Tag: "genetic" at medical news
Cruciferous vegetables may help some people protect against lung cancer
...bbage family could help individuals with a certain genetic
make-up reduce their risk of lung cancer, suggests...ies have shown a protective effect. But a person's genetic
status may influence or mask this effect. Cruciferous vegetables are rich in isothiocyanates, which ...
Gene for B-cell development factor might be involved in multiple sclerosis
...MS) patients are more likely to carry two specific genetic
variations in the Early B-cell factor gene (EBF-1)...le in the disorder. As such, they could be used as genetic
markers for MS. Alfonso Martinez and colleagues from the Hospital Clinico San Carlos, in Madrid, Spa...
Novel discovery of 'DCDC2' gene associated with dyslexia
...en and adults. The researchers also found that a genetic
alteration in DCDC2 leads to a disruption in the f...brain circuits that make it possible to read. This genetic
alteration is transmitted within families. "These promising results now have the potential to lead ...
WA team uses baby tooth to solve death mystery
...ase such as this. "Using this sort of technique in genetic
counselling situations is very rare, but given that it's technically simple to do, and has had such enormous benefits for the family, I suspect it could become more common," he said....
Studies clarify risk factors for mother-to-child transmission of hepatitis C virus
...thesized that their result may reflect hormonal or genetic
differences between men and women in susceptibility or response to infection. Other risk factors significantly associated with transmission were the time in labor (a risk factor in both studies) and use of internal fetal monitoring devices (a risk fa...
Clinical trial in China to test whether early blood pressure reduction improves stroke outcomes
...h blood pressure in the population and possibly to genetic
factors. "Despite the magnitude of the burden imposed by this disease, and the high cost to health services, there is no widely available treatment for the condition. However, early rapid blood pressure lowering shows considerable promise as a wid...
New clues into causes of scleroderma
...pport to cells and are involved in the movement of genetic
material during cell division. When microtubules become destabilized, a complex process ensues which leads to the excessive TGF-beta pathway activation, and consequent accumulation of collagen, the primary component of fibrotic tissue. "We've learned...
New study shows women more vulnerable to risk of colorectal cancer from tobacco
...to Dr. Zisman, "Understanding interactions between genetic
and environmental factors, such as smoking and alcohol use, is critical for colorectal cancer risk stratification, and will help us design effective screening strategies." Dr. Zisman and her colleagues looked at women's susceptibility compared to m...
Causes of primary biliary cirrhosis
...ture efforts should concentrate on interactions of genetic
and environmental factors in relation to PBC. They propose a worldwide gene database for PBC patients and family members as well as animal studies with the identified agents. "Only these combined efforts will provide the solution to the enigma of PBC...
New therapeutic target identified in inherited brain tumor disorder
...ying a mouse model of neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1), a genetic
condition that causes childhood brain tumors, have found their second new drug target in a year, a protein called methionine aminopeptidase-2 (MetAP2). An established drug, fumagillin, is already known to suppress the activity of MetAP2. Researchers...
Diabetic blacks have less coronary artery disease than diabetic whites
...s these biologic differences. Perhaps inherited or genetic
influences may contribute to these differences." He said that these differences are in line with the results from two large clinical studies. These studies revealed that the risk of heart attack in blacks was half that in whites, when access to care...
American Thoracic Society journal news tips for November 2005 (first issue)
...wo or more relatives with pulmonary fibrosis since genetic
susceptibility plays a significant role in the dev...9 affected persons and 360 unaffected. Other than genetic
susceptibility, three additional traits were associated with the development of this disease: older ...
The 2nd WADA Symposium On Gene Doping
... darker side: gene doping--the unscrupulous use of genetic
modification to enhance athletic ability by athlet...doping scientists are working vigorously alongside genetic
scientists so that, as new therapeutic methods are being developed, anti-doping scientists are findi...
Tryptophan no turkey in boosting immune system, Stanford study shows
...nman, MD, and his lab generally focus on high-tech genetic
therapies for diseases of the brain and nervous system. But his latest paper, to be published in the Nov. 4 issue of Science, breaks new ground on the effects of tryptophan - an amino acid found in turkey, among other foods, that is rumored to cause ...
New findings help explain how brain pathways control body weight
... was controlling energy expenditure. Using a novel genetic
engineering technique, the scientists generated MC4R deficient mice in which the MC4R could be selectively reactivated. This allowed them to manipulate gene expression in a small subpopulation of neurons.With this specialized technique, Balthasar dis...
New Muscular Dystrophy Cooperative Research Centers announced
...erative Research Centers focusing on this group of genetic
muscle-wasting diseases. The late Senator Wellsto...ibute to DMD. A clinical project aims to identify genetic
modifiers of the disease, and two laboratory studies focus on muscle cell damage and muscle growth a...
UCSF surgeon develops new spinal surgery technique
...fibromas can occur as a sporadic condition or as a genetic
disorder such as neurofibromatosis. While a common type of spinal tumor, neurofibromas are challenging lesions to approach surgically, according to Ames. Found at the base of the skull on or near the spine, the tumors often sit just below the brain s...
Johns Hopkins celebrates its first century of neuroscience
...s or even prevention. These scientists are probing genetic
ties to diseases like bipolar disorder and Parkinson's, or looking for targets that might help prevent secondary damage that occurs after stroke, or trying to unravel the complex factors that lead to cells' death in diseases like muscular dystrophies...
Penn researchers utilize MRI for early diagnosis of schizophrenia
...a early, utilizing MRI along with other tools like genetic
disposition, behavioral profiles and functional imaging -- before a patient actually develops the disease -- we can try to delay the onset of the disease and hopefully have a better outcome for the rest of their life." "Despite the high accuracy with...
Aspirin & similar drugs may cut risk of esophageal cancer in people with Barrett's esophagus
...inhibit progression toward cancer, and to identify genetic
markers of increased risk so the disease can be prevented or detected early, while it is still curable.The Barrett's research team, led by Hutchinson Center researcher Brian J. Reid, M.D., Ph.D., and co-author of The Lancet Oncology paper, has shown ...
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