Tag: "history" at medical news

Antioxidants show no clear benefit against cardiovascular events, death in high-risk women

...nning in 1995 to 1996. The women, who either had a history of cardiovascular disease or three or more risk factors, were randomly assigned to take 500 milligrams of ascorbic acid (vitamin C) or placebo every day; 600 international units of vitamin E or placebo every other day; and 50 milligrams of beta carot...

News briefs from the journal Chest, August 2007

...gender differences in the presentation and natural history of COPD. This study appears in the August issue of CHEST, the peer-reviewed journal of the American College of Chest Physicians. ...

Researchers suggest TB screening for all international adoptees

.... As many international adoptees have no medical history documents, systematic screening for tuberculosis is imperative, not only to the child, but also the adoptive family and the surrounding community, says Long. ...

Women with migraines and visual symptoms may have higher stroke risk

... likely to have a stroke compared to women with no history of migraine, said Steven Kittner, M.D., M.P.H., se...gues also reported that, compared to women with no history of migraine, women with probable migraine with visual symptoms had a 1.5 greater risk of ischemic st...

Using MRI for diagnosis could help prevent breast cancer progression

...nd that age, menopausal status, personal or family history of breast cancer, and breast density of women with MRI-only diagnosed disease did not differ significantly from those of women with mammography-diagnosed DCIS. The higher sensitivity of MRI was not associated with an unduly high number of false posit...

Even older women at high risk have little interest in being tested for HIV, study finds

...for lifetime exposure to the virus based on sexual history and other factors. Only 115, or 22 percent of participants, said they would be interested in HIV testing. Their most often cited reasons were curiosity and concern about a current or past sexual partners behaviors. About a third of women had already ...

Osteoporosis screening and treatment may be cost-effective for selected older men

... men aged 70 years or older regardless of fracture history or other fracture risk factors is not cost-effective using current drug costs. However, this strategy may be cost-effective for men aged 65 years or older with a prior clinical fracture and for men aged 80 years or older without a prior fracture, ass...

Study suggests nonpharmaceutical interventions may be helpful in severe influenza outbreaks

...and medications for prophylaxis and treatment. The history of U.S. epidemics also cautions that the publics acceptance of these health measures is enhanced when guided by ethical and humane principles....

Postpartum hospital discharges -- when is the 'right time?'

... mother, being black and non-Hispanic, the mothers history of chronic disease, inadequate prenatal care, delivering during non-routine hours, the newborn having problems while in the hospital, the mothers intent to breastfeed, and whether or not there was adequate in-hospital education. Clinical decision-m...

Heat-related deaths in middle, high school football players spikes in 2006

...te to have a physical and know if an athlete has a history of heat-related illness; these kids are more susceptible to heat stroke. Overweight players are also at higher risk. Acclimatize players to the heat slowly; North Carolina mandates that the first three days of practice be done without uniforms...

Shining light on pancreatic cancer

...ques worked regardless of age, tumor size, smoking history or tumor location, although the researchers hope to use the next trial phase to test individuals with serious pancreatic diseases that are not cancer to see if the changes are truly unique to cancer. Eventually, the researchers hope to expand their s...

Takeda responds to the FDA advisory committee recommendation

...included 5,238 patients with type 2 diabetes and a history of macrovascular disease, who were force titrated up to 45 mg daily of either ACTOS or placebo. In this study, there was no difference in the number of macrovascular events between standard of care and ACTOS, and standard of care alone. Although th...

University hospitals wins multiple national IT awards for electronic patient data bank

... Patients no longer need to retell their medical history again and again because all of that information is now accessible to physicians with a click of a mouse, says Edward Marx, chief information officer for University Hospitals. Additionally, the information is available system-wide so that a physician ...

Barrow scientists make headlines for their research on fixational eye movements

...nde and Macknik authored an article describing the history of fixational eye movement research and the investigations they have conducted at Barrow. For decades, researchers have debated the purpose of fixational eye movements and particularly of microsaccades, the largest and fastest of fixational eye movem...

Cancer research summaries

...lleagues set out to investigate whether there is a history of increased cancer diagnoses among individuals th...study population comprised all individuals with no history of malignant disease who had received at least one unit of whole blood, erythrocytes, plasma or plat...

New heart disease risk score will help minimize health inequalities

...nd fail to include measures of deprivation, family history of heart disease, body mass index, and treatment with blood pressure lowering drugs, despite known links between these factors and poor health. So a team of researchers from The University of Nottingham, Bristol Primary Care Trust, and the Universi...

Needle-stick injuries are common but unreported by surgeons in training

...d experienced an injury involving a patient with a history of intravenous drug use and/or infected with HIV, hepatitis B (HBV) or hepatitis C (HCV). We did not realize the extent to which health care workers are at risk a risk that is preventable, says Makary, a surgeon who studies medical errors and healt...

Smoking may interfere with alcoholics' neurocognitive recovery during abstinence

...oning. In short, abstinent alcoholics without a history of cigarette smoking achieved better recovery of critical mental functions during the first six to nine months of sustained sobriety, said Sara Jo Nixon, a professor in the department of psychiatry at the University of Florida. [These] differential ...

Weill Cornell Medical College announces gifts totaling $400M

...s amazing gift, on top of an already extraordinary history of giving, Joan and Sandy Weill honor, reward, and inspire the dreams of a new generation of scientists and researchers at Weill Cornell Medical College and across Cornell University's Ithaca campus," said David Skorton, President of Cornell Universi...

Simple test predicts 6-year risk of dementia

...ks such as buttoning a shirt or walking 15 feet, a history of coronary artery bypass surgery, a body mass index of less than 18, and current non-consumption of alcohol. People who score 0 to 3 on the bedside test have a 6 percent chance of developing dementia within six years. A score of 4 to 6 indicates a...

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(Date:10/15/2014)... the 44th Rosenstiel Award for Distinguished Work in Biomedical ... the mechanisms of genomic instability and its implications for ... second alumnus to win the Rosenstiel Award; the first, ... Alt is the Charles A. Janeway Professor of Pediatrics ... an investigator at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute at ...
(Date:10/14/2014)... – Scientists have sequenced the house fly genome for ... might expect from an insect that thrives in pathogen-rich ... Oct. 14 in the journal Genome Biology , ... and of how flies quickly adapt to resist insecticides, ... house flies (Musca domestica) carry and transmit more than ...
(Date:10/14/2014)... of scientists led by researchers at the University ... of Miami Miller School of Medicine (UMMSM) have ... underlying bipolar (manic depressive) disorder, a breakthrough that ... affective disorder, as well as depression and other ... online this week in Nature Molecular Psychiatry ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Brandeis awards 44th Rosenstiel Award to pioneering geneticist Fred Alt 2House fly genome reveals expanded immune system 2Rare genetic disease protects against bipolar disorder 2Rare genetic disease protects against bipolar disorder 3
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