Tag: "infection" at medical news
Many parents fail to set rules to limit children's exposure to tobacco smoke, according to new study
...ation. Higher incidence of lower respiratory tract infection
(such as bronchitis and pneumonia) as well as middle ear diseases and worsening of asthma have been attributed to environmental tobacco smoke. The results show the need for more public health efforts to ban smoking in public and other enclosed place...
Study: obesity impairs immune response of mice, boosts chances of dying from influenza infection
...e the effects of obesity on the immune response to infection
with influenza. Nutrition doctoral student Alexia ... year." Mice are a common model in influenza virus infection
studies, Beck said. In her UNC laboratory, 35 mice fed a high-fat, high-sugar diet for five months g...
Teens believe oral sex is safer, more acceptable to peers
...participants recognized that there is some risk of infection
with sexually transmitted diseases such as chlamyd...en oral sex is more frequent, sexually transmitted infection
rates could rise if those who engage in oral sex do not use barrier protection, they pointed out. "T...
Genetic link to cervical cancer
...ions and might help determine the outcome of virus infection
and the potential for progression to cancer. Activation of NK cell activation depends on a balance between activating and inhibitory signals generated by a group of protein receptors called killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs). These rec...
West Africa: meningitis epidemics driven by the wind
...or meningococcal meningitis (MCM). The disease, an infection
of the meninges by the bacteria Neisseria meningitidis, is highly contagious and affects 25 000 to 200 000 people per year, particularly children. Outbreaks occur every year between February and May. Their geographical distribution is contained withi...
Risk of HIV transmission highest in early stage of infection
...hese data, the researchers found that during early infection
(the approximately two-and-a-half month period aft...fold higher than during established infection. The infection
rate was 8.2 per 1000 coital acts during early infection, compared to 0.7 to 1.5 per 1000 coital act...
Hormonal birth control, bacterial infections in women linked to increased shedding of type-2 herpes
...fected don't know it. Evidence suggests that HSV-2 infection
can increase the risk of HIV transmission, which i...ns Research Institute studied 330 women with HSV-2 infection
to determine what factors heighten the risk of transmitting the virus to sexual partners. They found...
Vaccine against cervical cancer and genital warts shows promise
...l cancer and genital warts could reduce persistent infection
and disease by 90%, suggest the results of a rando...A and cervical smears. The incidence of persistent infection
or disease with HPV 6, 11, 16, or 18 fell by 90% in those assigned the vaccine compared with those a...
Asthmatics naturally deficient in antiviral immunity, report scientists
... a type of immune cell protein needed to fight off infection
from colds and other viruses, scientists have disc...l group, who were almost completely protected from infection
of their lung cells. The asthmatic cells displayed very deficient interferon responses, and the rese...
Bacterial infection associated with heart attack in young men
Preliminary research suggests infection
with Chlamydia pneumoniae may increase the risk of... problems such as pneumonia, bronchitis, and sinus infection
and is not sexually transmitted. It is a common illness--by age 30, half of people have evidence of ...
Lupus and the role of Epstein-Barr virus
...he most common human viruses. Symptoms of initial infection
range from a typically mild childhood illness with... of reactivation and replication. Maintaining EBV infection
in a latent or quiet state primarily depends on the power of another kind of immune cell, known as T...
Institute of Medicine news: Review of HIVNET 012 study
... is supported by data on rates of survival and HIV infection
among newborns in the study, the committee determined, noting that the trial researchers accurately recorded that information in the database created for the study. No evidence was found that the trial researchers either failed to report or mistaken...
Heart valve ring reverses damage from congestive heart failure, easing symptoms
...es distended and misshapen after a heart attack or infection
attacks the heart muscle. Nearly 5 million Americans have congestive heart failure, and the number is expected to climb. "Congestive heart failure is a ventricular disease, but previous efforts to reshape the ventricle by repairing the mitral valve h...
Will cancer vaccine get to all women?
...S are infected. Most cases clear up, but sometimes infection
persists and can cause cancer decades later. Deat...ent, do not improve. While vaccination could slash infection
rates, its cancer-preventing benefits will not be evident for decades, as it will take that long for...
Study shows surprising decreased surgical infection risk after age 65
...rgoing various surgical procedures, found that the infection
risk increased by about 1 percent per year between...he highest rates Between ages 17 and 65 years, the infection
rate increased for each decade of increasing age, peaked at ages 65 to 74, and then decreased for ea...
NIAID begins clinical trial of West Nile virus vaccine
... T cells. The vaccine cannot cause West Nile virus infection
or disease because it does not contain infectious material from the virus. For more information on the WNV vaccine trial, call the Vaccine Research Center's toll free number 1-866-833-LIFE, or visit the VRC Web site http://www.niaid.nih.gov/vrc/clin...
Long term outcomes for children who undergo ear tube placement surgery
...ng, as such, but in the case of chronic middle ear infection
may be insufficient to retain normal hearing or re...utcomes were more common when the child had an ear infection
with accumulated fluid, or had required three or more tube insertions. Repeated tube insertion and o...
The Cochrane Library newsletter, 2005, issue 2
...her accompanying illness. Bronchiolitis is a viral infection
of the airways in the lungs, and is a major cause of medical emergencies during winter in children under two years of age. Tackling this disease makes heavy use of healthcare resources. The standard treatment involves making sure the child has enough...
UT Southwestern sports medicine doctor pedals advice on gearing up for safe cycling season
...h clothes after every use to prevent irritation or infection
of broken skin." Falls are an unpleasant but inevi...racin, polysporin or silvadene, which help prevent infection
and decrease pain." One of the most important things for cyclists to learn is how to avoid heat-rela...
Monoclonal antibody cures West Nile virus-infected mice
...at single doses of the antibodies given soon after infection
could boost survival rates to 90 percent or higher...auses dengue fever, a potentially life-threatening infection
prevalent in tropical cities. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention epidemiologists estimate t...
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