Tag: "finding" at medical news

Study: obesity impairs immune response of mice, boosts chances of dying from influenza infection

...se organisms by engulfing them. "Another important finding was the reduced ability of natural killer cells in the obese animals," she said. "Natural killer cells are another central component of the early immune response. They limit viral replication by killing infected cells and have been shown to be import...

Teens believe oral sex is safer, more acceptable to peers

...tch their own situations," she said. One troubling finding of the study was the teens' perception of the health risks of oral sex. Most of the participants recognized that there is some risk of infection with sexually transmitted diseases such as chlamydia and HIV, and accurately ranked this risk less than w...

Different antipsychotic medications may have different effects on brain volume

...ared on brain volume measures. "The principle new finding of this study is the significant difference in the course and magnitude of these changes between patients treated with haloperidol, a conventional antipsychotic, and olanzapine, an atypical antipsychotic," the authors report. "Specifically, olanzapin...

Angiogenesis factor may help tumors prepare the way for spread to lymph nodes

...the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology describe finding that VEGF-A promotes the development of lymphatic ...e a metastatic tumor develops. Another unexpected finding was that the metastatic lymph nodes of transgenic mice, which continued to overexpress VEGF-A, activ...

Metabolic side effects of antipsychotics are known, but rarely monitored

...mpact of long-term use of atypicals. "We are still finding in most of our cognition studies that the older dr...term use of risperidone or Risperdal. "What we are finding in this study is that risperidone actually decreases alpha 7 nicotinic receptors in the hippocampus ...

Exercise, stress management show physiological benefits for heart patients

...r or slower in response to pressure changes. "This finding is important because past studies have demonstrated that abnormally low baroreflex sensitivity has been shown to be associated with worse outcomes for patients with heart disease--improvement may produce clinical benefits," Blumenthal said. Additiona...

Less cognitive impairment seen in women taking drug for osteoporosis

...odulates the activity of the hormone estrogen. The finding was published in the April 2005 issue of the American Journal of Psychiatry. Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) affects more than one-third of women and one-fifth of men aged 65 and older. It reduces short-term memory and is associated with a significan...

Risk of HIV transmission highest in early stage of infection

...he challenge now," they said, "is to waste no time finding the most creative strategies to incorporate the results of this study into global HIV prevention efforts."...

Hormonal birth control, bacterial infections in women linked to increased shedding of type-2 herpes

...epo-Provera) affects shedding frequency. The novel finding that some vaginal bacterial infections are also linked to a higher frequency of HSV-2 shedding could be important in controlling the spread of HSV-2. "BV is an infection that is readily treatable, and treatment for it is effective," Dr. Cherpes said....

Asthmatics naturally deficient in antiviral immunity, report scientists

...and other viruses, scientists have discovered. The finding reported in the latest issue of the Journal of Experimental Medicine, helps to explain why asthmatics are more susceptible to respiratory virus infections -- the cause of the vast majority of acute asthma attacks in both adults and children. The rese...

Insomnia, falls in elderly linked

...ons are only one way of treating insomnia, the new finding has implications for the way sleep problems are addressed -- or not addressed -- in nursing homes, and perhaps for the prevention of falls that often trigger major health crises in the elderly. "Many physicians assume that when an older patient has ...

A possible new phase for rheumatoid arthritis treatment

...al cell related cytokines in synovial fluid. This finding of a distinct phase of rheumatoid arthritis, immediately after the onset of clinical symptoms, provides a new rationale for the very early treatment of rheumatoid arthritis - before the disease develops into a long-term condition. The synovium, the c...

People can learn motor skills by watching

...ronments on the basis of visual information." "The finding that subjects can learn something useful about novel force environments on the basis of observation is remarkable, given the complex relationship between movement kinematics and associated time-varying neural control signals to muscles," they wrote....

Money doesn't buy happiness - - except when disability strikes

...s after disability set in, the researchers say the finding has important implications for such things as personal savings, retirement planning and "safety net" government programs for the seriously ill and disabled. The study will be published in an upcoming issue of Psychological Science, the flagship jour...

OHSU researchers demonstrate how Alzheimer's disease impacts important brain cell function

...bstract thought all affected by Alzheimer's this finding appears to be significant. Furthermore, we noticed that synaptic protein levels were even lower in the brains of patients in the early stages of Alzheimer's disease. This suggests to us that the loss of these important proteins happens very early in...

People with peanut allergy at risk of allergic reaction to lupin flour

...nd catering foods, and a small number of these are finding their way into the UK. The authors suggest that people with a peanut allergy should avoid all products containing lupin flour until they can be specifically tested to see if they are susceptible. The report details the case of a 25-year-old woman who...

Competition in health care may not result in better quality

... health policy administration at Penn State. "This finding seems counterintuitive, but it is possible that more HMO competition may result in providers finding it difficult to respond to competing quality initiatives. Also, competition may be focused more on ...

Liver may be source of 'good' cholesterol

...st of the body's "good" cholesterol, an unexpected finding that might one day help scientists develop new tre...id Parks, a professor of pathology. Parks said the finding could be important in drug development. "If we want to raise HDL levels, it might make sense to focu...

Certain weight control behaviors may precipitate obesity among adolescent girls

...overeating to comfort or distract one's self, this finding in the study also showed that lack of serotonin that is usually inherent in depression also leads individuals to consume excessive amounts of carbohydrate-rich foods in an effort to regulate his or her serotonin levels. These foods can lead to gainin...

Nature provides inspiration for important new adhesive

...and board, and the laminated veneer lumber that is finding increasing use to replace conventional joists and beams in construction. Techniques have also been explored to create the new adhesives from tree bark or wood decayed by brown rot fungus. Regardless of the material used to produce the adhesives, the...

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(Date:11/10/2014)... appearing on U.S. store shelves in early 2010, and ... The small packets can be tossed into a washing ... or powder. The convenience, though, has come with risks ... at Nationwide Children,s Hospital found that from 2012 through ... children younger than 6 years of age swallowing, inhaling, ...
(Date:11/6/2014)... because of metastasis, yet progress in preventing and ... "It,s been particularly challenging to design drugs that ... in systems biology at Harvard Medical School. ... they,ve already metastasized." , Gujral and colleagues have ... researchers better understand how metastasis begins. Their findings ...
(Date:11/5/2014)... de Janeiro, Brazil -Individuals show great diversity in their ... males and females greatly differ in their perceptual evaluation ... of smell tests. , Sex differences in ... behaviors and may be connected to one,s perception of ... emotions. Thus, women,s olfactory superiority has been suggested to ...
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