Tag: "index" at medical news
ACP guidelines to treat obesity cover diet, exercise, drugs and surgery
...nals of Internal Medicine. People with a body mass index
(BMI) over 30 might consider drug therapy after an...pnea, ACP guidelines say. People with a body mass index
from 25-29.9 are considered overweight. Those with BMI from 30-39.9 are considered obese; people wit...
West Africa: meningitis epidemics driven by the wind
...stablished. This represents the week when the wind index
was highest. On average, this maximum corresponds ...ical analysis shows that changes in the wind speed index
in the course of these seasons are concomitant with the rise in the number of people infected with m...
Location of body fat associated with cardiovascular risk even at normal body weight
...verweight or obese based on the basis of body mass index
(BMI, calculated as weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters) with a BMI of less than 25.0 considered normal weight, overweight was defined as a BMI of 25.0-29.9 and obese was defined by a BMI of greater than 29.9. Visceral fat ...
Drug can reduce bodyweight and cardiovascular risk factors in obese people
...m Europe and the USA. Participants had a body mass index
(BMI) of 30kg/m or greater, or a BMI greater than 27 kg/m with abnormal blood fat levels, high blood pressure, or both. They were randomly assigned 5mg or 20mg of a drug called rimonabant, or a placebo once daily in addition to a calorie controlled d...
Obesity linked to risk of severe headaches
...005. The study measured the influence of body mass index
on frequency, severity, and the potentially disabl...ng effects of headaches. An individual's body mass index
helps to determine his or her individual weight-related health problems according to height and weig...
Obesity adds risk of cardiovascular disease in siblings in families with a history of heart problems
...easure of additional risk from increased body mass index
(BMI) in such populations (BMI equals weight in kilograms per height in square meters). People are considered to be obese when their BMI is greater than or equal to 30 kilograms per meter squared; overweight is defined as a BMI of 25 to 29.9 kilogra...
Gastric bypass patients fare better as surgical programs' experience increases
...male, with a mean age of 41 years. Their body mass index
(BMI, calculated as weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters) ranged from 32 to 86 (a BMI greater than 29.9 is considered obese) with an average BMI of 47. The overall complication rate was 15 percent with a death rate of 0.3 pe...
Obesity hits below the belt: Overweight Americans suffer higher rate of knee cartilage tears
... knee joint, increases dramatically with body mass index
(BMI). (BMI is a measure of body fat based on height and weight. People with a BMI greater than 25 are considered overweight, and those with a BMI of more than 30 are considered obese.) Overweight people are at least three times more likely to tear ...
College education protects middle-age caucasian women against obesity
...ge; and high, college degree or more, on body mass index
(BMI) and changes in BMI. BMI is calculated as weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters. Researchers followed 2019 women whose average age was approximately 46 years old from Chicago, Detroit, Boston and Pittsburgh for four years...
Obesity in middle age increases risk of dementia in later life
... in 713 (7%) participants. Obese people (body mass index
30 or above) were 74% more likely to have dementia, while overweight people (body mass index
25-29.9) were 35% more likely to have dementia compared with those of normal weight (body mass index...
Lipoprotein abnormalities found in severely obese children
... Severe (morbid) obesity was defined as body mass index
(BMI) of 36 and above, which is higher than that of 99 percent of children the same age and gender (the 99th percentile on BMI growth charts). Of the children, 53 percent were boys and 47 percent were girls. Seventy percent were categorized as whit...
Perceived discrimination linked to coronary artery calcification
...g and age. After further adjustment for body mass index
(BMI) there still was a nearly 2.5 times higher risk for each unit increase up the four-point scale. "These findings suggest that chronic exposure to discrimination may be an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease in African-American women,...
Male combat veterans rank high in heart disease risk
...ed the standard definition of obesity, a body mass index
of 30 or higher, she said. "Consistent with younger veterans of more recent wars, older men with distant combat exposure had higher odds of heavy smoking, heavy drinking and obesity, but lower odds of physical inactivity compared to non-veterans or ...
Social connections: Could heartwarming be heart-saving?
...or centers. They then assigned a social network index
of 1 to 4, based on participants' response, with t... of IL-6 in the blood of men with a social network index
of 1 was 3.85 picograms per milliliter, compared with 3.52 picograms per milliliter in men with a so...
Watching metals melt, nanometer-scale views inside cells
...at the fabrication of metamaterials witha negative index
of refraction becomes more difficult as one aimsfo...rum. The material does not yet exhibit a negative index
ofrefraction, and there is no "perfect lensing" of the 3-micronwavelength radiation, but the Karlsru...
Burden of cardiovascular disease will shift to the developing world
... than 100 countries. They found that body mass index
(BMI) and cholesterol increased rapidly in relation to national income, then flattened, and eventually declined. Cholesterol showed a similar pattern, but with some delay. The authors also found that as the proportion of people living in cities incre...
Health benefits of quitting smoking could be improved by controlling weight gain
...ecline. During follow-up mean weight and body mass index
(BMI) increased in men and women. The increase in weight was greatest in recent quitters and smallest in people who quit and restarted. The effect of increasing weight or BMI on decline in lung function was substantially greater in men than in women,...
Diabetes medication pioglitazone HCl may significantly improve predictors of cardiovascular risk
...tes aged 62.6 +/- 7.9 years, with a mean body mass index
(BMI) of 31.8 (generally classified as obese). Study Results Treatment was generally well tolerated. Despite similar improvements in metabolic control after 24 weeks, (HbA1c: -0.80.9% pioglitazone vs. 0.60.8% glimiperide) carotid IMT was reduced...
BMI just part of ischemic heart disease risk picture
...d may be present in people with a normal body mass index
(BMI). St-Pierre and colleagues examined the data for a cohort of men to determine the effect of cumulative features of insulin resistance syndrome on the risk of ischemic heart disease associated with different BMI categories. They found that, among...
Carbonated soft drinks and sleeping pills cause heartburn during sleep
... sleep that were found include increased body mass index
(BMI), various sleep abnormalities, hypertension, and asthma. "Heartburn during sleep is indicative of nighttime reflux, which has been shown to be associated with a more severe form of gastroesophageal reflux disease," said Dr. Fass. "Inflammati...
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