Tag: "latent" at medical news
Researchers suggest TB screening for all international adoptees
...tees be screened upon arrival in North America for latent
tuberculosis infection with the use of the Mantoux...have a chest radiograph performed. Children with latent
tuberculosis infection or active tuberculosis disease should be treated in accordance with the North...
New oxidation methods streamline synthesis of important compounds
...the entire sequence, White said. Instead, we carry latent
functionality as a carbon-hydrogen bond. Then, at a late stage in the synthesis, we remove the hydrogen and replace it with oxygen or nitrogen right where we need it for the next chemical reaction. In the June 13 issue of the Journal of the Americ...
Medical residents score poorly in diagnosing and managing tuberculosis
... score of 40 percent) for recognizing and treating latent
TB, the most common form of the infection. In latent
TB, a person is infected with the tubercle bacterium but lacks symptoms and is not contagious, yet i...
Medical residents unclear about TB guidelines
...y. The section on the diagnosis and treatment of latent
TB (where a patient is infected with TB but has no...estions pertaining to the risk of progression from latent
TB to active disease (where a patient develops TB-related symptoms), as well as those involving inte...
Epidemiology of TB: Updates from CDC studies to be presented at ATS 2007
...TB from six perspectives: TB patients, people with latent
TB infection, at-risk individuals, and TB communit...lth departments who serve TB patients, people with latent
TB infection, and at-risk individuals, through individual interviews and focus group discussions. D...
Vitamin D supplements may offer cheap and effective immune system boost against TB
...amin D supplementation may prevent reactivation of latent
TB. Identifying people with latent
TB and providing supplements could be an important strategy for tackling the disease." Treatment ...
Transplanting organs from animals to humans -- what are the barriers?
...ients will be required to monitor for infection by latent
viruses and other pathogens. A timely intervention would be important to treat the infection and control its spread to other individuals."...
Smoking increases risk of TB infection, says new study
...cteria responsible for TB. The bacteria can remain latent
in the body for decades, kept in check by a normal...uthor of the paper. "The risk factors that lead to latent
TB infection becoming active are still not well understood, but this study shows that smoking is pro...
Experts urge strongest isolation for new drug-resistant tuberculosis cases appearing in South Africa
...t of the problem. The number of persons harbouring latent
infections is unknown (and likely unknowable at present)," they add. Factors fuelling the outbreak Isolated cases of XDR-TB are documented in other regions and countries, including Canada . However, the situation in South Africa represents "the ...
Change in guidelines could help eliminate TB in US
...geted for tuberculin skin testing and treatment of latent
TB infection. The following countries of origin ...here is no policy to test foreign-born persons for latent
TB infection before entering the U.S., or to test them after they have lived here for more than five...
Tuberculosis risks for health workers in developing countries
...rticularly high risk. Over half were found to have latent
TB. One third of the world's population is infe...tudies which they found, 54% of health workers had latent
TB. The TB disease rates in health-care workers were also substantially higher than those in the gen...
American Thoracic Society publishes new statement on hepatotoxicity of antituberculosis therapy
...cians caring for patients infected with active and latent
TB," said Jussi J. Saukkonen, M.D., who chaired th... rifampin (RIF) and pyrazinamide (PZA) in treating latent
TB infection--and the influence of preexisting liver diseases like viral hepatitis. These questi...
New blood tests aid detection of latent tuberculosis
...old, physicians around the world can better detect latent
tuberculosis (TB) infection. The tests, which redu...ve received it. "Targeted tuberculin testing for latent
TB infection is a key component of TB control," said Dr. Richeldi. "It is based on identification an...
Animation can be outlet for victimized children, a tool for research
...ting data using sophisticated techniques involving latent
variable modeling. The results suggested a single latent
variable underlying the responses, showing very few of the pre-service teachers expressing significa...
Choose your beach with Medspiration
...y influences the transfer of heat and sensible and latent
fluxes between the ocean and the atmosphere. And because water takes a long time to warm up or cool down the sea surface functions as an enormous reservoir of heat: the top two metres of ocean alone store all the equivalent energy contained in the a...
Infected for life
...d a microRNA (miRNA) as the culprit that keeps the latent
virus-infected cell alive. These findings could on...nd offers the first target for intervention in the latent
infection. A research team led by Nigel W. Fraser, PhD, Professor of Microbiology, has found that he...
Blood tests may be better than standard skin test for diagnosing latent tuberculosis
Two blood tests for diagnosing latent
tuberculosis (TB) infection can individually produ...listic aim. Diagnosis and treatment of people with latent
infection, who are a reservoir for future cases, will be key. However, the standard diagnostic test ...
Directly observed therapy does not help fight tuberculosis
... direct observation for prophylaxis in people with latent
TB," say the Authors. "DOT is a controversial and expensive intervention, and there appears to be no sound reason to advocate its routine use until we understand the situation in which it may be beneficial," says lead Author Professor Jimmy Volmink, ...
Treating populations infected with HIV and latent TB could speed the emergence of drug-resistant TB
... HIV and TB, they are more likely to progress from latent
TB infection to active TB. To combat the problem,...rapy to reduce the risk that TB will progress from latent
infection to active disease. However, researchers from the Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH) an...
Research suggests that immune response protects against brain tumor development
...participants about their history of chicken pox. A latent
infection is known to promote low level inflammation in the brain, which could also provide an immune response that protects against tumor development. They found that a history of chicken pox significantly reduced the risk of developing AA tumors. T...