Tag: "language" at medical news
Pediatric oncologists should help with difficult decisions
...o them." Conveying information in simple and clear language
leads to better decision-making. When parents understand they are more likely to have an opinion. Clinicians should also explore what matters to the patient to make it easier to help make the decision....
Review highlights need for improved treatment of depression in elderly stroke patients
...he confounding influence of cognitive, sensory and language
impairment add to complexities of assessing a patient following a stroke. In addition, other factors such as existing illnesses make treatment far more difficult in the elderly. However depression should not be considered a natural consequence of a...
Patients want as much info as their GP in post-consultation letters
...s but amended to meet patients needs using simpler language
and accompanied by a glossary." They also recommend that the letter should be dictated in front of the patient, to avoid factual inaccuracies. ...
Antibiotic eardrops better than pills at treating middle ear infections
...children, the reduction in hearing can also impair language
development and the acquisition of speech. A systematic review of literature found that short courses of topically administered quinolone antibiotic drops such as ciprofloxacin were more effective at drying the ear than oral or injected antibiotics. ...
Medical centers vary in disclosing conflicts of interest
...t to determine the motivation, it appears that the language
usage in consent forms better served the legal goal than the informed choice or deterrent goal. Both Weinfurt and Sugarman agreed that many institutions are unsure about how to move forward with conflict of interest disclosures, and they are looking ...
Scientists find ability for grammar hardwired into humans
...olated from conventional sign, spoken, and written language
their entire lives, and yet still developed a uniq... that certain fundamental characteristics of human language
systems appear in gestural communication, even when the user has never been exposed to linguistic in...
Many new immigrants to US change diet -- and not for the better
... English well and they have lower rates of English language
use with friends and at work than those who do not consume more meat. Individuals reporting increased meat consumption also have higher household incomes and higher average BMI. "This pattern depicts immigrants who are perhaps less integrated, yet ...
Dartmouth study finds how the brain interprets the intent of others
... that the frontal cortex, normally associated with language
and understanding, would be activated in this situation, not the parietal cortex, usually thought to be involved with space and movement. Also, Hamilton says that with this study, they have shown it's possible to localize abstract things, like goals,...
Brain researchers discover the evolutionary traces of grammar
Researchers found that simple language
structures are processed in an area that is phylog...ental to furthering our understanding of the human language
faculty. (PNAS, February 6, 2006) One characteristic that clearly distinguishes us from non-human p...
Not every stutterer is a problem case
...terers frequently react to the impairment of their language
flow with behaviour patterns where they attempt to fight against or avoid their disability. One sign of the effort involved when they try to express themselves is that their speech, for example, is accompanied by grimaces or movements of the arms or ...
Let patients use their own terms to describe ethnicity
...nely collect data on patients' race, ethnicity and language
and link these data to measures of quality, safety and utilization," the authors said. "With such information, provider organizations will be able to target quality improvement programs to address disparities at their own institutions," they said....
Professor's research with hand-held device brings speech to impaired and disabled individuals
...t does not replace the brain's normal formation of language
before it is spoken, for example....
Warning over unfair terms for patients in clinical trials
...ents concerning injuries to patients are not plain language
and do not therefore meet the legal requirement of fairness and openness under consumer law. "If the law were to be observed, patients would be told frankly, in words lay people could readily understand, that they might be seriously injured but with ...
Brain processing of speech sounds is different in some southern English speakers
...said. "We know from sociolinguistics the study of language
variation and change that a great deal of phoneti...hin a single language." She cited as an example a language
variation known as a "vowel merger," in which two vowels with different pronunciation in one dialect...
UCI researchers examine political participation and health issues facing Hispanics in coming decades
...e second generation, assimilation leads to a rapid language
shift to English and to educational and occupational attainments, but there is another side to the picture: Americanization can be hazardous for your health," said Rumbaut, professor of sociology. "There is an obvious need for society to invest not o...
Antidepressants may be associated with modestly increased risk of suicidality in children
...ces if not appropriately treated. The new warning language
recognizes this need but advises close monitoring of patients as a way of managing the risk of suicidality."...
Understanding the actions of others requires the frontal cortex
... understanding language. However, because of these language
impairments, it has been difficult for researchers...with stroke patients and understand more about how language
and actions interact in the normal brain....
Study: Local TV news covers health a lot, but not always well
..., which must tell stories quickly, visually and in language
that's understandable to non-experts. At the same time, the authors say, they should help reporters put individual news items into perspective, and help them understand what health and medical topics have the most bearing on the public's health. "Th...
Newspaper coverage of neurologic conditions incorrect 20 percent of the time, study shows
...3, with researchers analyzing whether stigmatizing language
was used in U.S. newspaper coverage of neurologic ... of 21 percent (excluding wire stories) containing language
deemed stigmatizing. Sources of stigma within an article included reporters (55 percent), patients (...
Patients want to know results of their clinical trials
...ta is invariably published in medical journals the language
is often complicated and full of medical terms. In fact 96% of health professionals surveyed requested that the information about trials be disseminated into lay language, for patients to understand. In May 2004, the European Union introduced a Cli...
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