Tag: "gut" at medical news
Embargoed materials for Complementary & Integrative Medicine Conference
...healthy living-for example, bacteria living in the gut
and intestines are important for digestion and illness or antibiotic treatment that disturbs them can cause diarrhea. Probiotic supplements, which contain helpful bacteria such as those in the genus Lactobacillus, inhibit pathogenic bacteria, prevent...
Low carbohydrate diet did not increase bone loss, study finds
...carbohydrate diets absorb less calcium through the gut
and excrete more calcium in the urine, so you'd expect they would be leaching their bones." Dr. Carter emphasized he does not advocate strict low-carbohydrates for long-term weight management. Such diets may adversely overload the kidneys with protei...
AGA Institute presents cutting-edge research during DDW
...l describe the pivotal role Wnt signaling plays in gut
development and repair and characterize how Wnt contributes to the formation of tumors in the GI tract. Late-Breaking Session On Tuesday, May 23 from 2:15 p.m. - 3:45 p.m. (room 501 A/B/C), AGA will feature their late-breaking clinical abstracts, w...
Packard scientists announce first international gene search for typical ALS
...dy should make finding those genes far easier. "My gut
feeling," Traynor says, "is that we'll find several tied to the disease." "But even if get no associations, that's still a powerful result," he says. "That would suggest sporadic ALS isn't gene-based, that we should focus instead on the environment."...
Hormone found to decrease appetite and increase activity
...ow topping up the levels of a hormone found in the gut
could help reduce the appetite and increase activity in overweight and obese people. The study now being pre-published online in the International Journal of Obesity shows how the team from Imperial College London gave injections of oxyntomodulin to...
Probiotics ease gut problems caused by long term stress
Probiotics may help to reduce gut
symptoms caused by long term stress, indicates res...The researchers base their findings on analysis of gut
tissue taken from rats subjected to either water avoidance stress, which involves placing the rat on...
Novel and pioneering research offers hope for cardiovascular disease
...ins to block arthritis, blindness, lung sepsis and gut
inflammation in experimental animal models, as well as inhibit tumour growth by blocking angiogenesis, the formation of new blood vessels," said Professor Khachigian. The next challenge for Levon Khachigian and his team is demonstrating how his tools...
Yale researchers identify gene depth protects against kidney stones
...target for drugs to boost oxalate secretion in the gut
and help prevent kidney stones, said Peter Aronson, M.D., professor of internal medicine and physiology and senior author of the study. The most common type of kidney stones are composed of calcium oxalate. The transporter, known as SLC26A6, normally...
Plant sterol pills significantly lower LDL cholesterol
...ls can reduce the absorption of cholesterol in the gut
by competing with cholesterol to get absorbed and transported into the body. When consumed in the diet, sterols are known to lower cholesterol levels, but sterols are not readily absorbed in the intestine unless they have been dissolved in something ...
Carbon monoxide soothes inflammatory bowel disease
...pathogens. But chronic production of IL-12 in the gut
also drives the inflammation that causes ulcerative colitis. Inhaled CO inhibited the production of IL-12, short-circuiting the disease-causing inflammation. The researchers are now trying to unravel the specific cellular components that are require...
Cedars-Sinai medical tipsheet for December 2005
... a nonabsorbable antibiotic one that stays in the gut
may be an effective long-term treatment for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The findings, which showed that participants benefited from the antibiotic use even after the course of treatment ended, support previously published research identifying sm...
JCI table of contents: December 1, 2005
... Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) produced by the gut
acts as a hormone, causing cells in the pancreas to make and release insulin to facilitate glucose uptake in the liver and muscle. As a result, GLP-1 has become the basis for new treatments for type 2 diabetes. Besides the gut, the other major site o...
IBS study shows that targeted antibiotics lead to long-lasting improvement in symptoms
... a nonabsorbable antibiotic one that stays in the gut
may be an effective long-term treatment for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), a disease affecting more than an estimated 20 percent of Americans. The findings, which showed that participants benefited from the antibiotic use even after the course of ...
New class of drug reduces post-operative vomiting
...used drugs, like ondansetron, block signals in the gut
and chemoreceptor trigger zone (CTZ), which is located in the brainstem. Typically, a nausea impulse begins in the CTZ, travels to the vomiting center within the brain, and then on to the stomach, Gan explained. "However, not only are there NK-1 rece...
The Cochrane Library newsletter, 2005, Issue 4
...s occur when this tissue becomes loosened from the gut
lining, or if it starts bleeding or itching. These hemorroids can often be treated by general practitioners, but may need hospital treatment. The cause of hemorrhoids is uncertain, but people who have frequent constipation, pregnant women, and women ...
New rheumatoid arthritis drug developed at UCSD promises improved treatment options
...ey, because the mucosal immune system found in the gut
has the ability to "teach" the body to view a protein as one that isn't dangerous or foreign. Much as food is ingested into the body and not rejected, the body tolerates dnaJP1. Current medications for treating RA range from anti-inflammatory drugs...
Fatty foods fight inflammation
...ecystokinin, or CCK. CCK stimulates digestion and gut
peristalsis (the motion that propels food along th...regulation for many internal organs, including the gut
and the heart. In response to CCK, vagus nerve endings in the gut
released a neurotransmitter calle...
Hypnotherapy an effective treatment for IBS
...ng which they were given an explanation of how the gut
works and what causes their symptoms. "IBS is ide...s learn how to influence and gain control of their gut
function, and then seem to be able to change the way the brain modulates their gut
activity." With a...
Impact of somatization on health resource usage in patients with irritable bowel syndrome
...h irritable bowel syndrome perceive and respond to gut
stimuli. "In many IBS patients the brain interprets and responds to sensations arising from the digestive system differently, causing abdominal discomfort and pain on the one side, and altered bowel habits on the other -- generally without evidence...
Gaps in intestinal barrier could cause Crohn's disease
...r could be a cause of inflammatory diseases of the gut
such as Crohn's Disease. Their research, led by Professor Alastair Watson in the University's Faculty of Medicine, could have important implications for the treatment of patients with diseases like Crohn's an inflammatory bowel disorder that causes...
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