Tag: "interval" at medical news

American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for April 2005 (first issue)

...lantation. (Graft ischemic time was defined as the interval between the application of the aortic cross clamp during donor organ removal and the reperfusion (restoration of blood flow) in the graft of the recipient.) According to the authors, a cutoff time of 330 minutes was found to best discriminate betwee...

Largest NIH grant for NYU will create research network in dental practices

...example, "What should be the appropriate follow-up interval for a specific procedure or disease? Is it necessary to use a particular course of antibiotics? "Is an over-the-counter medication as effective as a prescription?" The NIDCR awarded three seven-year grants, totaling $75 million, to create three regio...

Aboriginal Canadians at high risk for severe trauma

....8 per 100 000; relative risk [3.7, 95% confidence interval [CI] 3.0-4.6). Aboriginal Canadians were found to be at significantly increased risk of injuries resulting from motor vehicle crashes (RR 4.8, 95% CI 3.5-6.5), assault (RR 11.1, 95% CI 6.2-18.6) and traumatic suicide (RR 3.1, 95% CI 1.4-6.1). The au...

SKCC's Gennadi Glinsky addresses predicting risk in cancer treatment outcome

...of therapy outcome. Its presence indicates a short interval to disease recurrence, distant metastasis, and death after therapy in cancer patients diagnosed with 10 distinct types of cancer, including prostate, breast, lung, ovarian, bladder, lymphoma and acute myeloid leukemia. Applying comparative translatio...

Acupuncture treatment no more effective than sham treatment in reducing migraine headaches

...erience migraine headaches. Many patients require interval treatment as attacks occur often or are insufficiently controlled. Drug treatment with beta-blockers, calcium antagonists, or other agents has been shown to reduce the frequency of migraine attacks; however, the success of treatment is usually modest...

Older adults with diabetes in managed care networks have higher rates of untreated eye disease

...sidered when evaluating the appropriateness of the interval between eye care visits for older persons with diabetes," the authors conclude. "Additionally, older adults with diabetes who were enrolled in a network-model managed care setting were more likely to need care for treatable ophthalmic conditions that...

Three-fold risk of sudden cardiac death from some non-cardiac drugs

... The drugs involved are those that prolong the QTc interval in the heart. The QTc interval is the duration (as measured by electrocardiogram) of the electrical activity controlling contractio...

Kids at risk for lead poisoning don't get necessary testing

... within 180 days of their screening. The six-month interval following an elevated screening is critical to determine if blood lead levels are increasing and if the child is responding to any medical intervention. The study was based in Michigan since the state has a reporting mechanism for allblood lead level...

Are CT angiograms overused?

...he total number of CTAs performed during the study interval in 2004 was 43% higher than in 2002 and 47% higher than in 2003," said Tom Reed, a medical student at Albert Einstein College of Medicine in Bronx, NY, and lead author of the study. There were 443 CTAs performed, with 62 positive for pulmonary em...

Other highlights in the May 18 JNCI

...ands, and colleagues conducted a blinded review of interval and screen-detected cancers in the Dutch screening...rs per 1,000 women due to the earlier detection of interval cancers. Increasing the recall rate to 3% or 4% would increase the detection rate to 4.58 cancers pe...

Large survey suggests schizophrenia less prevalent than textbooks say

...point prevalence (defined as prevalence during any interval of less than a month), 3.3 for period prevalence (defined as prevalence during a period from 1 to 12 months), 4.0 for lifetime prevalence (the proportion of individuals in the population who have ever manifested the disease and who are alive on a giv...

Newly developed treatment for severe grief shown more effective than standard therapy

...were administered in 16 sessions during an average interval of 19 weeks per participant. IPT included identifying and reviewing symptoms, focusing on grief. The IPT therapist helped patients arrive at a more realistic assessment of the relationship with the deceased, addressing both its positive and negative...

Chest x-rays not effective in determining when TB acquired

...ing to background information in the article. That interval can range over many years. Primary and secondary TB are also thought to have different characteristic radiographic (x-ray) and clinical features, though these clinical observations have been based on studies conducted before the availability of mole...

Low colon cancer screening rates leaves a million New Yorkers at risk

...t colorectal cancer screening test within the time interval recommended by national guidelines. Forty-two percent of those received a colonoscopy, while 32 percent received a FOBT and 10 percent received FS, respectively. Analysis showed that men were more likely than women to have received either colonoscop...

Clinical factors can help determine risk of prostate cancer death after radical prostatectomy

...isease recurrence early, many patients have a long interval between biochemical recurrence and the development of local recurrence or distant metastasis. Given the protracted natural history, the researchers had previously identified clinical variables to help stratify patients for risk of metastasis: time f...

Heavy smokers who cut their smoking in half may reduce their risk of lung cancer

... consecutive examinations with a five- to ten-year interval between 1964 and 1988. Participants were divided into six groups, according to smoking habits: continued heavy smokers (15 or more cigarettes per day), reducers (reduced from 15 or more cigarettes per day by a minimum of 50 percent without quitting...

Colorectal cancer screening promotion fails to increase use by physician organizations

...icipation in the two-year study failed to show any interval difference in CRC screening rates between the POs that were assisted in using strategies to increase screening and the POs that did not. Despite CRC screening being reimbursable by the managed care insurance company and access to a primary care provi...

Moderate alcohol consumption can act as a 'blood thinner'

...ry four years since 1971, except for an eight-year interval between the first and second visits. This study uses data collected from 3,798 of those participants, examined between April 1, 1991 and March 1, 1994 (the fifth examination cycle); eventually analyzing data provided by a total of 1,037 participants...

What makes the brain tick, tick, tick. . .

...ng intervals in the seconds to minutes range. Such interval timing occupies the middle neurological ground bet...respond back to you in a timely manner. That's all interval timing, and in fact it's hard to find any complex behavioral process that timing isn't involved in."...

Small-bowel obstruction

...tive risk of avoiding surgery 1.19 (95% confidence interval 1.03 to 1.40). They also had shorter lengths of stay in hospital. Follow-up of all patients showed that there were no longer-term adverse events resulting from the new management strategy. This study has important implications for clinical practice....

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