Tag: "little" at medical news

Tobacco companies designed cigarettes 'to addict women,' according to new study

...usion of a "healthier" product: "Most smokers have little notion of their brand's tar and nicotine levels. Perception is more important than reality, and in this case the perception is of reduced tobacco consumption." The documents reveal that, beginning in the 1970s, the companies undertook internal resea...

Statins underprescribed to patients at higher risk of heart disease, Stanford study says

...e therapy, were overprescribed to patients who had little to gain from them. "You have to look at drug therapy on a case-by-case basis. We have many situations where drugs are misused or overused," said lead author Jun Ma, MD, PhD, research associate at the Stanford Prevention Research Center. "In this part...

Diabetes knowledge has little effect on improving outcomes

...Duke Clinical Research Institute researchers finds little relationship between what a diabetic patient knows about the disease and control of its associated cardiovascular risk factors or how well the patient ultimately fares. The researchers said their analysis indicates that for diabetics, improved diseas...

Variant prion protein causes infection but no symptoms

Abnormal prion proteins are little understood disease agents involved in causing horrific brain-wasting diseases such as Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease in people, mad cow disease in cattle and chronic wasting disease in deer and elk. Now, new research suggests that a variant form of abnorm...

College students think favorably, but act timidly about organ donation

...ferent message appeals: one aimed at students with little information or incorrect information, focusing on awareness, knowledge and attitudes; and another directed toward students who are undecided or intend to sign a donor card or indicate their wish to be an organ donor on their driver's license, but hav...

Pacemakers and defibrillators for the survival of patients suffering from heart insufficiency

...the heart. That is to say, contraction occurs with little force and, moreover, in a disordered manner and, thus, the heart's performance or yield is notably worsened. With cardiac resynchronisation the desynchronisation of the heart contractions caused by electrical pulse disorders are minimised, and so the...

IBM and EPFL join forces to uncover the secrets of cognitive intelligence

...mputer-based model of the entire brain. Relatively little is actually known about how the brain works. Using the digital model scientists will run computer-based simulations of the brain at the molecular level, shedding light on internal processes such as thought, perception and memory. Scientists also hope...

Resettling the 'Lost Boys of Sudan' in the United States

...ugh many of the children said they were at least a little comfortable with U.S. society and culture in general, many also expressed a desire for more detailed and ongoing orientation in social and cultural issues both before and after coming to the U.S. The youths scored well on measures related to functio...

Newly published summer camp health guideline advises parents, camp directors

...ogical malady for campers, can be prevented with a little effort by parents and doctors in the weeks before camp. The new guideline, published in the June issue of the journal Pediatrics, was written by a team led by a University of Michigan Health System physician who specializes in camp health. Edward Wa...

Resettling the 'Lost Boys of Sudan' in the United States

...ugh many of the children said they were at least a little comfortable with U.S. society and culture in general, many also expressed a desire for more detailed and ongoing orientation in social and cultural issues both before and after coming to the U.S. The youths scored well on measures related to functio...

Blood-based TB test matches up to old skin test in study among health workers in India

...o tests. Surprisingly, previous TB vaccination had little impact on the results of either test. Pai notes that other studies in North America and Europe have shown that the interferon-gamma test outperformed the skin test. "It's important to keep both tests on the menu so that health professionals can choos...

Chest x-rays not effective in determining when TB acquired

There is little correlation between the appearance of tuberculosis on chest x-rays and how recently the disease was acquired, according to a study in the June 8 issue of JAMA, a theme issue on tuberculosis. Co-author Neil W. Schluger, M.D., of Columbia University, ...

TV confuses children about which foods are healthy, new study finds

...chose jelly because "it has fruit in it and just a little sugar because sugar is bad.""Although his answer was incorrect, his reasoning was nutritional," Harrison said.Conversely, a third-grade girl who chose cottage cheese over fat-free ice cream said she did so because "it has less calories." "Although he...

Research results from the 'Era of Hope' Department of Defense breast cancer research program meeting

...owed by radiation therapy, and most reported doing little if any regular exercise before diagnosis. Among those who had exercised before their diagnosis, walking was generally the activity of choice. The study excluded women who had other serious health conditions or took drugs that could affect the immun...

Delaying medication for infrequent seizures may be the best option

...izures, the results of this study suggest there is little to gain in the long-term from starting medication immediately." He adds: "In what is often a difficult decision good data coupled with a clinical synthesis of the risks and benefits that are tailored to the patient's personal circumstances will contr...

Scientists advocate delaying medication for early epilepsy

...ut research now suggests that early treatment adds little if any benefit to a patient's quality of life. Pr...izures, the results of this study suggest there is little to gain in the long-term from starting medication immediately." "In what is often a difficult decisi...

Shrinking brains but healthy memory - does brain matter matter?

...ecognition of dementia in previous work. However, little is known about whether education is protective of brain changes in the general population. "Our findings do not support the role of education in protecting against either brain change or cognitive performance. These findings are good news for the ...

Exercise helps recovery from chemotherapy for breast cancer

...owed by radiation therapy, and most reported doing little if any regular exercise before diagnosis. Among those who had exercised before their diagnosis, walking was generally the activity of choice. The study excluded women who had other serious health conditions or took drugs that could affect the immun...

Variations in four inflammatory genes may predispose Mexican Americans to insulin resistance

...t the cells were taking up glucose. However, when little or no glucose needed to be added, the patients were found to be insulin resistant, i.e., their blood sugar levels remained too high, indicating that the cells were not using the glucose as they should. The investigators then compared patients' leve...

Flight stockings significantly reduce DVT risk, says research review

...gh the stockings reduced the risk of DVT, they did little to reduce the incidence of superficial venous thrombosis in low, medium or high risk participants. There was a slight difference between the stocking wearing and control groups 0.48 per cent versus 0.85 per cent respectively but this was not statis...

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