Tag: "little" at medical news

Once in the doctor's office, racial and ethnic disparities in care nearly disappear: Stanford study

...for outpatient care, their race and ethnicity make little difference in the quality of care they receive. But the study also found that health-care providers have a lot of room for improvement when it comes to caring for all of their patients. In fact, it suggests there were only limited improvements in out...

Women want information, opportunity to participate in decision for first mammogram

... of possible harm, the authors write. In addition, little is known about how much involvement women want in decision making about initiating screening. Larissa Nekhlyudov, M.D., M.P.H., of Harvard Medical School, and colleagues surveyed women age 40 to 44 scheduled for their first screening mammogram. Women...

Polls finds many Americans believe cancer myths

...kely to hold more misconceptions. The survey found little relation between people's self-assessment of cancer knowledge and the accuracy of their answers. For four of the five questions, there was no significant difference in prevalence of endorsement of the inaccuracies between the groups who called themse...

Voice-to-voice translation machine perfects bedside manner

...ds, a disproportion that exists because relatively little has so far been done in machine translation of Persian (a language also called Farsi), either written or spoken. "In addition to our progress in the general problem of the interface," says Narayanan, "we are also contributing to the specific problems...

Children in chronic pain need better support, say researchers

...in a 'diagnostic vacuum', the child often receives little appropriate pain management which can be incredibly frustrating for all concerned," said Professor Eccleston. "Inaccurate and unhelpful diagnoses of 'functional' or 'psychosomatic' pain can fuel fear and frustration in children and their parents. "Fa...

UQ researcher to help improve global health

...en in developing countries, but receive relatively little attention and resources, such as dengue fever, HIV, tuberculosis, malaria, vaccine-preventable diseases, diarrhea and respiratory infections....

Antidepressants lessen risk of heart attack, Stanford researcher says

...e therapy significantly reduced depression but had little effect on mortality rates, the researchers conducted a secondary analysis on the use of antidepressants among the study participants. "Our initial results were published in JAMA, and there was some evidence that the participants on antidepressants ha...

Young children who watch less TV more likely to finish college

...als. Despite several decades of research, there is little consensus on whether childhood television viewing has beneficial, harmful or negligible effects on educational achievement, according to background information in the article. There have been no previous long-term follow-up studies measuring childhoo...

Could reality TV save academic medicine?

...ntific advances were subject to fads and there was little regulation of health information. In the final two scenarios, academic medicine engaged fully with all stakeholders and focused on improving global health. Global networks flourished and medical training was energised. But lack of political will and ...

Turn up da noise

...ve a sensory threshold so it can be perceived. Too little noise isn't enough, and too much noise just hides the signal," Ward said. "This is especially important for people whose sensory thresholds have been elevated, such as the elderly or people who have sustained damage to their visual, auditory or touch...

Nutritional info helps teens make better choices

...made available at the point of selection with very little additional cost." The researchers displayed the nutrition information in the standard U.S. Food and Drug Administration's style for Nutrition Facts Labels found on all packaged foods. "We used the Nutrition Facts Label because students might alread...

Child early intervention programs make for healthier adults

...etter health than the urban Boston residents, with little difference between the BEEP and non-BEEP groups; Palfrey speculates that this was because Brookline offers many programs and supports for families. However, within the urban group, there were significant differences: BEEP participants had, on average...

UF study: Child raising toughest on young grandmothers

...l policies limiting welfare benefits and providing little assistance to skipped-generation grandparents should be revised to contribute more support for the valuable role they play. "I don't think society is aware of the public service these grandparents provide in struggling to keep families intact instea...

Baseball food and drink: Healthy chemistry scores a surprise hit

...unds found in sauerkraut You might want to add a little more sauerkraut to your hot dog: The tangy topping, made from fermented cabbage, contains a class of compounds called isothiocyanates which were previously identified in other studies as potential cancer-fighting agents, researchers say. Onions bat...

Computers: Poor placement does not compute in medical exam rooms

...g next to exam table and its placement varies very little from room to room. But with computers, we found they could be anywhere in the exam room where it was convenient to drop the wires," said Dr Frankel. Ideally, the computer should be placed on a moveable arm that can be swiveled to a position that allo...

Giving oxygen may do more harm than good, new report shows

...zling that a simple idea like this has received so little attention from clinicians," says Dr. Iscoe. Although there has been some concern about the possibility of patients receiving too much carbon dioxide (which can cause discomfort), he points out that new designs for oxygen masks allow precise monitorin...

Parkinson's medication appears to trigger excessive gambling

...inic researchers believe the lower doses used pose little danger of it prompting pathological gambling....

Costs of coronary artery bypass graft surgery

...st compared with those at Canadian hospitals, with little difference in clinical outcome and despite shorter average LOS [length of stay]. The difference in total in-hospital costs is almost equally attributable to differences in direct and overhead costs between the Canadian and U.S. hospitals. This cost d...

Defective clotting factor clears arteries

...t. This process must be tightly regulated, as too little clotting can lead to bleeding disorders and too much clotting can lead to blood vessel blockage, which triggers strokes and heart attacks. For decades, scientists assumed that factor XII (or Hageman factor) was not important for clotting, as both hum...

Low heart rate variability in depressed patients contributes to high mortality after heart attack

...d of omega-3. "We think omega-3 might make cells a little more receptive to antidepressant medications," Carney says. "If that's the case, those medications might have a greater impact, both in improving depression and in reducing risk of future cardiac problems." Interestingly, the study found that the ris...

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(Date:4/16/2014)... of the Physical Biosciences Division of Lawrence Berkeley ... is recognized as a leading authority on the ... and their application to systems and synthetic biology, ... the 2013 Ernest Orlando Lawrence Award by U.S. ... the Department of Energy (DOE),s highest scientific honor, ...
(Date:4/16/2014)... or to conquer the world? Surprisingly, bacteria also ... in Munich have now shown how these organisms ... , The bacterium Bacillus subtilis is ... on agar surfaces by means of flagella. Alternatively, ... the bacteria proliferate most effectively in this stationary ...
(Date:4/16/2014)... Prechtl, Leo Heim and their colleagues at the University ... method of generating hydrogen using water and formaldehyde. The ... when it comes to fuel cell technologies. The results ... using water and formaldehyde", have recently been published in ... applications, the new approach can be used to recycle ...
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