Tag: "instruments" at medical news
PENN researchers use robotic surgery
...n a mannequin. They found that, by applying simple instruments
and retractors commonly used for tonsillectomy, the robotically controlled camera and instruments
could be inserted through the mouth into the throat and voice box. The surgeons were able to manipul...
Low back pain relief, causes, measurement & prosthetic fit, production, comfort
...s the accuracy and reliability of seven prosthetic instruments
to measure residual-limb characteristics on models...mputated limbs. Investigators identified effective instruments
and techniques for measuring the residual limb, which have implications for improving amputee walkin...
NIST method improves timing in oscilloscopes
...s, showing how the signals change over time. These instruments
often have inaccurate internal clocks that distort output patterns, and they also can exhibit random timing errors called jitter. These errors may lead, for example, to false detection of failure in a communications module that is actually working, o...
Fluorescence device to diagnose atherosclerosis and tumors described at optics conference
...ional studies on miniaturization of components and instruments
are planned. In fact, the National Institutes of Health is providing funding for the development of microdevices. While the basic hardware and software is the same whether brain tumors or blood vessels are being studied, the way the system operates i...
Patients with disease, cancer of the esophagus benefit from new technique developed by OHSU surgeons
...laparoscopically, that is by inserting fiber-optic instruments
into a small, quarter-sized incision in the abdomen and maneuvering them to the affected portion of the esophagus while observing with a camera. When first introduced, the less invasive laparoscopic esophagectomy was embraced by surgeons eager to for...
Look to the future: Preparing for baby boomer dementia epidemic
... assistant professor of medicine. "Since screening instruments
alone have insufficient specificity to establish a valid diagnosis of dementia, all 434 were invited back for a diagnostic assessment." Unfortunately 50 percent of those in the study who screened positive for dementia did not return to evaluate their...
New approach to thyroid surgery reduces incision size
...exposure and use telescopes and other laparoscopic instruments
that can fit through a small incision then we work off the video screen," says Dr. Terris. "I send many patients home the day of surgery because it's so much less invasive." To access the thyroid, most otolaryngologists make a horizontal incision at ...
Measures can help save frontal sinuses
...graphy) scan and check to see if I had room for my instruments
to go through," says Dr. Kountakis, senior author ...he frontal drainage area. "Even with the smallest instruments
that are available today, this dimension should be at least 5 mm (about .2 inches) to allow for safe...
UQ researcher to help improve global health
...l tools for governments and communities. "Through instruments
such as low-cost surveys we aim to equip governments to better understand their population health state and prioritise spending. "For the developing world in particular it is critical to allocate limited resources in a manner that can provide maxima...
Free guide helps parents address hearing loss in children
... are really shortchanging their kids. New hearing instruments
have been developed specifically for children. Some come in bright colors and kids are even proud to wear them. So there is just no excuse for ignoring this problem." "Even seemingly minor hearing problems can significantly impact on child's devel...
Strong magnetic fields aid severe depression
...re depression are being investigated. However, new instruments
are in the offing which could be even more effective. The magnetic field which they produce is so strong that it can trigger an epileptic spasm. Yet unlike with electro-shock the flow of current in TMS remains restricted to the area of the brain whic...
Hormone patch may provide some increase in sexual desire in menopausal women
...re generally consistent across all sexual function instruments
[questionnaires and logs], end points, and time points, and highlight the important role that testosterone may play in women's sexual health. Additional studies should be undertaken to further assess the efficacy and safety of this treatment." (Arch ...
Breath of the dragon: ERS-2 and Envisat reveal impact of economic growth on China's air quality
...t China's nitrogen dioxide retrievals from the two instruments
overlap seamlessly. "What the combined data show ... ESA in the first place. He explained that the two instruments
were originally chosen to fly because of their ability to measure stratospheric ozone, but were also...
Scientific breakthrough will help protect astronauts and spacecraft
...rticle acceleration. Instead, by using scientific instruments
in Antarctica and on the CLUSTER mission satellite...n events allowing them to take measures to protect instruments
and systems from damage, and astronauts from risks to their health."...
Musical training might be good for the heart
... part were trained musicians, who had been playing instruments
for at least seven years. The remainder had had no musical training. Each participant listened to short tracks of different types of music in random order, for 2 minutes, followed by the same selection of tracks for 4 minutes each. A 2 minute pause w...
Emergency departments may often under-diagnose mental disorders in youth
...e administration of rapid and efficient diagnostic instruments
to all young people following deliberate self-inflicted harm. Improving mental health assessment of these young people provides an important opportunity for secondary prevention." (Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2005;62:1122-1128. Available pre-embargo to the...
Penn surgeons use completely robotic surgery to treat prostate cancer
... actual robot consists of a tower that manipulates instruments
controlled from a console that is situated a few f...the surgeon's exact hand movements. The camera and instruments
are inserted through small keyhole incisions in the patient's abdomen. The surgeon then directs the ...
Innovative gel reduces post-operative pain
...olyps. Endoscopic sinus surgery is performed using instruments
inserted through the nose to remove thickened and diseased tissue while disturbing as little healthy tissue as possible. The surgery is typically performed as an outpatient procedure under general anesthesia. Doctors usually recommend patients restri...
Minimally invasive surgery may increase options for octogenarians with some lung cancers
...equires only several small incisions through which instruments
and a thoracoscope are inserted. A camera lens at the tip of the scope feeds high-resolution images to a video monitor, giving the surgeon a detailed, magnified view. "We have been doing minimally invasive lung cancer surgery for a long time and have...
Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development tipsheet
...t improvement. Currently, the blind rehabilitation instruments
are incompatible and need refinement to provide the most accurate measure of blind rehabilitation training. Word-recognition assessment in noisy background, pg 499 Research shows that digit pairs or digit triplets can be used to assess the abil...
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