Tag: "measure" at medical news

Several factors can increase risk for recurrent blood clot

...ry of a thrombotic event may be the most important measure to reduce the risk of a recurrent event. Women using oral contraceptives should be advised to refrain from further use. The decision on optimal duration of anticoagulation therapy after a first thrombotic event will probably need to be based on clini...

Study shows grapefruit extract can heal stomach ulcers

...ts and applied graded doses of GSE (2-20 mg/kg) to measure levels of gastric secretion, one the major causes of gastric ulcers. The team tested ulcer healing by using a combination of acetic acid (an acid compound used to induce experimental ulcers) with or without a COX-1 inhibitor (indomethacin, 2 mg/kg) ...

New kidney function test better than standard at predicting death and cardiovascular outcomes

...ovascular risk among the elderly than the standard measure of kidney function, according to a National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)-funded study published in the May 19 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine. This more sensitive test distinguishes those at low, medium and high cardiovascul...

Words influence smells

...I uses harmless magnetic fields and radio waves to measure blood flow in regions of the brain, which reflects brain activity. The researchers found that labeling the odor "cheddar cheese" produced an activation in a specific part of the brain region that processes olfactory information. Clean air labeled as ...

Low back pain relief, causes, measurement & prosthetic fit, production, comfort

...and reliability of seven prosthetic instruments to measure residual-limb characteristics on models of below-k...(differences in left and right back muscle use) to measure back muscle impairment. EMG activation of four pairs of back muscles was measured in healthy and chr...

'Virtual' asthma clinic helps patients manage disease online

... use the website to enter their peak flow rates (a measure of their lung function) and symptom information. They were able to ask the asthma educator questions, get asthma information and fill out online questionnaires about their quality of life. The 63 patients enrolled in the study used the website an ave...

Combating fatigue associated with liver disease

...researchers point out that fatigue is difficult to measure and evaluate as it is a symptom that patients verbally report. "Thus in this study, the inherent difficulty in measuring a symptom as subjective and ill-defined as fatigue, particularly with questionnaires that are surrogate measures for this symptom...

Psychologist: Make culture part of the new collaborative science

...h biology. Well-being, Ryff says, is essentially a measure of how purposefully a person engages with life. "Psychosocial factors are important everywhere but components of those factors vary in cultures," says Ryff, who has collected preliminary cross-cultural data in collaboration with Japanese researchers....

New data show the efficacy of EQUETRO in patients with Bipolar I Disorder

...nt reduction in manic symptoms based on a standard measure of Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS). Specifically, patients previously taking valproate had a reduction in their average YMRS scores by 10.8 on EQUETRO vs. 5.7 on placebo (p=0.04), and those previously treated with lithium had a reduction in their av...

New haptics systems challenge stroke patients to grasp, pinch, squeeze their way to recovery

...on, which fits over an instrumented data glove, to measure the position and orientation of the hand in a three-dimensional space. "The glove allows patients to feel the sensation of a solid object in their palms," said Yeh, who develops some of the "special effects" computer graphics for these interfaces. ...

UK demand for overseas doctors severely affecting sub-Saharan Africa

...poor to rich countries. We suggest that one basic measure would be an agreement in consultation with WHO to establish a basis, in developed countries, for minimum annual numbers of health professionals in training. This would help to reduce developed country reliance on the investment in training made by d...

Errors in intensive care units: medical staff report fewer unintended events than observers

...h unintended events occur in ICUs can be used as a measure of the quality of care provided. In hospitals, UEs are recorded and assessed using a uniform, international system called the Critical Incident Reporting (CIR) system. However, this system does not provide an objective numerator (the observed number...

Patients with metabolic syndrome, moderate coronary calcium have greater risk of blocked arteries

...hough coronary calcium scores provide an excellent measure of plaque build-up in the arteries, the presence of calcium doesn't mean that we will see evidence of ischemia or artery blockage when a patient does a stress test," Berman said. "In most patients, the calcium buildup causes the artery to expand out...

Large survey suggests schizophrenia less prevalent than textbooks say

...t "if we wish to provide the general public with a measure of the likelihood that individuals will develop schizophrenia during their lifetime, then a more accurate statement would be that about seven to eight individuals per 1,000 will be affected." However, the analysis makes clear that "many people ...

Shorter course of radiotherapy effective for palliation of painful bone metastases

A single treatment of 8 gray (Gy--a unit of measure of absorbed radiation dose) of radiation appears to be as effective in palliating painful bone metastases as the current U.S. standard treatment course of 30 Gy delivered in 10 daily treatments, according to a new study in the June 1 issue of the Jo...

International conference on bipolar disorder June 16-18 a forum for new research

...in the mean time, proposing a simple blood test to measure antibodies indicative of an abnormal thyroid condition as a way to help identify family members of bipolar patients who also may be at risk for developing the disease. Imaging studies have found the region in the brain responsible for modulating ...

Researchers develop new concept for single molecule transistor

...at temperatures close to absolute zero in order to measure a conductivity change. Another significant aspect of this breakthrough is the fact that only one electron from the atom is needed to turn molecular conductivity on or off. On a conventional transistor, this gating action requires about one million e...

Knee injury causes decrease in lubrication, has implications for arthritis

... acute and chronic," the paper states. In order to measure the breakdown of lubricin, researchers developed a simple test that can be performed in any hospital laboratory, Jay says. Previously, friction tests were conducted with complex machines that are not easily accessible to physicians. The next step is ...

The link between passive and active smoking and breast cancer

...ducted (Asia, Europe, North America); what outcome measure was used (breast cancer death or diagnosis); and the quality of the second-hand smoke exposure measure. The completeness of the second-hand smoke measures varied widely. Studies that collected quantitative long-term information on the three major po...

Is there a link between childhood cancer and overhead power lines?

...ctor that varies geographically." The study didn't measure the magnetic field from either the power lines or other sources. "We don't yet fully understand the aetiology of childhood leukaemia," she says. "Nevertheless, we are now reasonably sure that it often involves damage to DNA before birth, and an unusu...

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(Date:10/17/2014)... news release is available in German . ... only a very few drugs. When treating overdoses, doctors are ... is especially difficult if there is a combination of drugs ... playing and accidentally swallows his grandmother,s pills? ETH professor Jean-Christophe ... wanted to find an answer to this question. "The task ...
(Date:10/16/2014)... William and Mary,s Virginia Institute of Marine Science ... Environmental Protection Agency to identify the streams and ... develop tools to help local governments and citizens ... critically on a dataset of tidal-marsh observations first ... with this historical baseline can today,s researchers accurately ...
(Date:10/16/2014)... Melbourne researchers have challenged conventional thinking on how the ... new mechanism for how bowel cancer starts. , The ... maintaining and regenerating the ,crypts, that are a feature ... are involved in bowel cancer development, a controversial finding ... existence. , Using 3D imaging technologies, Dr Chin Wee ...
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