Tag: "infections" at medical news
Community MRSA is re-emergence of 1950's pandemic
...s pandemic of both hospital and community acquired infections
waned throughout the 1960s as the antibiotic metic... key clones of community acquired MRSA (CA-MRSA) - infections
picked up in public places which are resistant to treatment by powerful meticillin antibiotics - may...
Top anti-arthritis drugs cause skin disease
... that patients on therapy suffered from were: skin infections
- 33 infections
were recorded; eczema, which was diagnosed 20 times; and drug eruptions, which occurred mainly at th...
Teens believe oral sex is safer, more acceptable to peers
...uch data about the chances of sexually transmitted infections
due to oral sex, but there is a real risk," Halpern-Felsher said. "When teens are engaging in or considering oral sex, they need to know about methods to keep themselves safe from physical as well as emotional risks." The findings come from a larger ...
Genetic link to cervical cancer
...an papillomavirus (HPV), which establishes chronic infections
in the genital tract. Immune cells called natural killer (NK) cells, known in part for their ability to kill tumor cells, are found in HPV-positive cervical lesions and might help determine the outcome of virus infection and the potential for progre...
Hormonal birth control, bacterial infections in women linked to increased shedding of type-2 herpes
...tance of diagnosing and treating vaginal bacterial infections
to prevent the spread of the herpes virus. HSV-2 c...n that had not previously been made. Vaginal yeast infections
were not associated with increased shedding risk. If confirmed in future studies, the findings would...
Vaccine against cervical cancer and genital warts shows promise
...the disease every year in Europe and the USA. HPV infections
are also responsible for genital warts in 1-2% of young adults. Genital warts can cause sexual dysfunction. Recurrence is common and treatment is painful and expensive. Luisa Villa (Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research, Brazil) and colleagues undert...
Asthmatics naturally deficient in antiviral immunity, report scientists
...thmatics are more susceptible to respiratory virus infections
-- the cause of the vast majority of acute asthma attacks in both adults and children. The researchers, from Imperial College London and University of Southampton, found that asthmatics produce lower levels of interferon beta than healthy people. Pr...
Bacterial infection associated with heart attack in young men
...tacks, but others don't. People with C. pneumoniae infections
should not expect to prevent future heart attacks by getting antibiotic treatment for the bacteria, said Dr. Arcari. Again, the reasoning is based on experts' relative lack of knowledge about how C. pneumoniae relates to heart disease, as well as neg...
Will cancer vaccine get to all women?
...cervical cancers, had prevented 90 per cent of new infections
and all persistent infections. The US-based firm M...tures where trying to prevent sexually transmitted infections
is equated with promiscuity. "We found that some Asian women in Britain are afraid even to get test...
Scientists discover how Ebola virus infects cells
...rther study as possible treatments for Ebola virus infections
in humans, report scientists supported in part by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), a component of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The researchers, whose paper is published online today in Science Express, id...
Steady rise in allergic diseases over quarter of a century
...en grew older. There was also no link between past infections
and adult atopy. These data show that atopy in middle aged men has increased during the last quarter of the 20th century, and that the prevalence of atopy does not decline with increasing age, as previous studies have suggested, say the authors. The...
Study shows surprising decreased surgical infection risk after age 65
... after age 65; indeed, there were no surgical site infections
in patients who were older than age 95. The explan...er age 16 years with no pre-existing surgical-site infections
who were admitted for surgery to 11 hospitals in the southeastern United States between Feb. 1, 1991...
American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for April 2005 (second issue)
...e disease itself differs from other non-SARS viral infections
that cause no increase in IP-10. The researchers believe that levels of the protein could make a difference in both diagnosis and the development of an effective treatment for the disease. The investigators screened 14 cytokines/chemokines (immunore...
NIAID begins clinical trial of West Nile virus vaccine
...che and body aches; more serious cases can lead to infections
of the brain and nervous system, such as encephalitis or meningitis. In 2004, 2,470 cases of WNV disease were reported in the United States, resulting in 88 deaths. Currently, no WNV vaccine is licensed for use in humans. The experimental vaccine is ...
Long term outcomes for children who undergo ear tube placement surgery
...ilation tubes in their ears as a treatment for ear infections
have hearing levels comparable to normal children ...ck Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. Ear infections
(otitis media or OM) and ear infections
with accumulated fluid (otitis media with effusion or OME) b...
Institute of Medicine news: Human resource crisis in HIV/AIDS
...alaria and tuberculosis -- which often overlap HIV infections
in the developing world -- would also be considered. On the whole, the initial cost of the GHS is estimated at about $100 million annually, or roughly 3 percent of PEPFAR's current budget. About $35 million of this would be for the service corps, t...
Monoclonal antibody cures West Nile virus-infected mice
... In 2004, West Nile virus reportedly caused 2,470 infections
and 88 deaths in the United States. The mosquito-b...before arriving in the United States in 1999. Most infections
with the virus are mild or symptom-free, but infections
in people with weakened immune systems and t...
Day care in infancy protects against childhood leukaemia
...support the theory that reduced exposure to common infections
in the first year of life increases the risk of developing acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL). The study involved 6305 children (aged 2-14 years) without cancer, 3140 children with cancer (diagnosed 1991-6), of whom 1286 had ALL. Parents were interv...
Exclusive breastfeeding reduces risk of mother-to-child HIV transmission
...ive women and the risk of diarrhea and respiratory infections
for all babies," said Lawrence H. Moulton, PhD, the study's senior statistician and professor in the Department of International Health at the Bloomberg School. "Early exclusive breastfeeding reduces the risk of postnatal HIV-1 transmission and incre...
Discovery of a 'molecular switch' could lead to new ways of treating infection, including MRSA
...lecular switch' could lead to new ways of treating infections
such as MRSA, and inflammatory diseases like arthr...pment could provide doctors with a new way to stop infections
without resorting to a cocktail of antibiotics. "Although this is only a first step, the discovery c...
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