Tag: "impairments" at medical news

Study challenges current treatment for mild asthma

...ores -- measures of physical, social and emotional impairments due to asthma. "The results of IMPACT suggest that for the type of patients with mild persistent asthma included in this study, choosing not to take daily medications may be okay, but this choice should be made in consultation with the patient's heal...

Pathological gambling associated with brain impairments

MIAMI BEACH Pathological gamblers exhibit complex impairments in decision-making and executive function processes associated with the prefrontal cortex of the brain, according to research that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology 57th Annual Meeting in Miami Beach, Fla., April 9 16, 2005. Res...

Specific behaviors seen in infants can predict autism, new research shows

...to severe, those affected typically exhibit severe impairments in social interaction and communication, and engage in repetitive, solitary activities. The complex nature of the disorder makes it difficult to diagnose. In the absence of any biological marker, clinicians have been typically forced to rely on par...

Early failure to pay attention to faces, speech may influence later development in autism

...sounds early in life may help explain the profound impairments in social and language development shown by most children with the disorder. Geraldine Dawson, director of the Autism Center at the University of Washington, will deliver the keynote address today at the 4th International Meeting for Autism Research...

Botox stops severe drooling in children with neurologic conditions

...ands decrease drooling in children with neurologic impairments such as cerebral palsy, say researchers from Toronto's Hospital for Sick Children. "These children have little to no cognition because of their neurological condition, and as a result don't have a normal swallowing reflex," explained Peter Chait, MD,...

Low back pain relief, causes, measurement & prosthetic fit, production, comfort

...s This study compares the physical and functional impairments of individuals with lower-limb amputation (LLA) wi...t could be related to pain behaviors or lower-limb impairments that may cause asymmetric postures and efforts. New method evaluates bending stiffness during trea...

Investigating 'brain shrinkage' in alcoholics

...d] data showing that alcoholics can surmount these impairments in decision making and evaluation of rewards and punishments to achieve multi-year sobriety." Harper praised the symposium's multi-disciplinary approach to examining alcohol-induced brain damage, calling it critical to solving the puzzle. "The patho...

New study showed ramelteon helped adults with chronic insomnia fall asleep, sleep longer

...o showed no evidence of rebound insomnia, next-day impairments or withdrawal effects due to discontinuation. Acco...any adults. People with insomnia often complain of impairments in intellectual abilities like attention, memory or concentration, impairments in their mood, feelin...

Young athletes' post-concussion migraine may signal greater neurocognitive impairment

...study is the first to compare acute neurocognitive impairments after sports-related concussion in athletes who ex...p. "Given the significantly greater neurocognitive impairments observed in the PTM group in our study, any athlete with a concussion accompanied by characteristics...

Mental health following stroke, spinal cord injury; sensory evaluation tools

...y to impaired speech would enable people with such impairments to control mobility and appliances. New retinal motion tracking may improve evaluation of and training for people with low vision, pg. 373 This study investigates a technique that could be used to analyze the visual tasks performed by people with...

Early warning signs of Alzheimer's show up across cognitive areas years before official diagnosis

... quite closely those seen in normal aging, such as impairments in episodic memory, executive functioning, and cognitive speed. Still, says lead author Lars Bckman, PhD, these problems are exacerbated in those who will go on to be diagnosed with dementia. He explains, "There are no clear qualitative difference...

Wake up, doc: Lack of sleep affects young doctors just like alcohol does

...ation, 34 young pediatric residents showed similar impairments in vigilance, attention, and driving skills on sta... that strategies aimed at reducing fatigue-related impairments are likely necessary." Arnedt and his colleagues are the first to study medical residents using the ...

New support for disabled research students

...ng difficulties like dyslexia, physical or sensory impairments and mental health difficulties. The study surveyed 37 disabled postgraduates at a range of UK higher education institutions. The Newcastle University team was told that life as a disabled postgraduate researcher was very different from life as a disa...

Heart disease patients face greater risk of PTSD

..., the Netherlands. "PTSD has been shown to lead to impairments in social functioning, vitality, physical health and health status; increased psychological distress and adverse prognosis," write the researchers. Also, preliminary findings suggest that PTSD may heighten the risk of noncompliance with treatment. Th...

Lead exposure plus high blood pressure may impair mental ability

...d hypertension have been associated with cognitive impairments in older adults. Lead exposure early in life may have a long-term effect on cognitive ability and motor function, and have a carry-through effect in adult life," said lead investigator Domenic Sica, M.D., professor of Medicine and Pharmacology at Vi...

Flavanols key to potential chocolate benefits

...orly to changes in blood flow, possibly related to impairments in how nitric oxide sends signals to the inner lining, the endothelium, of blood vessels. This impaired endothelial function is a marker for increased risk of cardiovascular disease. A dozen smokers (six men and six women) in their early 30s, who did...

Black women with chronic pain have more psychological and physical distress

...n experience more psychological distress, physical impairments and post-traumatic stress disorder than white women with chronic pain, a finding that researchers say should help lead to a narrowing of the gap in the treatment of chronic pain between black and white women. New research from the University of Michi...

Near infrared laser device can measure brain oxygen levels

...iven the rising concerns about potential cognitive impairments suffered by some patients undergoing open heart surgery. Following this successful validation of the CAS cerebral oximeter, the Duke team is conducting a clinical trial to refine the optimal range of cerebral oxygenation in patients undergoing heart ...

Autism problems explained in new research

... People affected by autism typically display major impairments in social interaction, communication and behaviour (restricted interests and repetitive behaviours). The majority of people with autism also have an intellectual disability. Those with Asperger's disorder are typically of average or above average int...

Depression raises disability risk, especially among African-Americans

...t of depression, chronic conditions and functional impairments among adults may prevent the development of activities of daily living disability, interrupting a costly spiral of health decline," they said. Dunlops co-researchers on the study were Larry M. Manheim, research professor of medicine; Jing Song; John...

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(Date:7/25/2014)... girls reach puberty is influenced by ,imprinted genes,a subset of ... gene. This is the first evidence that imprinted genes ... of this study were published today in the journal ... menarche, is a marker for the timing of puberty in ... varies between girls, is an inherited trait, and is linked ...
(Date:7/25/2014)... time, Spanish researchers have detected an unknown interaction between ... are introduced into a droplet of salt water and ... crystallisation to create biomineralogical biosaline 3D morphologically complex formations, ... bacteria are revived. The discovery was made by chance ... of the Astrobiology journal and may help ...
(Date:7/24/2014)... wildlife loss leads to conflict among people around the ... Society (WCS) Health & Ecosystems: Analysis of Linkages (HEAL) ... approach to tackle global biodiversity decline. , The harvest ... world,s people and provides protein for more than a ... no surprise that today,s unprecedented loss of wildlife, is ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Could age of first period influence development of diseases in older women? 2Bacteria manipulate salt to build shelters to hibernate 2New study draws links between wildlife loss and social conflicts 2
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