:4/18/2014)... NC Ancient DNA adds a twist to the story ... to be published April 21 in the journal Proceedings ... from the bones of chickens that lived 200-2300 years ago ... ago domestic chickens may have looked far different from the ... of the traits we associate with modern domestic chickens -- ...
(Date:4/18/2014)... comet impacts can cause widespread ecological havoc, killing off ... But new research from Brown University shows that impacts ... the time of an impact. , A research team ... of leaves and preserved organic compounds lodged inside glass ... material could provide a snapshot of environmental conditions at ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... most densely forested and most densely populated quadrant of ... needs, values and practices. Disturbances associated with those needs, ... development, have set the stage for management issues of ... , The report Five anthropogenic factors that will ... Northern United States was published recently by ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Ancient DNA offers clues to how barnyard chickens came to be 2Impact glass stores biodata for millions of years 2Impact glass stores biodata for millions of years 3Five anthropogenic factors that will radically alter northern forests in 50 years 2Five anthropogenic factors that will radically alter northern forests in 50 years 3
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