Tag: "infection" at medical news
...ole played by golden pigment in protecting against infection
provides an novel target for treatment of serious Staph infections including those produced by antibiotic-resistant MRSA," said senior author Victor Nizet, M.D., UCSD associate professor of pediatrics and an infectious diseases physician at Children'...
Hepatitis A in US drops substantially after implementation of vaccination program
... childhood vaccination would theoretically prevent infection
in age groups that account for a substantial proportion of cases, eliminate a major source of infection
for other children and adults, and eventually prevent infections in older persons as vaccinated chil...
OHSU researchers help develop portable device to assist those combating balance disorders
...lance problems associated with a reoccurring viral infection
that affected his inner ear. "It's as if my body isn't as fast as it used to be in providing feedback about my balance," explained Kawabata. "While maintaining balance is an automatic function for others, for me, some tasks require active thought abo...
Parasite genome sequences offer hope for new drugs and vaccines, Science studies say
...or neurological damage after decades of persistent infection
without disease symptoms. Leishmania species cause a spectrum of human diseases in Central and South America, southern Europe, Asia, the Middle East and Africa and are transmitted by tiny sand flies. The researchers sequenced the genome of Leishma...
NIAID funds Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology (CHAVI)
...tanding what happens in the earliest stages of HIV infection
and what events take place in the immune system so... identifying individuals at the earliest stages of infection
has been extremely difficult. Using new research tools to determine how the immune system of the m...
Discovery of T-cell 'traffic control' boosts new drug promise
... the blood, lymph nodes and on to tissues to fight infection
-- a crucial response that sometimes goes awry, attacking the body's own tissues and causing autoimmune diseases. The traffic control system -- composed of a fat-like compound called S1P and its receptor on T cells -- usually prevents T cells from la...
Handwashing with soap key to reducing burden of childhood disease
...incidence of diarrhoea by 53% and a bacterial skin infection
called impetigo by 34% in children younger than 15 years. There was no difference in disease incidence between households given antibacterial soap and those given plain soap. Dr Luby states: "Our data show that regular handwashing with soap is very e...
American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for July 2005 (second issue)
...the infections they cause are not contagious. MAC infection
in the lung usually develops slowly; the first sym...y clinic visit. This relatively short duration of infection
is in striking contrast to that observed for H. influenzae bacteria which colonized subsets of patie...
Mouse studies of oseltamivir show promise against H5N1 influenza virus
... studies in small animal models in which avian flu infection
closely resembles the disease in humans....
U of T study shows barriers to HIV vaccine acceptance
... concerns about stigma and fear of vaccine-induced infection
if they want women to take advantage of HIV vaccin...ering to be able to protect themselves against HIV infection
and others were eager to ensure their children were also protected. Both women and providers suggest...
Why were the HIV prevention trials in commercial sex workers abandoned?
...nt studies for those at high risk of acquiring HIV infection
around the globe." Lange is highly critical of the tactics used by those who have managed to shut down the PREP trials. "The methods of these specific activist groups," he says, "are uninformed demagogy, intimidation, and 'AIDS Exceptionalism', the...
Laparoscopic surgery associated with reduced inflammatory response
...d rates of post-operative bowel obstruction, wound infection
and cardio-respiratory complications, according to background information in the article. There have been reports of reduced inflammation and other indications of suppression of the immune system following laparoscopic surgery, which may have implica...
Not enough is known about treating malaria in pregnancy, researchers say
...tion group dedicated to reducing worldwide malaria infection
rates by 2010, 30 million women become pregnant ea... The disease can cause severe anemia and parasitic infection
in the fetus and increase the risks of preterm birth and maternal death. "Clearly, more trials are n...
Single-dose antibiotics reduce appendectomy complications
...ibiotics if just one shot could help prevent wound infection
or abscess?" Andersen says that the most important reason for giving a single dose rather than multiple doses is to prevent the development of antibiotic resistance. "Cost is not really a factor," says Andersen. "Antibiotics are fairly inexpensive dr...
Only 51 per cent of hospital staff followed hand washing guidelines before hygiene campaign
...rom 66 per cent to 96 per cent. "Hospital acquired infection
poses a very real and serious threat to all who ar...rom all disciplines also need greater education on infection
UT Southwestern professor supports development of report cards on hospital infection rates
...onsumer groups to develop report cards on hospital infection
rates, a UT Southwestern Medical Center professor ...ng hospitals and that hospitals could use to lower infection
rates: Thirty-nine states have introduced legislation, and six have passed laws requiring reporting ...
Emory researchers offer new approach for testing potential HIV vaccines in animals
...-dose models. "It will be interesting to study HIV infection
following challenges with low virus doses, and I a...stic in other important ways, such as the route of infection
or the HIV strain to use. Regoes may be contacted directly at firstname.lastname@example.org ....
Potential 'weak link' between virus and liver cancer discovered
...uncovered a crucial molecular link between a viral infection
and development of a common and fatal form of liver cancer. In the process, they have identified a possible way to treat this disease as well as a number of other cancers. In findings reported in the journal Molecular Cell, the researchers traced the...
Statins protect from death from pneumonia
...cause of death and the leading cause of death from infection
in the USA, where it kills up to 40,000 people every year those most at risk are very young children, elderly people and patients with underlying health problems such as AIDS or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (CPOD). The disease is caused by ...
Artemisinin-based therapy may not be the best treatment for uncomplicated malaria in Africa
... as good a chance of preventing recurrent malarial infection
(defined as either new infections or the previous infection
returning) compared with patients treated with artemisinin-based combination therapy. In the sites t...
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