Tag: "gut" at medical news

Stanford researchers find culprit in aging muscles that heal poorly

...ntial benefits could include tissues such as skin, gut and bone marrow, or for that matter, potentially any tissue, such as liver and brain, in which stem cells contribute to normal cellular turnover. Rando and his colleagues made the discovery while studying the effect of environment on muscle stem ce...

The Burroughs Wellcome Fund awards $8 million to infectious disease investigators

...uillemin, Ph.D. University of Oregon Regulation of gut epithelial cell homeostasis by the microbiota Lo...s Innate immune responses to commensal bacteria at gut epithelial surfaces Eckhard Jankowsky, Ph.D. Case Western Reserve University Molecular mechanisms ...

Novel treatments may help alleviate constipation, IBS in women

...ks on a transmembrane protein in the lining of the gut called guanylate cyclase-C (GC-C). Specific gut hormones utilize GC-C to regulate intestinal fluid secretion. Linaclotide is unique in that it exer...

Transplanting human gut bugs into mice helps understanding of metabolic system

... journal Molecular Systems Biology. Bugs in the gut are known as gut microbes and they live symbiotically in human and animal bodies. The new study involved understandin...

Ruling out pulmonary embolism with a simple bedside protocol

... study design captured the physicians "gestalt" or gut instinct of how likely they thought PE was on their list. The results showed that fully two thirds of all testing is done in patients where the physician believed that the probability of PE was less than 15%. In the best case, this study could redu...

AGA Institute takes leadership role in exploring obesity and its complications

...of London and colleagues review the role played by gut hormones in appetite and weight by regulating when and how much individuals eat for every meal. Obesity, Inflammation and Insulin Resistance - Steven E. Shoelson, MD, PhD, Joslin Diabetes Center and Harvard Medical School and colleagues discuss the p...

Why GNEP can't jump to the future

...grams whose budgets President Bush is proposing to gut in FY 2008. In particular, major questions have been raised about the magnitude and costs of radioactive wastes stemming from the GNEP program. To help legislators and the American public bridge this information gap, the Institute for Policy Studi...

Traditional Chinese medicinal herbs may help women with breast cancer

...miting and fatigue, as well as inflammation of the gut lining, decreased numbers of red and white blood cells and decreased numbers of blood platelets. Chinese medicinal herbs include mixtures of herbal compounds or extracts from herbs, and they are prescribed to counteract the side effects of chemothe...

Help the Aged funds the University of Nottingham to research pain affecting older people

.... The condition is formed by pouching in the lower gut which can be painful, and, if infection sets in, can also be life-threatening. Dr David Humes, said: Our aim is to discover whether inflammation of the bowels causes the pain of diverticular disease. We will test new anti-inflammatory drugs to se...

The plague as a weapon?

...bacterium Yersinia Pestis, which multiplies in the gut fleas which have fed on blood from infected aminal...in the proventriculus the tube which connects the gut and the oesophagus of the flea. This blockage causes the flea to continually regurgitate and feed ag...

A spoonful of sugar makes the medicine go to work

...fied one of the trillions of bacteria in the human gut so that it will produce human growth factors which...wn medicine as and when they need it. "The human gut has a huge number of bacteria, and this treatment simply adapts what's there naturally to treat the ...

Could the ability to expel worms lead to a future asthma treatment?

...sites since early in evolution, tissues lining the gut and lungs of mice and humans have developed ways t...worms. Helper T cells release chemicals that cause gut cells to rapidly divide and reproduce (grow). As new cells are created, older, outer, infested layer...

Mayo Clinic discovers potential link between celiac disease and cognitive decline

...equences of the disease, including symptoms in the gut or the brain. For celiac disease patients who have already developed cognitive decline, closely following a gluten-free diet may result in some symptom improvement, he says. For those with cognitive decline without a confirmed diagnosis of celiac dis...

Studies identify food sources of disease and drug resistance

...r antibiotic resistance by Enterococcus faecium, a gut bacterium that is an increasing cause of hospital ...chinery. To reduce or remove the risk of resistant gut bacteria, however, the editorial authors say the answer is easy: "Ban antibiotic growth promoters!"...

Stubborn ulcerative colitis responds to arthritis drug, review finds

...e "an abnormal interaction between bacteria in the gut and the immune system," Higgins said. Meanwhile, "mechanisms that lead to a reduction of inflammation in response to bacterial products are defective, so the body has a hard time 'resetting' itself, and the inflammation becomes chronic," said Geral...

Researchers discover gut tissue to be a major reservoir harboring HIV

FINDINGS: UCLA researchers have found the human gut to be a major reservoir harboring the HIV virus --...rson's blood. In addition, the virus stored in the gut does not decay or reduce over time, as is also the case with blood-related reservoirs. It is well-kn...

Researchers identify antibiotic protein that defends the intestine against microbial invaders

...nown for decades that microbial cells in the human gut outnumber the body's own cells by about 10 to 1. H...it hasn't been clear how we keep these microscopic gut dwellers from invading our tissues and causing infections. To help answer this question, Dr. Hoop...

Researchers demonstrate potential mechanism of food allergy

...3 may provide a surrogate method of looking at the gut without invasive tests like biopsies," according to M. Cecilia Berin, PhD, assistant professor, pediatrics/allergy and immunology, Mount Sinai and lead author of the study. Results of this study showed that CD23 was detectable in stool samples fro...

Gut microbes' partnership helps body extract energy from food, store it as fat

... between members of our vast community of friendly gut microorganisms have shown that two common organism...m-free mice, colonization with two prominent human gut microbes led to fatter mice. Scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis cal...

Hypnotherapy improves quality of life for people with Irritable Bowel Syndrome

...sessions that focussed on creating images of their gut symptoms using visualisation techniques in conjunction with relaxation methods. Self-hypnosis was taught at an early stage and patients were given audio tapes, that reinforced the effects of the hypnotherapy, to use at home. They also completed deta...

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(Date:4/17/2014)... New Rochelle, NY, April 17, 2014The development of stem ... on the ability to characterize stem cell populations based ... Cross have discovered a new marker that is highly ... human umbilical cord blood, which they describe in an ... journal from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers. The article ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... Professor Marc Andr Gauthier and Professor Luca Razzari ... each been awarded large grants from the John ... for Innovation (CFI) for the acquisition of state-of-the-art ... be added matching grants from the Ministre de ... et de la Technologie (MESRST). These new laboratories ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... German . ... also provide us with a continuous stream of information about ... sit still in a car the world glides by ... Seemingly without effort, our brain calculates self-motion from this "optic ... a steady gaze during our own movements. Together with biologists ...
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