Tag: "maternal" at medical news

Maternal obesity prior to pregnancy associated with birth defects

... defects. The reasons for an association between maternal obesity and a spectrum of structural birth defects... responsible for the associations observed between maternal obesity and specific categories of birth defects. Women with type 2 diabetes were excluded from the ...

Postpartum hospital discharges -- when is the 'right time?'

...al education. Clinical decision-making regarding maternal and infant discharge is a subjective and contextual process that must take into account the perspectives of each person involved in the mothers and infants health care experience, Bernstein says. This suggests that the mother and the clinicians carin...

Conference to investigate basis of parental behavior

...ce will include 11 symposia on topics ranging from maternal stress, anxiety and depression to bi-parental care. Conference supporters include National Institutes of Health, Cummings School Deans Fund, Mother-Infant Conference at Montreals Douglas Hospital, Tufts University Office of the Vice Provost for Resea...

Snoring in children might be an allergic type disease

...with rhinitis who were first born, were exposed to maternal tobacco smoke during the first year of life and/or who had asthma and/or eczema at age five years were more likely to snore. Breastfeeding, birth weight, body mass index at age 4.5 years and respiratory function whilst awake were found to be unrela...

In utero exposure to smoking by mother can increase risk of ADHD

... System, adds, "These data highlight a new risk of maternal smoking, increasing the risk for ADHD in their children. ADHD, in turn, increases the risk for substance abuse. Thus, it appears that in utero exposure to nicotine may help to perpetuate a cycle across generations that links addiction and behaviora...

Aspirin use during pregnancy could reduce risk of pre-eclampsia

...ar, although it is known that complications in the maternal spiral arteries in early pregnancy can lead to irregular blood flow to the placenta, causing blood clots in and death to placental tissue. This can lead to activation of the platelets and clotting system and an imbalance between hormones which promot...

Full-term, low-birth-weight babies at significantly greater risk for early respiratory symptoms

... tobacco smoke in their home. They also noted that maternal smoking during pregnancy was "clearly associated with a reduced birth weight." By age 2, cough was the most frequently reported symptom among the children. Between the ages of 4 and 7, about 70 percent of the kids with respiratory symptoms reported...

Study shows dramatic increase in Caesarean sections

...y said. "From the analysis it is clear that both maternal age and affluence are factors in the increasing ra...delivery," Dr Pennell said. "The degree to which maternal request accounts for the increase in caesarean sections isn't known, but similar studies in the UK h...

Conception date affects baby's future academic achievement

...lis. Nitrates and pesticides are known to cause maternal hypothyroidism and lower maternal thyroid in pregnancy is associated with lower cognitive scores in offspring. "We have now linked...

Breastfeeding and good fats help new moms fight depression

...ding to Kendall-Tackett. "Breastfeeding protects maternal mood by lowering stress. When stress levels are lower, the mother's inflammatory response system will not be activated, thereby lowering her risk of depression," she said. "However positive these results, I must issue one caveat: they only apply when...

Resistant HIV quickly hides in infants' cells

... he pointed out, "since transplacental transfer of maternal antibodies precludes the use of antibody detection methods." Affordable techniques also are necessary to reliably detect resistant HIV in less affluent areas of the world. SUGGESTED "FAST FACTS": Five of 21 HIV-positive infants in this st...

Chronic family turmoil and other problems cause physical changes

...l Psychology. It is the first study to look at how maternal responsiveness may protect against cumulative risk as well as the first, according to the researchers, to look at cardiovascular recovery from stress in children or youths. Evans said that the findings suggest that the physiological toll of coping wi...

Low-tech operation could dramatically reduce maternal deaths

...h world, however, one of the most common causes of maternal death in low income countries is obstructed labor. The availability of relatively low-tech symphysiotomies, says the author, would help to address this dire situation....

Undergrad: Mothers in African study undereducated on diarrhea

..., including socio-economic level, child nutrition, maternal hand-washing hygiene and latrine and water use. The goal, he said, was to "identify those determinants that could be modified by mothers to reduce morbidity associated with diarrhea." Mediratta then trained 13 health facilitators at a local clinic ...

Increased risk of stillbirth in older pregnant women

...s in older women. Pregnant patients of advanced maternal age (AMA) are at increased risk for a multitude of pregnancy complications, including gestational diabetes mellitus, preeclampsia, placenta previa and intrauterine growth restriction. All of these conditions have been associated with a higher rate of...

New data supports a non-invasive approach to routine prenatal genetic testing

...and analyzes circulating fetal nucleic acid from a maternal blood sample. In the opinion of Dr. Kenneth Moise, Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology and a specialist in Maternal-Fetal Medicine at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, Texas, this is a major research breakthrough in prenatal medicine. "T...

Worldwide Parkinson's cases will double in next 25 years

...disease, more than double all infectious diseases, maternal and infant conditions, and nutritional deficiencies combined. "Understanding and predicting the burden of disease is critical to guiding future health, social and economic policy," said Dorsey. "The challenge for these developing countries that cur...

Cells passed from mother to child may be first step in developing new treatments for type 1 diabetes

...sulin in the child. The same study also found that maternal DNA was found in greater amounts in the blood of c...indings suggest a beneficial role for this type of maternal microchimerism. Microchimerism is the term used when an individual harbors cells or DNA that origina...

Over 200 million children under age 5 failing to reach their potential in cognitive development

... stimulation. Other potential risk factors include maternal depression, exposure to lead and arsenic, and some infectious diseases, such as malaria or HIV/AIDS. Interventions that address these causal factors can reduce the burden of poor child development, say the authors of the final paper in the Series. ...

New study shows epidural during birth may negatively affect breastfeeding

...women who used no analgesia, after controlling for maternal age and education. Seventy-two percent of women who had no analgesia were breastfeeding at 24 weeks compared with 53% who received pethidine or epidurals containing bupivacaine and fentanyl (an opioid). The authors conclude that this study adds to ...

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(Date:10/19/2014)... access in India over the last 30 years ... emissions growth during that time, according to a ... Climate Change ., "Energy access is fundamental to ... life, including education, communication, and health," says IIASA ... While increased energy access is widely agreed to ...
(Date:10/18/2014)... patients referred for evaluation of suspected genetic conditions, ... 25 percent, including detection of a number of ... disease, according to a study appearing in ... coincide with the American Society of Human Genetics ... or coding regions of thousands of genes simultaneously ...
(Date:10/17/2014)... – Accurate knowledge regarding Ebola is critical and pertinent ... of hazardous global outbreak and epidemic. The Journal, ... a special issue, Ebola Virus and Public Health, to ... knowledge in this critical societal moment. , On ... Ebola for Clinicians . The primer was prepared by ...
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