Tag: "infants" at medical news
Bioengineering to prevent iron deficiency?
...eficiency, eg. on immune function and cognition in infants
and children. Due to the risks of untargeted suppl... to provide additional dietary iron to susceptible infants
and children that might not be reached by universal fortification programmes. They conclude: Sele...
Baby DVDs, videos may hinder, not help, infants' language development
...e marketing claims, parents who want to give their infants
a boost in learning language probably should limit...ver-use of such productions actually may slow down infants
eight to 16 months of age when it comes to acquiring vocabulary, according to a new study by researc...
Maternal obesity prior to pregnancy associated with birth defects
...fects were more likely to be obese than mothers of infants
without birth defects: Spina bifida, a condition that occurs when part of the spinal cord is uncovered, causing incontinence and problems with mobility Heart defects Anorectal atresia, malformation of the anal opening Hypospadias, which oc...
Inhaled nitric oxide safe for tiny preemie lungs, UCSF study finds
...at UCSF. The benefit of inhaled nitric oxide for infants
born close to term who suffer from the lung diseas... normally produced by the body, however, premature infants
produce insufficient amounts. Recent clinical studies done elsewhere have found positive effects of ...
Postpartum hospital discharges -- when is the 'right time?'
...ysicians around the readiness of mothers and their infants
to leave the hospital after childbirth. The stu...ectives of each person involved in the mothers and infants
health care experience, Bernstein says. This suggests that the mother and the clinicians caring for ...
Trials underway for 'essential' new TB vaccine
...st it is the BCG vaccine, which is administered to infants
throughout the developing world and most of the de...South Africa, where the incidence of TB disease in infants
is 1 in 100 (despite BCG vaccination). It has first been tested in HIV negative adult volunteers and...
Hib vaccine: A critical ally in Asia's effort to reduce child deaths
...s Disease Journal shows that routinely vaccinating infants
against H. influenzae type b (Hib), a bacterium th...Asia. Results showed that routine immunization of infants
with a Hib conjugate vaccine prevented over one-third of life-threatening pneumonia cases and approx...
Born to lose: How birth weight affects adult health and success
...all newborns, the income effect is much larger for infants
who were predisposed to be born low weight because their mothers were themselves born low weight. The large racial differences in adult health status through mid-life in the U.S. can be fully explained by a few early life factors---birth weight,...
MUHC-led international team identifies gene responsible for blindness in infants and children
..., the most common cause of congenital blindness in infants
and small children. The study, partly funded by the Foundation Fighting Blindness in Canada (FFB-C), is published in todays issue of Nature Genetics. This discovery has the potential to fast-track a cure for this disease, says lead investigator Dr...
Getting the word out: Babies are born to be breastfed
...archers do not completely understood why breastfed infants
have a lower risk of obesity in later life, Olson ...tfed infant than bottle-fed one and that breastfed infants
gain weight more slowly, which has been linked to lower obesity risk....
Vaxfectin-formulated measles DNA vaccine elicits long-term protection in nonhuman primates
...tial of providing safety and efficacy suitable for infants
and young children in the developing world, and continued development could result in a major impact on global measles disease and death rates." The study in juvenile rhesus macaques tested the protective efficacy of a bivalent DNA vaccine encoding...
Study: Who claims to be a pediatrician?
...tment options. 6. Gender. As children grow from infants
to an adolescents, they may feel less comfortable discussing their changing bodies with a physician of the opposite sex. While adolescence may be years away, Freed encourages parents to plan ahead, and select a pediatrician with whom their children ...
Scripps Research awarded $17 million for adult stem cell use to treat eye diseases
...tes who suffer from diabetic retinopathy (DR), and infants
born with a condition called retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). The problem of abnormal vasculature in the eye develops in response to "ischemia" (decreased blood flow and oxygen delivery due to abnormalities in small blood vessels as seen in diabet...
Syphilis screening, lithium fights neurodegeneration, monoclonal antibodies against avian flu
... baby before or shortly after birth, and surviving infants
may suffer lifelong effects such as mental disability, deafness, or blindness. Testing for syphilis infection during pregnancy can prevent these outcomes, but only if the mothers receive prompt treatment. Syphilis tests currently in use require a wom...
UCLA pediatrician honored with prestigious achievement award
...imary and secondary immune deficiency disorders in infants
and children. His extensive research has included the description of neonatal immune defects, bone marrow and cord-blood transplants in cellular immunodeficiencies, and the uses of immune globulin in the prevention and treatment of infections. St...
Small infants have greater survival rate in high level intensive care facilities
Very low birth weight infants
are significantly more likely to survive when deli...Us provide major surgery. Very low birth weight infants
are those weighing less than 1500 grams, or about 3.3 pounds, at birth. Very low birth weight infant...
Tiny newborns face higher risk of death at community hospitals, Stanford/VA study finds
...vive in hospitals that cared for at least 100 such infants
each year." Phibbs is the lead author of the stu...The risks are real. Although very-low-birth-weight infants
account for between 1 and 2 percent of births each year in California, they make up 51 percent of in...
UCLA imaging study reveals how pure oxygen harms the brain
...oxygen dispensation, especially when resuscitating infants
or administering oxygen for more than a few minutes. The new direction could hold particular implications for patients of stroke, heart attack, carbon monoxide poisoning and any long-term oxygen therapy. "When in doubt about a case, the current ...
Commonly used drug offers promise for premature babies
...d vessels in a part of the brain that in premature infants
is extremely fragile and vulnerable to dangerous b...he research is based on extensive brain studies of infants
who died prematurely as well as on findings with newborn rabbits, whose brains resemble those of pre...
Mayor of New York proposes preventing 100 million deaths from tobacco
...nd another 50 million deaths would be prevented in infants
born between now and 2030." The Viewpoint refers to the comprehensive tobacco control programme introduced in New York in 2002, which included raising cigarette tax by 32%to increase the price of retails cigarettes and making virtually all indoor w...
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