Tag: "intestine" at medical news

Nutritional supplement reduces need for traditional ulcerative colitis treatment

...ory bowel disease in which the lining of the large intestine becomes inflamed and ulcerated, and most commonly affects people between 15 and 40 years of age. Ulcerative colitis can be attributed to an immune disorder or heredity, among other things, and is characterized by abdominal cramps, bloody diarrhea an...

Stanford gut check shows diversity of intestinal ecosystem

...om six different anatomical sites inside the large intestine as well as a stool sample. Eckburg and his team de...bial communities differ among locations within the intestine as well as among different people. "We were surprised at the degree to which an individual determine...

Color doppler sonography speeds detection of serious illness in premature infants

...fficulty emptying the stomach. The small and large intestine may cease to function properly and parts of the intestine can die, possibly leading to bowel perforation and death. "The prognosis for NEC worsens once bowel ...

Recombinant DNA technology may enable oral, rather than injectable, delivery of protein drugs

...r permeability allows them to be absorbed from the intestine into the body," says Shen. "On the other hand, pro...nd bulky, which can prevent them from crossing the intestine and gaining access to the sites where they are needed. They are also very sensitive to digestive enz...

Popular procedures evaluated for diagnostic accuracy and treatment effectiveness

...ignificantly more accurate in evaluating the small intestine in patients with small intestine diseases. "Our study confirms previous study findings that established the accuracy of innovative wi...

New methods offer alternatives for patients undergoing obesity surgery

...he capacity to store food and rearranges the small intestine to inhibit the absorption of calories. More than half of the participants received the RGB operation, while 22, 19 and 8 percent received the BAND, VG and DS operations, respectively. The operation times were shortest for the BAND and VG procedures ...

Study shows grapefruit extract can heal stomach ulcers

...eight weeks. Researchers determined injury to the intestine by measuring bacterial translocation and blood endotoxin levels, and also the degree of liver injury. Previous reports have shown that endotoxins, which are bacterial products that can escape from the intestine, appear to be a major factor in the de...

Largest study to date reveals baseline findings for flexible sigmoidoscopy

...a lighted scope to examine the inside of the large intestine from the rectum through the descending colon, where most colon polyps develop. The study enrolled 154,942 men and women 55 to 74 years of age who had no prior history of prostate, lung, colorectal or ovarian cancers from November 1993 to July 2001. S...

Camera-guided colon surgery works best for most patients, study confirms

...food particles." Another factor is that the small intestine is less traumatized during a laparoscopic operatio...ent in a position so that gravity causes the small intestine to fall away from where we're operating," explains Stamos. "When you do conventional surgery, you us...

'Good' bacteria helps ease pain of colitis

...f supplemental "good" bacteria (probiotics) to the intestine proved beneficial in treating ulcerative colitis, ... inflammatory bowel disease that affects the large intestine (colon) and causes acute bloody diarrhea, sever stomach pain, urgency, anemia and fatigue. In its mo...

Rats' response to 'stop snacking' signal diminished by high fat diet

...nin or CCK. CCK is released by cells in the small intestine when fat or protein is present. The hormone's release activates nerves that connect the intestine with the brain where the decision to stop eating is made. Previous studies with human subjects s...

Gaps in intestinal barrier could cause Crohn's disease

...alled villi which increase the surface area of the intestine to allow for the efficient absorption of nutrients.... It was previously assumed that the lining of the intestine was a continuous sheet of cells. Professor Watson said: "We suspect that patients with inflammatory...

Fatty foods fight inflammation

...eating fat-rich foods -- causes cells in the small intestine to produce a hormone called cholecystokinin, or CCK. CCK stimulates digestion and gut peristalsis (the motion that propels food along the digestive tract), and also triggers satiation -- the full feeling that prompts you to stop eating. The study b...

Risk of death from bariatric surgery among Medicare patients higher than previously estimated

...y (RYGB) and 19.9 percent were for RYGB with small intestine reconstruction to limit absorption. There was more than a 3-fold increase in the number of procedures performed from 1997 (n=1,464) to 2002 (n=4,814). The researchers found that among all patients, the rates of 30-day, 90-day, and 1-year death were...

New studies gauge knowledge, attitudes and preferences of patients with irritable bowel syndrome

...percent). IBD is an inflammatory condition of the intestine that can result in bleeding, fever, elevation of the white blood cell count, as well as diarrhea and cramping abdominal pain. IBD includes ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. "This is the first study to assess IBS patients' knowledge regarding t...

IBS study shows that targeted antibiotics lead to long-lasting improvement in symptoms

...rt previously published research identifying small intestine bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) as a possible cause of...IBS, to bacterial fermentation, showing that small intestine bacteria overgrowth (SIBO) may be the causative factor in IBS (The American Journal of Gastroenterol...

Cedars-Sinai medical tipsheet for December 2005

...rt previously published research identifying small intestine bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) as a possible cause of the disease. STUDY CONFIRMS THAT STENTS RELEASING MEDICATION HELP KEEP HEART BYPASS VEIN GRAFTS OPEN During an angioplasty procedure, a stent may be placed in the vessel to keep it open, but conve...

Advance in cholera bacteria points to new treatment and vaccine

...aquatic environment before it arrives at the human intestine via contaminated food and water sources. V. chole...on cells. The team verified that the GlcNAc in the intestine initiates the attachment and colonization of the bacteria by testing the mutant strain on zooplankto...

A little telomerase isn't enough

...igh turnover of their cells -- the bone marrow and intestine among them. "We thought there might be some relationship between telomerase, telomere length and the survival of stem cells, but it was really exciting to see it," says Greider. When the researchers looked at fifth-generation mice that had by chance ...

UCLA paper examines how one disease may prevent another

...isease, a digestive disease that damages the small intestine and interferes with absorption of nutrients from food, thrived on their "non-bread" diet. Wheat was discovered to be the culprit. Other diseases that benefit from severe caloric or protein restriction include kidney failure, type-II diabetes, inflamm...

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(Date:7/22/2014)... of Standards and Technology (NIST), working with the ... for analyzing biological cells and tissues based on ... is an advanced form of the widely used ... that are 10,000 times stronger than obtained from ... obtained from comparable "coherent Raman" instruments, and uses ...
(Date:7/22/2014)... as disease causing agents, some viruses can perform ... shape the world we live in today, according ... of Microbiology. , "Viruses participate in essential Earth ... planet, from contributing to biogeochemical cycles, shaping the ... Marilyn Roossinck of Pennsylvania State University, a member ...
(Date:7/22/2014)... Stem cells offer much promise for treating damaged organs ... survival is poor, limiting their effectiveness. New methods are ... optimize their therapeutic function after transplantation, as described in ... a peer-reviewed journal from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers. ... Open Access website . , In ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Enhanced NIST instrument enables high-speed chemical imaging of tissues 2Enhanced NIST instrument enables high-speed chemical imaging of tissues 3Report on viruses looks beyond disease 2
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